Chickering’s Theory of Identity Development - Description
Zachery Holder SAE 723 Dr Baumann Authur Chickering Eriksons Theory identity and intimacy Education and Identity 1969 based on research he conducted at Goddard College and Small College ID: 781273 Download
Zachery Holder. SAE 723. Dr. Baumann. Authur. . Chickering. Erikson’s . Theory (identity and intimacy) . Education . and Identity (1969). based . on research he conducted at Goddard . College and Small College.
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Presentation on theme: "Chickering’s Theory of Identity Development"— Presentation transcript:
Chickering’s Theory of Identity Development
Theory (identity and intimacy)
and Identity (1969)
on research he conducted at Goddard
College and Small College
Examines the content of development
Break down issues people face as the move through life
Influenced by the environmental context in which development occurs
Seven vectors of development
because each seems to have direction and magnitude -- even though the direction maybe expressed more appropriately by a spiral or by steps than by a straight line.”
Vectors build on each other accounting for emotional, interpersonal, ethical, and intellectual aspects of development.
Vectors depend largely on social
Intellectual competence: developing knowledge and skills related to particular subject mater
Physical competence: developed through physical productivity
competence: the development of understanding, communicating, and interacting with others.
Describe a time when you remember developing intellectual, physical, or interpersonal confidence.
specific ability was enhanced
accept your own emotions
Appropriately express and control
Think of a time you most recently failed to manage your emotions?
would this effect those who work with or for you?
Moving Through Autonomy Toward Interdependence
independence means freedom from continual and pressing needs for reassurance, affection, or approval
ability to organize activities and to solve problems in a self-directed way, and the ability to
navigate from place to place
having the awareness that others are connected to the individuals actions
Describe a time when you became more independent and understood the value of being interdependent.
supported you in this process?
Developing Mature Interpersonal
Interpersonal and intercultural tolerance
healthy intimate relationships
More reciprocal and
empathetic of others
, religion, life style, etc. that you are interested in
How has that helped you establish relationships with someone who’s identity reflects those differences?
Acknowledge differences in identity development
, ethnic background,
Identity formation depends in part on the other
External factors from family and cultural
Reflecting on your own experiences and sense of identity what identity do you feel the most positive about and how has it helped to establish your other identities?
to personal interest or activities
What gives you a sense of purpose personally and professionally?
that had an impact on your career choice?
is something else that gives you a sense of purpose
Have you explored them as well?
Humanize and personalize values
Do you remember a time when your moral beliefs were challenged?
did you work through this
Is there a time you have failed to hold to your own morals?
factors from educational environments
Clear and specific objectives
pay attention and use to guide the development of programs and services
Significant participation is important for development
Numbers of opportunities is not always the issue
enough meaningful opportunities for
Guiding students to sometimes focus on specific involvements
Extensive and varied interactions
Students need to see faculty in a variety of situations involving different roles
Key to Success:
Knowing who your students are and understanding how they interact and communicate
Helping them relate to you on a personal level, to understand you are a person too
Sensitive to Individual differences
Offers diverse perspectives
Making sure students can make sense of material
Key to Success:
Recognize differences, create opportunities to challenge perspectives, and Provide activities to integrate differences.
interactions, timely feedback, high expectations, and respect for individual differences.
Friendships and Student Communities
“A student’s most important teacher is often another student”
Key to Success:
Encourage interactions between students, offer opportunities to collaborate, include people of diverse backgrounds, and serve as a reference.
Student Development Programs and Services
Collaboration between academics and student affairs professionals
Key to Success:
focus on “ the education of the whole student”
Helpful in making sure the key influences are a success
of Work and Learning
and Respect for Individual Differences
of the Cyclical Nature of Learning and Development
Development is a continues process and a number of things factor into the ways in which a person develops
at a different level of cognitive development will interpret experiences differently
Factor in internal and external factors when applying
Specific Student Populations
Women vs. Men
How do the different genders effect interactions within the vectors?
Sexual Identity may make it
difficult for individuals to
Application and Critique:
Programming and evaluation of programs
all student populations are represented or understood when
FOOD FOR THOUGHT
We may not know for years that a single lecture or conversation or experience started a chain reaction that transformed some aspect of ourselves. We cannot easily discern what subtle mix of people, books, settings, or events promotes growth.” Arthur
, K. P., & Nelson, E. S. (2005). Identity development and