Presentations text content in Chickering’s Theory of Identity Development
Chickering’s Theory of Identity Development
Theory (identity and intimacy)
and Identity (1969)
on research he conducted at Goddard
College and Small College
Examines the content of development
Break down issues people face as the move through life
Influenced by the environmental context in which development occursSlide4
Seven vectors of development
because each seems to have direction and magnitude -- even though the direction maybe expressed more appropriately by a spiral or by steps than by a straight line.”
Vectors build on each other accounting for emotional, interpersonal, ethical, and intellectual aspects of development.
Vectors depend largely on social
Intellectual competence: developing knowledge and skills related to particular subject mater
Physical competence: developed through physical productivity
competence: the development of understanding, communicating, and interacting with others.Slide6
Describe a time when you remember developing intellectual, physical, or interpersonal confidence.
specific ability was enhanced
accept your own emotions
Appropriately express and control
Think of a time you most recently failed to manage your emotions?
would this effect those who work with or for you?Slide9
Moving Through Autonomy Toward Interdependence
independence means freedom from continual and pressing needs for reassurance, affection, or approval
ability to organize activities and to solve problems in a self-directed way, and the ability to
navigate from place to place
having the awareness that others are connected to the individuals actionsSlide10
Describe a time when you became more independent and understood the value of being interdependent.
supported you in this process?Slide11
Developing Mature Interpersonal
Interpersonal and intercultural tolerance
healthy intimate relationships
More reciprocal and
empathetic of othersSlide12
, religion, life style, etc. that you are interested in
How has that helped you establish relationships with someone who’s identity reflects those differences?Slide13
Acknowledge differences in identity development
, ethnic background,
Identity formation depends in part on the other
External factors from family and cultural
Reflecting on your own experiences and sense of identity what identity do you feel the most positive about and how has it helped to establish your other identities?Slide15
to personal interest or activities
What gives you a sense of purpose personally and professionally?
that had an impact on your career choice?
is something else that gives you a sense of purpose
Have you explored them as well?Slide17
Humanize and personalize values
Do you remember a time when your moral beliefs were challenged?
did you work through this
Is there a time you have failed to hold to your own morals?Slide19
factors from educational environments
Clear and specific objectives
pay attention and use to guide the development of programs and servicesSlide20
Significant participation is important for development
Numbers of opportunities is not always the issue
enough meaningful opportunities for
Guiding students to sometimes focus on specific involvements
Extensive and varied interactions
Students need to see faculty in a variety of situations involving different roles
Key to Success:
Knowing who your students are and understanding how they interact and communicate
Helping them relate to you on a personal level, to understand you are a person tooSlide21
Sensitive to Individual differences
Offers diverse perspectives
Making sure students can make sense of material
Key to Success:
Recognize differences, create opportunities to challenge perspectives, and Provide activities to integrate differences.
interactions, timely feedback, high expectations, and respect for individual differences.Slide22
Friendships and Student Communities
“A student’s most important teacher is often another student”
Key to Success:
Encourage interactions between students, offer opportunities to collaborate, include people of diverse backgrounds, and serve as a reference.
Student Development Programs and Services
Collaboration between academics and student affairs professionals
Key to Success:
focus on “ the education of the whole student”Slide23
Helpful in making sure the key influences are a success
of Work and Learning
and Respect for Individual Differences
of the Cyclical Nature of Learning and DevelopmentSlide24
Development is a continues process and a number of things factor into the ways in which a person develops
at a different level of cognitive development will interpret experiences differently
Factor in internal and external factors when applyingSlide25
Specific Student Populations
Women vs. Men
How do the different genders effect interactions within the vectors?
Sexual Identity may make it
difficult for individuals to
Application and Critique:
Programming and evaluation of programs
all student populations are represented or understood when
FOOD FOR THOUGHT
We may not know for years that a single lecture or conversation or experience started a chain reaction that transformed some aspect of ourselves. We cannot easily discern what subtle mix of people, books, settings, or events promotes growth.” Arthur
, K. P., & Nelson, E. S. (2005). Identity development and
of first-generation American college students: an
Journal of College Student Development
, A. (
). Seven vectors: An overview. Cabrini College.
Evans, N. J., Forney, D. S., Guido, F. M., Patton, L. D., &
, K. A.
theory of identity development.
in college: Theory, research, and practice
. 64-81). San Francisco, CA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
, J., Nixon, M. L., Sisson, V. S., & Barnes, A. C. (2005). A
differences and implications for refining the
College Student Development