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Higher Education Reform in Albania

Ministry of Education and Science, . Arjan Shahini. Outline. Public Management: Central Authorities . Priorities (Gov. .  National Strategy for Higher Education 2008-13). Expansion: Example  Private Education (approach + .

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Higher Education Reform in Albania




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Presentation on theme: "Higher Education Reform in Albania"— Presentation transcript:

Slide1

Higher Education Reform in Albania

Ministry of Education and Science,

Arjan ShahiniSlide2

Outline

Public Management: Central Authorities

Priorities (Gov.

 National Strategy for Higher Education 2008-13)

Expansion: Example  Private Education (approach +

c

urrent state)Slide3

Central Authorities

Public

management and governance of higher

education

C

entral

Authorities:

Government /

MoES

Accred

. Council

Council of Higher Education and Research

National Examination

Center

+

Immatriculation

Parliament

Committee on Education and Means of Public

Information

the

Committee on Work, Social Issues and Health

Slide4

Objectives of the strategy

Develop the

society

and

promote

democratic

standards.

Develop

economically

and

equally

the

country

through education

of a qualified work force.

Fulfill the development

aspirations

of

the young

generations.

Develop and consolidate a

wide and adequate

knowledge base

for the benefit of the country. Slide5

Strategic priorities

Expand the system (increase supply)

meet

the needs of the

country and create

higher education

opportunities

for all

.

Ensure diversity

in education

offers

in

line with the requirements of the future development of the

country.

Improve the

quality of teaching and learning

continuous

training of human resources and

fostering a

culture of quality

.

Improve governance mechanisms

grant

HEIs adequate autonomy conditional upon the achievement of

quality

management

,

accountability

and

transparency

.

Develop methods, schemes

and levels of

financing

student’s based

(need and merit – SL) for teaching and

competitive

for research institutions (SDF).Slide6

Approach: Reform & Innovation

Bottom-UpSlide7

Main Areas of ReformSlide8

Strategy Evaluation: Problems

Increase in environment’s complexity

Resistance to change

Difficulty predicting future

Increasing number of variables

Rate of obsolescence of plans

National and global events

Decreasing time span for planning certainty

Lack of capacities for the implementationSlide9

II. Expansion: Instruments

Liberalization of the education market: allow private providers (profit and non-profit).

Increase capacities (“consolidation and growth of the capacities of the existing institutions”)

Concentrated only in some fields of study (economic priority sectors: tourism, agricultural, food industry).

Gradual increase of the number of students.

Support regional universitiesSlide10

II. Expansion:

e.g

private education (a

)

Approach:

Mix: Laissez –faire with market competition

*

No funding; tax incentives for students

Private sector free to set tuition fees

Limited regulation, but regular auditing

No special laws

state introduces market elements in the higher education market

creates open market structure

state encourage private-public competition

* Zumeta W. (1997) State Policy and private Higher Education: Past, Present and Future. In: J. Smart (ed) Higher Education Handbook of Theory and Research. Volume XII. New York: Agathon Press: 43-106 Slide11

II. Expansion – Private Education (b)

Policies

Introduction

of

market elements (marketization) in the education system

Permissive policy for private providers to

enter the

market (licensure procedure)

Substitute

funds and / public

funding (

in the future!

)

Results

Increase in private education institutions (46 by 2012)

Profilization

of higher education institutions (study programs, professional colleges).

Increase in enrollment in private education (23 500 by 2011).

Consequences

Few elite HEIs

Public

universities are more

selective than private (due to state

matura

exam)

Private

might go bankrupt or

merge

Private

sector is left to

itself.Slide12

II. Expansion: Categories of private HEIsSlide13

II. Expansion: Improve quality

Accreditation & quality assurance (

new quality standards & benchmarks

)

Inform the students about the quality of the supply (

Ranking

)

Encourage the establishment of professional colleges (

less restrictive licensing procedure

)

Prepare students of secondary level for the university (

2+2 obligatory state examination

)

Obligatory certificate in English for the master-level (

l

aw

)

Internationalize the HEIs Slide14

Private Education II

Quality Assurance

Accreditation Agency

Accreditation Council

Ministry of Education and Science

State Standards of Evaluation and Accreditation

Yearly monitoring / inspection

Informing students about the quality: Ranking!

CHE

Methodology: Multidimensional

ResultsSlide15

I. Expansion: Improve quality

Accreditation & quality assurance (

new quality standards & benchmarks

)

Inform the students about the quality of the supply (

Ranking

)

Encourage the establishment of professional colleges (

less restrictive licensing procedure

)

Prepare students of secondary level for the university (

2+2 obligatory state examination

)

Obligatory certificate in English for the master-level (

l

aw

)

Internationalize the HEIs Slide16

II. Curriculum Reform

Evaluate

the implementation of Bologna Standards

Follow the

Bologna Process

: 3-cycle system;

C

ompetence

based

learning;

F

lexible

learning

paths;

Recognition & mobility

(internationalize curricula)

Adapt/restructure

content

, structure, teaching methods

and materials

;

E

stablish

joint study programmes

;

E

stablish

links with the

labour

market

(two year vocational schooling/college). Slide17

III. Governance

Increase the autonomy of universities

Modernise the capacity, management and governance of higher education institutions

and at the Ministry.

Management of students’ services

Build

strategic

partnerships, international and domestic relations with the private und state actors etc.

Ensure the quality of education (QA)

Promote

a quality assurance

culture

Increase accountability (toward government and the public)

E

nsure

equality

and

transparency in accessing the

higher educationSlide18

III. Governance: Accountability

Appointment (government or

board

)

Representation (

internal + external

)

Financial accountability (

budget

)

Differentiated functions between academics and executives.

Performance – (

reporting + monitoring + ranking + accreditation)Responsiveness toward market needsSlide19

IV. Research and Development: Strategy and Instruments

Document: National Strategy of Science, Technology and Innovation, 2009

Integration of the research institutes in the higher education system

Innovation (applied research)

Establishment of interdisciplinary centers (Technology Transfer Centers and Agencies)

Assist in the development

of the local community and

businesses

Set up networks of cooperation with the most important industries

Share costs with the private sector and attract funds from international research programs.

Raise public awareness

Achieve excellence in the priority areas of development (agro-food and tourism)