ASH Fact Sheet on Smoking Statistics Illness and deat

ASH Fact Sheet on Smoking Statistics  Illness and deat ASH Fact Sheet on Smoking Statistics  Illness and deat - Start

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ASH Fact Sheet on Smoking Statistics Illness and deat - Description

Smoking harms nearly every organ of the body and dramatically reduces both quality of life and life expectancy Smoking causes lung cancer respiratory disease and heart disease as well as numerous cancers in other organs including lip mouth throat bl ID: 73850 Download Pdf

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ASH Fact Sheet on Smoking Statistics Illness and deat




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ASH Fact Sheet on Smoking Statistics - Illness and death Planned review date: November 2015 Introduction Smoking is the primary cause of preventable illness and premature death, accounting for approximately 100,000 deaths a year in the United Kingdom. Smoking harms nearly every organ of the body and dramatically reduces both quality of life and life expectancy. Smoking causes lung cancer, respiratory disease and heart disease as well as numerous cancers in other organs including lip, mouth, throat, bladder, kidney, stomach, liver and cervix. The 2010 US Surgeon General report, ‘How Tobacco Smoke Causes Disease’, concludes that “there is no risk-free level of exposure to tobacco smoke, and there is no safe tobacco product. The World Health Organization estimates that the global yearly death toll as a result of tobacco use is currently 6 million (including exposure to secondhand smoke). This is expected to rise to 7 million by 2020 and to more than 8 million a year by 2030. 4,5 It is predicted that by the end of the 21st century, tobacco will have killed one billion people. For every death caused by smoking, approximately 20 smokers are suffering from a smoking related disease. 2,6 In England it is estimated that in 2012-13, among adults aged 35 and over, around 460,900 NHS hospital admissions were attributable to smoking, accounting for 5% of all hospital admissions in this age group. The cost of smoking to the National Health Service in England is estimated to be £2 billion a year. Deaths caused by smoking Smoking is the leading cause of preventable death and disease in the UK. About half of all life- long smokers will die prematurely, losing on average about 10 years of life. Smoking kills more SHRSOHHDFK\HDUWKDQWKHIROORZLQJSUHYHQWDEOHFDXVHVRIGHDWKFRPELQHG>JXUHVIRU(QJODQG H[FHSW+,9ZKLFKLVIRU8.DQGWUDIFDFFLGHQWVIRU*UHDW%ULWDLQ@ obesity (34,100) 10 alcohol (6,490) 11 URDGWUDIFDFFLGHQWV 12 illegal drugs (1,605) 13 HIV infection (504) 14 Most smoking-related deaths are from one of three types of disease: lung cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD which incorporates emphysema and chronic bronchitis) and coronary heart disease (CHD). In 2013, 17 per cent (79,700) of all deaths of adults aged 35 and over in England were estimated to be attributable to smoking (around one in six). Of these smoking caused: 37,200 (28%) of all cancer deaths 24,300 (35%) of all respiratory deaths 17,300 (13%) of all circulatory disease deaths Smoking statistics Illness and death November 2014
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ASH Fact Sheet on Smoking statistics - Illness and death Estimated percentages and numbers of deaths attributable to smoking in England by cause among adults aged 35 and over, 2013 Number of deaths % of deaths All deaths Deaths estimated to be caused by smoking Men Women Total Men Women Cancers /XQJ7UDFKHDDQG%URQFKXV 28,521 13,700 9,300 23,000 87 73 Oesophagus 6,324 2,900 1,200 4,100 68 60 %ODGGHU 4,226 1,200 400 1,600 43 28 Pancreas 7,082 800 900 1,700 23 24 Upper respiratory sites 2,059 1000 300 1,300 72 49 Stomach 3,733 600 200 700 25 11 Kidney 3,423 700 100 800 33 Larynx 649 400 100 500 81 74 Myeloid leukaemia 2,495 300 100 400 22 9 Cervical 663 100 100 11 8QVSHFLHGVLWH 8,019 2,000 900 2,900 53 21 All Cancer 134,969 23,700 13,500 37,200 33 21 Respiratory Chronic obstructive lung disease* 25,597 10,300 9,600 19,900 83 79 Pneumonia 24,636 2,400 2,000 4,400 23 14 All Respiratory 68,891 12,800 11,600 24,300 39 32 Digestive Stomach and duodenal ulcer 1,839 500 400 900 52 45 Circulatory Ischaemic heart disease 59,165 5,400 2,500 7,900 15 10 Aortic aneurysm 5,448 2,000 1,200 3,200 62 55 Cerebrovascular disease (stroke) 32,274 1,600 1,100 2,700 13 Other heart disease 22,901 1,700 1,300 3,000 18 10 Other arterial disease 2,471 200 300 400 17 18 Atherosclerosis 158 100 27 12 All Circulatory 129,968 10,900 6,400 17,300 17 10 All Deaths 223,249 Total caused by smoking 47,900 31,800 79,700 1%(VWLPDWHGDWWULEXWDEOHQXPEHURIGHDWKVLVURXQGHGWRWKHQHDUHVW1XPEHUVPD\QRWDOOWRWDOGXHWR rounding. *ICD codes J40-J44 which includes bronchitis, emphysema and other chronic obstructive lung disease. The proportion of deaths attributable to smoking is the median (mid-point) between the highest and lowest estimates for this group of diseases. Non fatal diseases There are many medical conditions associated with or aggravated by smoking, which may not be fatal but still cause years of debilitating illness. These include: 15 Heart and circulation: $QJLQD%XHUJHUV'LVHDVHVHYHUHFLUFXODWRU\GLVHDVH3HULSKHUDOYDVFXODUGLVHDVH Respiratory: $VWKPD&RPPRQFROG&KURQLFUKLQLWLVLQDPPDWLRQRIQRVH,QXHQ]D 7XEHUFXORVLV
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ASH Fact Sheet on Smoking statistics - Illness and death Stomach/digestive system: &RORQSRO\SV&URKQVGLVHDVHFKURQLFLQDPHGERZHO'XRGHQDOXOFHU6WRPDFKXOFHU Mouth: Acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis (gum disease), Tooth loss, Tooth discolouration. Ligaments, muscles and bones: Ligament, tendon and muscle injuries, Neck and back pain, Osteoporosis (in both sexes), Rheumatoid arthritis (in heavy smokers). 16 Eyes: Cataract, Macular degeneration, Nystagmus (abnormal eye movements), Optic neuropathy (loss of vision), Ocular histoplasmosis (fungal eye infection), Tobacco Amblyopia (loss of vision), Diabetic retinopathy, Optic neuritis. Skin: Psoriasis, Skin wrinkling. Reproductive functions: Female fertility (30% lower), Menopause (onset 1.74 years earlier on average), Male fertility (Impotence, Reduced sperm count and motility, sperm less able to penetrate the ovum, increased shape abnormalities). Other: Depression, Hearing loss, Multiple sclerosis, Type 2 Diabetes. Perceptions of health Smoking has an impact on people’s perceptions of health, with smokers in some age groups twice as likely as non-smokers of a similar age to feel that they are not in good health. Smoking Prevalence: by Age Group by Health, UK, January to December 2013 In good health - % Not in good health - % Age Group Current Smoker Never Smoker Current Smoker Never Smoker 18 - 24 81.8 91.9 18.2 8.1 25 - 34 79.7 89.7 20.3 10.3 35 - 49 68.7 84.8 31.3 15.2 50 - 64 56.7 75.9 43.3 24.1 65+ 47.8 60.6 52.2 39.4 Integrated Household Survey, January to December 2013 17 Resources For information about tobacco use and related harm at local level in England, please refer to the 7REDFFR3UROH , published by the Association for Public Health Observatories. The Tobacco Atla includes information on the scale of harm caused by tobacco worldwide as well as statistics on smoking prevalence and other related information. For more statistics on deaths from smoking in the UK and worldwide visit: www.deathsfromsmoking.ne
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References Estimated premature deaths for each jurisdiction are as follows: England – 79,100; Scotland – 13,000; Wales – 5,500; N. Ireland – 2,300. Sources: Statistics on smoking: England, 201 ScotPHO Smoking Ready Reckoner - 2011 Editio Welsh Government - Health Improvemen NIdirect - smokin 2 U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. +RZ7REDFFR6PRNH&DXVHV'LVHDVH7KH%LRORJ\DQG %HKDYLRUDO%DVLVIRU6PRNLQJ$WWULEXWDEOH'LVHDV : A Report of the Surgeon General. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2010. 3 Eriksen M, Mackay J & Ross H. The Tobacco Atlas 4th Edition. American Cancer Society and World Lung Foundation, 2012 4 WHO report on the global tobacco epidemic, 2008. The MPOWER packag . World Health Organization. 5 Shafey O, Eriksen M, Ross H and Mackay J. The Tobacco Atla 3rd Edition. 2010. American Cancer Society, 2010. 6 Cigarette smoking-attributable morbidity – United States, 2000. MMWR Weekly Report. 5 Sep. 2003 Statistics on smoking: England, 201 Health and Social Care Information Centre, 2014. Local costs of smokin , 2014 Action on Smoking and Health 'ROO53HWR5%RUHKDP6XWKHUODQG, Mortality in relation to smoking: 50 years’ observations on male %ULWLVKGRFWRU %0- 10 Statistics on obesity, physical activity and diet: England, 201 Information Centre for Health and Social care, 2014 11 Statistics on Alcohol: England, 201 . Information Centre for Health and Social Care, 2014 12 5HSRUWHG5RDG&DVXDOWLHVLQ*UHDW%ULWDL : Main Results 2013 Dept for Transport, 2014 13 Statistics on Drug Misuse, England - 201 NHS Information Centre for Health and Social Care, 2012. 14 National AIDS Trust. Statistics, 201 15 Cigarettes: what the warning label doesn’t tell yo . American Council on Science and Health, 2003. 16 U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. The Health Consequences of Smoking—50 Years of Progres : A Report of the Surgeon General. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2014. 17 Integrated Household Survey 201 ONS, 2014

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