1854-1860. What’s Happening?. In March 1857, the Supreme Court rules that Dred Scott is not a citizen because of his race. . The . decision goes even further, stating Congress has no authority to exclude slavery from any part of the nation or its territories. . ID: 544903
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The Impending Crisis
In March 1857, the Supreme Court rules that Dred Scott is not a citizen because of his race.
decision goes even further, stating Congress has no authority to exclude slavery from any part of the nation or its territories.
Missouri Compromise is therefore ruled
For years South Carolina had talked about secession (1830’s Tariff issue).
Talk of secession
had become a perpetual threat…. The tide begins to shift because of a clash of interests (between 1820-1854) abolition of slavery
Remember the word is
1854~The Kansas-Nebraska Act
of 1854 created the territories
, opening new lands for settlement, and had the effect of
by allowing white male settlers in those territories to determine through
Southerners tried to buy Cuba-Spanish would not sell. Southerners wanted to take the island by force, Northerners were outraged by this thought.Slide6
1855-56Resulted after the Compromise of 1850; giving territory popular sovereigntyJohn Brown killed 5 pro-slavery menBelieved to be doing God’s workBleeding Kansas was a huge event prior to the Civil WarViolence would continue in KS until the beginning of the warThe Abolitionists (start @ 2:40-9:40)Slide7Slide8
Preston Brooks (Rep. from SC) beats Charles Sumner near death
Sumner was pinned under a desk that was bolted to the floor (he couldn’t run away)
Brooks stopped only when his cane broke
The Senate did not have enough votes to get rid of Brooks
Brooks paid a $300 fine for assault and was re-elected
Sumner would go on to have traumatic brain injury/ spend 3 yrs. in treatment
‘It was slavery, not he, that struck the first blow’Slide10
John Brown~Domestic Terrorist or National Hero?
“Now, if it is deemed necessary that I should forfeit my life for the furtherance of the ends of justice, and mingle my blood further with the blood of my children and with the blood of millions in this slave country whose rights are disregarded by wicked, cruel, and unjust enactments, I say, let it be done.” John BrownSlide11
1857~Dred Scott Decision
Split in Two: the Dred Scott Decision (app. 6 min)Dred Scott v. Sanford (1857)Dred & Harriet Scott were slaves who had been brought to the free state of Illinois & then to free territory of Wisconsin by Dr. EmersonAfter Emerson’s death, Scott sued for their freedom
Does a slave (who is not a citizen) have the right to bring a case to Federal Court?
Does a slave become a free person when he or she resides in a free state/territory?
Decision: Supreme Court ruled against Scott.
Scott was a slave, not a citizen, could not bring suit to federal courtSlide12
Dred Scott decision
Supreme Court stated that slaves were propertyCourt went on to say, Constitution allows right to propertyMissouri Compromise is unconstitutional because it prohibits slavery (property) in portions of Louisiana TerritorySlide13
1858~ Lincoln-Douglas Debates (:41)
Illinois state election
campaignIssues discussedPopularity sovereigntyLecompton ConstitutionDred ScottDouglas won debates; but Lincoln will receive attention (beats Douglas in 1860 presidential election)Slide14
Slavery could not exist without laws to protect it-territorial legislatures would have the final say on the slavery question. Argued by Stephen Douglas in response to Lincoln’s ‘Freeport Question’Slide15
Harpers Ferry Raid-1859
Time Trial of John Brown
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