The Hero’s Journey The Structure of an Epic Tale

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Epic. -a.  . long.  poetic.  composition, usually centered upon . a . hero. in which a series of great obstacles and majestic achievements occur.. Myth. -. a story that explains an unexplainable event.. ID: 681249 Download Presentation

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The Hero’s Journey The Structure of an Epic Tale




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Slide1

The Hero’s Journey

The Structure of an Epic Tale

Slide2

Epic -a

 long poetic composition, usually centered upon a hero in which a series of great obstacles and majestic achievements occur.

Myth

-

a story that explains an unexplainable event.

Slide3

To Understand the Greeks, You Must Understand Their Values

GREEK VALUES/ THEMES

1. *cunning over strength

2. *homeland

3. *respect for the gods

4. *spiritual development

(“know thyself”)

5. *youth and beauty

6. *rhetorical abilities (admiration for those who speak well)

Slide4

Traits of the Epic Hero

1. An epic hero is superhuman. He is braver, stronger, smarter, and cleverer than an ordinary person is. 2. The epic hero is on a quest

for something of great value to him or his people

.

3. The epic hero

fights monsters

. The villains that try to keep the hero from his quest are usually uglier, more evil, and more cunning than anyone we know in ordinary life.

Slide5

4. The epic hero is often of mixed divine and human birth

and so possesses human weaknesses. 5. The divine world (the gods) interferes with the human world.

6. The epic hero

returns home significantly transformed

by his journey

.

7. In his journey, the epic hero covers great geographical distances and even

visits the underworld

, other worlds, and/ or other times.

Slide6

Setting

The setting of an epic is usually vast in scale.

Slide7

Modern Epics

Modern “epics” take the reader on a hero’s journey while often adapting the storyline and setting.

Slide8

Stages of a Hero’s Journey

Slide9

The Call

An invitation to adventure either by a herald or an external event

The event is often traumatic

Voluntary or involuntary

Shrek decides to rescue Princess Fiona

Marlin decides to leave home to search for

Nemo

Odysseus goes to battle in Troy

God

appears

to

Moses

Slide10

Refusal of the Call

Often, the hero refuses to answer the call, or is reluctant to do so.

Slide11

Supernatural Help

Hero often has spiritual guidance from a wizard, elderly person, dwarf, fairy godmother,

etc

.

Slide12

Talisman

A particular item that holds special power for the hero that helps him navigate the unknown.

Slide13

The Guardian

Often there is a character who helps guard the hero. This character helps the hero to understand his life situation or helps him train for battle.

Slide14

Companions

There are usually friends or other companions who follow the hero on his journey.

Slide15

The Threshold

The place that marks the boundary from the known to the unknown

Sometimes there

is

something or someone that

blocks the

way.

The hero defeats, conciliates, or is murdered by the shadow and enters the unknown such as a cave or the belly of a

whale.

Slide16

Road of Trials/Challenges

The hero is faced with challenges and battles which test his strength and goodness.

Night or Sea Journey

The hero usually travels a great distance,

often in the dark or across an ocean.

Slide17

Entering the Belly of the Whale

This is the part of the story wherein the hero must face his deepest, darkest fear or most evil enemy.

Slide18

Journey to Hell/Death and Rebirth

Hero descends into a hell-like area (land of the dead?). His return is like returning from the dead. Symbolically goes where normal humans can’t and finds truth about self.

The hero may just die symbolically or people may think he’s dead for a while.

Slide19

Atonement (Payment for Wrongdoing) with

FatherHero either redeems father’s evil

deeds, his own mistakes,

or gains recognition by his

father, creator, god, or parent figure.

Slide20

Apotheosis

Hero is treated as a god (deified) or is rewarded spiritually at the end of his life

Slide21

Ultimate Boon/Magic Elixir

Sometimes the hero steals or receives something that benefits humans, such as fire, an elixir of long life, or a

bride.

Slide22

The Return

Because of the new knowledge, the hero may not want to returnThere is a flight from a pursuer which marks the return back to the known worldOnce the hero returns, he is a product of 2 worlds with strong powers. He restores and heals societySometimes the society accepts his gifts while other times they may not be ready.

Slide23

A Few Examples of Archetypal

JourneysThe quest for identity

The

quest for vengeance

The warrior’s journey to save his people

The search for love (to rescue the princess/damsel in distress)

The journey in search of knowledge

The tragic quest: penance or self-denial

The fool’s errand

The quest to rid the land of danger

The grail quest (the quest for human perfection)


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