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com describe Describe data in memory or in 64257le Syntax Menu Description Options to describe data in memory Options to describe data in 64257le Remarks and examples Stored results References Also see S ID: 9485 Download Pdf

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2describe—Describedatainmemoryorinle DescriptiondescribeproducesasummaryofthedatasetinmemoryorofthedatastoredinaStata-formatdataset.Foracompactlistingofvariablenames,usedescribe,simple.Optionstodescribedatainmemorysimpledisplaysonlythevariablenamesinacompactformat.simplemaynotbecombinedwithotheroptions.shortsuppressesthespecicinformationforeachvariable.Onlythegeneralinformation(numberofobservations,numberofvariables,size,andsortorder)isdisplayed.fullnamesspeciesthatdescribedisplaythefullnamesofthevariables.Thedefaultistopresentanabbreviationwhenthevariablenameislongerthan15characters.describeusingalwaysshowsthefullnamesofthevariables,sofullnamesmaynotbespeciedwithdescribeusing.numbersspeciesthatdescribepresentthevariablenumberwiththevariablename.Ifnumbersisspecied,variablenamesareabbreviatedwhenthenameislongerthaneightcharacters.Thenumbersandfullnamesoptionsmaynotbespeciedtogether.numbersmaynotbespeciedwithdescribeusing.replaceandcleararealternativestotheoptionsabove.describeusuallyproducesawrittenreport,andtheoptionsabovespecifywhatthereportistocontain.Ifyouspecifyreplace,however,noreportisproduced;thedatainmemoryareinsteadreplacedwithdatacontainingtheinformationthatthereportwouldhavepresented.Eachobservationofthenewdatadescribesavariableintheoriginaldata;seedescribe,replacebelow.clearmaybespeciedonlywhenreplaceisspecied.clearspeciesthatthedatainmemorybeclearedandreplacedwiththedescriptioninformation,eveniftheoriginaldatahavenotbeensavedtodisk.Thefollowingoptionisavailablewithdescribebutisnotshowninthedialogbox:varlist,anoptionforprogrammers,speciesthat,inadditiontotheusualstoredresults,r(varlist)andr(sortlist)bestored,too.r(varlist)willcontainthenamesofthevariablesinthedataset.r(sortlist)willcontainthenamesofthevariablesbywhichthedataaresorted.Optionstodescribedatainleshortsuppressesthespecicinformationforeachvariable.Onlythegeneralinformation(numberofobservations,numberofvariables,size,andsortorder)isdisplayed.simpledisplaysonlythevariablenamesinacompactformat.simplemaynotbecombinedwithotheroptions. describe—Describedatainmemoryorinle5 Example3Ifwespecifytheshortoption,onlygeneralinformationaboutthedataispresented:.describe,shortContainsdatafromhttp://www.stata-press.com/data/r13/states.dtaobs:50Statedatavars:53Jan201315:17size:1,100Sortedby:region Ifwespecifyavarlist,onlythevariablesinthatvarlistaredescribed. Example4Let'schangedatasets.Thedescribevarlistcommandisparticularlyusefulwhencombinedwiththe`*'wildcardcharacter.Forinstance,wecandescribeallthevariableswhosenamesstartwithpopbytypingdescribepop*:.usehttp://www.stata-press.com/data/r13/census(1980Censusdatabystate).describepop*storagedisplayvaluevariablenametypeformatlabelvariablelabel poplong%12.0gcPopulationpoplt5long%12.0gcPop,5yearpop5_17long%12.0gcPop,5to17yearspop18plong%12.0gcPop,18andolderpop65plong%12.0gcPop,65andolderpopurbanlong%12.0gcUrbanpopulationWecandescribethevariablesstate,region,andpop18pbyspecifyingthem:.describestateregionpop18pstoragedisplayvaluevariablenametypeformatlabelvariablelabel statestr14%-14sStateregionint%-8.0gcenregCensusregionpop18plong%12.0gcPop,18andolder Typingdescribeusinglenamedescribesthedatastoredinlename.Ifanextensionisnotspecied,.dtaisassumed. describe—Describedatainmemoryorinle7 6.vallab,avariablecontainingthenameofthevaluelabelassociatedwiththeoriginalvariable,ifany.7.varlab,avariablecontainingthevariablelabeloftheoriginalvariable,suchas"MakeandModel","Price","Mileage(mpg)",:::.Inaddition,thedatacontainthefollowingcharacteristics: dta[d filename],thenameofthelecontainingtheoriginaldata. dta[d filedate],thedateandtimethelewaswritten. dta[d N],thenumberofobservationsintheoriginaldata. dta[d sortedby],thevariablesonwhichtheoriginaldataweresorted,ifany.Storedresultsdescribestoresthefollowinginr():Scalarsr(N)numberofobservationsr(k)numberofvariablesr(width)widthofdatasetr(changed)agindicatingdatahavechangedsincelastsavedMacrosr(varlist)variablesindataset(ifvarlistspecied)r(sortlist)variablesbywhichdataaresorted(ifvarlistspecied)describe,replacestoresnothinginr().ReferencesCox,N.J.1999.dm67:Numbersofmissingandpresentvalues.StataTechnicalBulletin49:7–8.ReprintedinStataTechnicalBulletinReprints,vol.9,pp.26–27.CollegeStation,TX:StataPress. .2001.dm67.1:Enhancementstonumbersofmissingandpresentvalues.StataTechnicalBulletin60:2–3.ReprintedinStataTechnicalBulletinReprints,vol.10,pp.7–9.CollegeStation,TX:StataPress. .2003.SoftwareUpdates:Numbersofpresentandmissingvalues.StataJournal3:449. .2005.SoftwareUpdates:Numbersofpresentandmissingvalues.StataJournal5:607.Gleason,J.R.1998.dm61:AtoolforexploringStatadatasets(WindowsandMacintoshonly).StataTechnicalBulletin45:2–5.ReprintedinStataTechnicalBulletinReprints,vol.8,pp.22–27.CollegeStation,TX:StataPress. .1999.dm61.1:Updatetovarxplor.StataTechnicalBulletin51:2.ReprintedinStataTechnicalBulletinReprints,vol.9,p.15.CollegeStation,TX:StataPress.

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