The Impending Crisis

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The Impending Crisis




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Presentations text content in The Impending Crisis

Slide1

The Impending Crisis

1854-1860

Slide2

What’s Happening?

In March 1857, the Supreme Court rules that Dred Scott is not a citizen because of his race.

The

decision goes even further, stating Congress has no authority to exclude slavery from any part of the nation or its territories.

The

Missouri  Compromise is therefore ruled

unconstitutional

.

Slide3

<Quick Review>

For years South Carolina had talked about secession (1830’s Tariff issue).

Talk of secession

had become a perpetual threat…. The tide begins to shift  because of a  clash of interests (between 1820-1854)  abolition of slavery 

vs

. territorial

expansion.

Remember the  word is  

COMPROMISE

Slide4

1854~The Kansas-Nebraska Act

The 

Kansas–Nebraska Act

 of 1854  created the territories

of 

Kansas

 and 

Nebraska

, opening new lands for settlement, and had the effect of

 repealing

 the 

Missouri Compromise

 of 182

0

 by allowing white male settlers in those territories to determine through 

popular sovereignty

Slide5

Ostend Manifesto

Southerners tried to buy Cuba-Spanish would not sell. Southerners wanted to take the island by force, Northerners were outraged by this thought.

Slide6

Bleeding Kansas

1855-56Resulted after the Compromise of 1850; giving territory popular sovereigntyJohn Brown killed 5 pro-slavery menBelieved to be doing God’s workBleeding Kansas was a huge event prior to the Civil WarViolence would continue in KS until the beginning of the warThe Abolitionists (start @ 2:40-9:40)

Slide7

Slide8

Charles Sumner

Slide9

The Caning…

Preston Brooks (Rep. from SC) beats Charles Sumner near death

Sumner was pinned under a desk that was bolted to the floor (he couldn’t run away)

Brooks stopped only when his cane broke

The Senate did not have enough votes to get rid of Brooks

Brooks paid a $300 fine for assault and was re-elected

Sumner would go on to have traumatic brain injury/ spend 3 yrs. in treatment

‘It was slavery, not he, that struck the first blow’

Slide10

John Brown~Domestic Terrorist or National Hero?

“Now, if it is deemed necessary that I should forfeit my life for the furtherance of the ends of justice, and mingle my blood further with the blood of my children and with the blood of millions in this slave country whose rights are disregarded by wicked, cruel, and unjust enactments, I say, let it be done.”   John Brown

Slide11

1857~Dred Scott Decision

Split in Two: the Dred Scott Decision (app. 6 min)Dred Scott v. Sanford (1857)Dred & Harriet Scott were slaves who had been brought to the free state of Illinois & then to free territory of Wisconsin by Dr. EmersonAfter Emerson’s death, Scott sued for their freedom

Constitutional Issues

Does a slave (who is not a citizen) have the right to bring a case to Federal Court?

Does a slave become a free person when he or she resides in a free state/territory?

Decision: Supreme Court ruled against Scott.

Scott was a slave, not a citizen, could not bring suit to federal court

Slide12

Dred Scott decision

Supreme Court stated that slaves were propertyCourt went on to say, Constitution allows right to propertyMissouri Compromise is unconstitutional because it prohibits slavery (property) in portions of Louisiana Territory

Slide13

1858~ Lincoln-Douglas Debates (:41)

Illinois state election

campaignIssues discussedPopularity sovereigntyLecompton ConstitutionDred ScottDouglas won debates; but Lincoln will receive attention (beats Douglas in 1860 presidential election)

Slide14

Freeport Doctrine

Slavery could not exist without laws to protect it-territorial legislatures would have the final say on the slavery question. Argued by Stephen Douglas in response to Lincoln’s ‘Freeport Question’

Slide15

Harpers Ferry Raid-1859

The Meteor

(5 min)

The

Time Trial of John Brown


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