Rhetorical and Literary Devices

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Rhetorical and Literary Devices




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Presentations text content in Rhetorical and Literary Devices

Slide1

Rhetorical and Literary Devices

Slide2

Alliteration

The repetition of initial sounds (consonants) in words

Example: The slippery snake slithers sneakily

Slide3

Anecdote

A short account of an event or story in someone’s live

Example: So this one time, at band camp…

Slide4

Allusion

Short reference to a person/place/event in another work (text)

Example: the hockey article referring to the Expendables 3

Slide5

Cliche

A phrase that has become overly familiar or commonplace

Example: what goes around comes around

Slide6

Colloquialism

Used in familiar or informal conversation, similar to slang

Example:

Gonna

,

Kinda

, Kid instead of Child

Slide7

Connotation

The emotional content of a word and the associations it evokes

Example: Killed versus Slaughtered; House versus Home

Slide8

Denotation

The exact dictionary definition of a word

Example: a house is a building that serves as living quarters for people

Slide9

Hyperbole

An extravagant exaggeration

Example: I’ve told you a million times…

Slide10

Jargon

The technical terminology of a specific group (aka Shop Talk)… often meaningless out of context

Example: 9 to 5, bang for your buck, TTYL, BTW, LOL

Slide11

Juxtaposition

Placing two opposing things side by side to compare them

Example: Child holding a gun; think of a shoot-

em

-up scene in a movie with funny or calming music in the back

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Irony

use of words where the meaning is the opposite of their usual meaning or what is expected to happen

.

Example: fire station that burns down, traffic cop with unpaid parking tickets

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Metaphor

A word or phrase that compares two unlike things (without using like or as)

Example: calling someone who is dependable a “rock”… saying “he was in a world of trouble”

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Pathetic Fallacy

When nature reflects human’s mood/emotion

Attaching human qualities to nature, like personification

Example: a thunderstorm during an argument; calling a tornado “angry” or the wind “cruel”

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Personification

Giving human characteristics/qualities to inanimate objects or ideas

Examples: saying that an old house looks depressed

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Oxymoron

A combination of contradictory words

Example: Great Depression, walking dead, jumbo

shrimp,

global village

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Paradox

Something that seems contradictory or unbelievable; argument that defies logic or common sense

Example: going to war to bring about peace

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Simile

Two unlike things are compared using “like” or “as”

Example: as happy as a hippo

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Parallelism

Using parallel or corresponding structures in writing

Example: She likes cooking, reading and running (rather than: She likes cooking, to read and to run); stanzas starting the same way

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Rhetorical Question

A question asked for effect, or to prove a point, with no desired response

Example: You didn’t think I would go through with it, did you?

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Tone

The author’s attitude towards its subject or audience

Example: the

Sportsnet

article’s tone was humourous, ridiculing, sarcastic

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Understatement

A form of irony, intentionally representing something as less than it was

Example: Wayne Gretzky was a pretty good hockey player


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