Accreditation 101 Paul Bergeron, LELAP Supervisor

Accreditation 101 Paul Bergeron,          LELAP Supervisor Accreditation 101 Paul Bergeron,          LELAP Supervisor - Start

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Accreditation 101 Paul Bergeron, LELAP Supervisor - Description

LDEQ Laboratory, . Baton Rouge LA. December 8, 2008. 1. The NELAC Institute. 501(c)3 non-profit organization with members, managed by a Board of Directors. Organized into Programs that focus on the mission and vision of the organization. ID: 742804 Download Presentation

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Accreditation 101 Paul Bergeron, LELAP Supervisor




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Presentations text content in Accreditation 101 Paul Bergeron, LELAP Supervisor

Slide1

Accreditation 101

Paul Bergeron, LELAP SupervisorLDEQ Laboratory, Baton Rouge LADecember 8, 2008

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The NELAC Institute

501(c)3 non-profit organization with members, managed by a Board of DirectorsOrganized into Programs that focus on the mission and vision of the organization

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Current Status

The national program has achieved the following goals:13 AB’s> 2000 accredited laboratories

Recognized competency standard

The transition continues……

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Slide4

The NELAC Institute (TNI) NELAP Accreditation Bodies

1 CA Environmental Laboratory Accreditation Program 8 NJ Dept. of Environmental Protection2 FL Dept. of Health, Bureau of Laboratories 9 NY State Dept. of Health

3 ILEPA, Div. of Lab., QA Section 10 OR Health Division

4 KS Dept. of Health and Environment 11 PA Bureau of Labs., Dept. of

5 LA Dept. of Health and Hospitals Environmental Protection 6 LA Dept. of Environmental Quality 12 TX Commission on Environmental

7 NH Environmental Lab Accreditation Program on Environmental Quality

13 UT Department of Health

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5,6

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NUMBER OF NELAP-ACCREDITED LABORATORIES BY STATE

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There are over 2000

laboratories in the continental US, Alaska, Hawaii, Iceland, Canada, and Europe

participating in NELAP.

Slide6

Who Are Our TNI Members?

Organizations that accredit laboratoriesAccreditation Bodies

States that are not Accreditation Bodies

Federal Agencies that operate Accreditation Programs

Accredited laboratories

Commercial, Municipal, University, State, Federal, etc.

Others

State and Federal Agencies that do not operate accreditation programs

Data users, consultants, PT providers, vendors, etc.

Anyone interested in laboratory accreditation

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TNI Board of Directors

10 -18 DirectorsBalanced Stakeholder representation

At least 3 Accreditation Bodies

At least 3 Accredited Laboratories

Others

Election for three vacancies was held in February 2008

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What is the NELAP Board?

Representatives (and alternates) of the AB’s who are appointed by their respective state agenciesTasked with 3 objectives:Adopting an accreditation system

Adopting acceptance limits for PTs

Recognizing other accreditation bodies

Board is governed by a chair and assisted by a TNI program administrator

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Slide9

The NELAC Institute

PO Box 2439, Weatherford TX 76086 Jerry Parr, Executive Director Phone: 817-598-1624

Email:

jerry.parr@nelac-institute.org

URL:

http://www.NELAC-Institute.org

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LDEQ-LELAP

602 North 5th Street, Baton Rouge LA 70802 Paul Bergeron, Supervisor

Phone: 225-219-3247

Email:

Paul.Bergeron@LA.GOV

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LELAP

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Accreditation Application

Electronic copy available on websiteMust include application feeMust include copy of Quality Assurance Manual and list of SOPsMust include proficiency test results

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Analytical Data Packages

Submitted in lieu of proficiency test results when there are no approved proficiency test samplesDefined as including all analytical method, technical information, and quality assurance resultsIf facility is not performing the method, it must provide data as specified by the reference method calibration or quality control requirements

at a minimum

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Confidential Business Information

See LAC 33:I.503Must be declared before an assessment beginsMaterials granted CBI status will be locked with restricted accessRequest must be renewed every two years

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Renewal vs. Annual Fees

All fees are non-refundable3 year application renewal fees--$660 submitted with the renewal applicationAnnual Membership Fees--$594 to $1980/Major or Minor Test Category dependent

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Test Categories

MetalsMicrobiologyBiomonitoringClassical Wet Chemistry (nutrients, minerals, ions, demands, and coliforms)

Minor conventional parameters

Organics (semi-volatiles, volatiles, pesticides, herbicides, and PCB’s)

Dioxins and Furans

Radiochemistry

Asbestos

Geotechnical Soil Testing

Air Pollutants

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Minor Conventional Parameters

BOD5, Hexane-Extractable Material, TSS, Fecal & Total Coliform, and Residual Chlorine ONLY

Cost--$264

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Schedules

Renewal Application—every 3 yearsAnnual Fees—every yearAssessments—every two yearsStack tester assessments include home base and field assessments

Field assessments may be static (demonstration only) and combined with home base. Assessment possible @ LDEQ Laboratory

Proficiency Tests and Analytical Data Packages—Twice a year~6 months apart

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ASSESSMENT TEAMS

Assessment teams are comprised of assessors from LELAP and/or contract companies.Third party assessments will be assigned at random.Most assessments require at least two assessors.

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Pre-Assessment Materials

Includes checklists, standard operating procedures, and data packagesFacilities are requested to complete and return the checklist prior to assessmentOffsite reviews reduce travel time to assessor and visiting time for laboratory

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LELAP STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES (SOP’s)

LELAP staff meet with contractors to ensure consistency in assessments.Upon recommendations from the meetings, LELAP revises its SOP’s.Changes are made based on issues discussed during the meetings.

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Method Update Rule (MUR)

Promulgated on March 12, 2007 by EPATook effect April 12, 2007Published in the 40 CFR 136.Removed approximately 200 old EPA methods from the list of approved methods for the Clean Water Act and Safe Drinking Water Act.

Approved the use of Standard Methods 18

th

, 19

th

and 20

th

editions and Standard Methods online.

Addendum to rule recognized equivalency of selected Standard Methods from 21

st edition and Standard Methods online.

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Scope Amendments

Free of charge, unless a new test category is requestedRequest must be submitted in hard copy, accompanied by one round of proficiency test results (state) or two (NELAP)No addition amendments are allowed during the assessment process

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eNewsletter

LELAP posts a quarterly newsletter with topics of interest to accredited laboratories and clients of the LDEQ laboratory

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Intense Management

For facilities with largely unapproved first draft of corrective action planConducted by teleconference or meetingGoal is to eliminate repeat findings and more than two drafts of corrective action plan

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The Next Accreditation 101

“Accreditation 101” is accepting reservations—please contact LELAPLocation and month to be determined

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Questions?

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Preparing for and Responding to Accreditation Audits & Recurring Findings of Accreditation Audits

Paul Bergeron LELAP SupervisorLDEQ Laboratory,

Baton Rouge, LA

December 8, 2008

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Common Findings

Failure to have correct and up-to-date standard operating procedures (SOPs)Failure to document required information in Quality Assurance Manual (QAM)

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Common Findings (cont)

Failure to demonstrate method proficiency by the analystFailure to establish quality control acceptance criteria

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Common Findings (cont.)

Failure to notify the Department of modifications to methodsFailure to maintain training records

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Common Findings (cont.)

Failure to conduct annual management reviews and internal auditsImproper error correction technique

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Common Findings (cont.)

Failure to submit analytical data packages in lieu of proficiency test results when proficiency tests are not availableFailure to implement corrective action plan

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Corrective Action Process

Resolving findings and non-compliance the first time and eliminating recurring findings

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Recurring Findings

Assessments are a snapshot of the laboratory operation--They are not intended to find everythingRecurring findings are a big problem

Accreditation Bodies (AB’s) do not take kindly to laboratories not taking comprehensive corrective actions

The Quality Systems (QS) approach to corrective actions requires that findings be addressed in all areas of the laboratory

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Recurring Findings (cont.)

It is management’s responsibility to address each finding and make sure that it is not occurring in any other area of the laboratory.

Corrective action must address the problems in all areas and for all staff.

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Recurring Findings (cont.)

Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) are technically incorrect, do not follow the reference method, or are not implemented.Lack of training of management and staff to

The 2003 NELAC standard

The Louisiana Administrative Code (LAC)

The laboratory quality system documentation

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Recurring Findings (cont.)

Lack of documentation of TrainingDemonstrations of CapabilityCorrective Actions

Internal Audits

Annual Reviews by Management

Lack of implementation of corrective action and occurrence of recurring findings.

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Assessment Sequence

Quality SystemSOPs and Methods

Review of 1) and 2)

Compliance

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Quality System Tools

Include Annual Management Review

Internal Audits

Proficiency Testing

Training

Corrective Action

Internal audits are one of the most important tools that management has to determine how the operation is functioning.

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QS Tools (cont.)

Corrective actions are the best mechanism forContinuous improvement

Assuring that you are not fixing the same problems time after time after time—re-inventing the wheel

Spotting trends and establishing a preventative action process

Maintaining accreditation requirements

Using the corrective action plan (format provided in assessment report) is

mandatory

—it is not optional

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Corrective Action Process

The problems with most corrective action processes areonly address the short term—the quick fix

these “solutions” don’t last (Recurring Findings)

process is not used for all corrections—lacks a comprehensive approach

only used by select management—not a “grass roots” program

does not address the root cause

all staff are not trained and encouraged to use the process

no follow through and monitoring

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Closing Corrective Actions

Analyze—identify the root cause: people

Update the QS document

Train

Implement Corrective Action (CA)

Verify compliance

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Symptoms vs. Root Cause

SymptomsFacility has not performed proficiency tests

Non-compliant data set is missing data qualifiers

Root Cause

Management and staff are not familiar with standards or regulations

Analysts are not trained to QS documents

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Root Cause Analysis

Clearly define the non-conformance. Refer to the Standard.Ask some questions…

Why did this occur?

How did this happen?

Has this occurred before?

Where did the previous solution fail?

Which of the foundation systems is affected?

Fix the symptom…or fix the problem?

Is the solution documented?

Is the change monitored?

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Slide46

Root Cause Analysis

Error corrections are not performed according to the quality manual and the NELAC Standard in the QA department, metals extractions and sample receiving.

Two of the four analysts in the volatile organics area do not follow the requirements of the SOP. The analysis does not match the test method requirements.

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Corrective Action Plan Examples: Approved

The Finding: “Management has failed to implement processes/procedures for establishing that personnel are adequately trained or experienced in the duties they are expected to perform. The training program is not well-defined and has little structure. Training to perform test methods is inconsistent as a result. Training to perform a test method is dependent on the individual abilities, knowledge, and memory of the analyst providing the training without any program details. “

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Corrective Action Plan Examples: Approved

The Finding (cont’d.)Analysts are not qualified on the basis of education or experience or skill;Management does not formulate goals with respect to education, experience, and skill;

There is no procedure for identification of training needs;

The laboratory fails to maintain adequate job descriptions for each laboratory position.

Records of relevant qualifications are not maintained;

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Corrective Action Plan Examples: Approved

The Finding (cont’d.)The Quality Manager:is not knowledgeable in the quality system as defined under NELAC (5.4.1.5.i),Does not have a general knowledge of the analytical test methods for which data review will need to be performed. The acting Quality Manager is familiar with inorganic methods, but not organic methods or microbiology methods,

does not have a knowledge of the LIMS audit trail, and

Does not have a knowledge of the LIMS sample processing

que

.

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Corrective Action Plan Examples: Approved

The Finding (cont’d.)The analysts responsible for performing Method 8310 have not been provided training in the operation and maintenance of HPLC, HPLC theory and principles, troubleshooting, or the use of the software, including the ability to perform manual integrations when the HPLC software improperly identifies a peak or improperly integrates a peak;

The new organic section manager has also not been trained in the software for organics analysis regarding the ability to manually integrate peaks when necessary;

Analysts have not been properly trained regarding the calibration and quantification of target analytes

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Corrective Action Plan Examples: Approved

The PlanProcess and procedures will be established to assure personnel are trained or experienced to perform assigned duties. This will be accomplished by preparing a matrix that will outline the training requirements for each specific method or type of analysis. The requirements will include the definitive method as well as all relevant support and ancillary activities related to the method.

 

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Corrective Action Plan Examples: Approved

The Plan (cont’d.)In general, the matrix will outline the following typical requirements:The core method and its SOPEducation requirements (also see Finding #2)

Relevant QAM Sections that must be thoroughly understood

General laboratory SOPs and procedures, such as those on Data Integrity and Data Review

Relevant ancillary SOPs and methods, such as those related to balances and thermometers

SOPs directly related to the analysis performed, such as Manual Peak Integration for organics

DOC documentation

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Slide53

Corrective Action Plan Examples: Approved

The Plan (cont’d.)Initial outlines will be available and implemented by April 1, 2008. These outlines will be reviewed and expanded as required in order to clearly document and track

training requirements, training results, and additional training needs. These completed outlines will be filed with the employee’s training records.

Ms. A will prepare the initial outlines. Mr. B and Mr. C will provide the required training, and Mr. C, in his new capacity as QAM,

will ensure

the documents

are completed

as required.

 

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Corrective Action Plan Examples: Approved

The Plan (cont’d.)In order to facilitate training and assure completion, this training requirement has been added to the list of training topics in attachment 04-A, and it has been entered as one of the QC checklist items in attachment 08-C. 

Attachments:

 

04-A List of training meeting items

08-C QC checklist

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Corrective Action Plan Examples: Not Approved

The FindingThe laboratory does not have explicit procedures for protecting electronic data.

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Corrective Action Plan Examples: Not Approved

The PlanThe current manuals do not include reference to the use of and antivirus software for the protection of data files and reports. The manuals will be modified to include this information.

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Corrective Action Plan Examples: Not Approved

The LELAP responseThe corrective action plan does not completely address the finding on protecting electronic data. The use of antivirus software alone does not constitute protection of electronic data. Please provide details of how the laboratory will back-up electronic data. Further, your corrective action plan does not indicate how modification or revision of the quality manual or SOP will be documented; how employees will be trained to the new procedure in protecting electronic data, or how the effectiveness of the training will be verified in the future. Please provide the language in your QAM or SOP that corrects the findings identified above.   A procedure must be a concrete description of the actions you perform.

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Management Reviews

NELAC Standard Chapter 558

Slide59

5.4.14 Management Reviews

5.4.14.1 In accordance with a predetermined schedule and procedure, the laboratory’s executive management shall periodically and at least annually conduct a review of the laboratory’s quality system and environmental testing activities to ensure their continuing suitability

and

effectiveness

, and to introduce necessary

changes or improvements

.

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5.4.14 Management Reviews (cont.)

5.4.14.1…the review shall take account of

the suitability of policies and procedures;

reports from managerial and supervisory personnel;

the outcome of recent internal audits;

corrective and preventative actions;

assessments by external bodies;

the results of proficiency tests;

changes in the volume and type of work;

client feedback;

complaints; and

other relevant factors, such as quality control activities, resources and staff training.

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5.4.14 Management Reviews (cont.)

5.4.14.2 Findings from management reviews and the actions that arise from them shall be recorded. The management shall ensure that those actions are carried out within an appropriate and agreed timescale. The laboratory shall have a procedure for review

by management and

maintain

records

of review findings and actions.

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Management Review Elements

Policies and ProceduresAre our policies up-to-date and relevant to our operations?

If not, what needs to be changed?

Are our procedures up-to-date?

Do written procedures accurately reflect what is being done?

Do we need to change how things are being done?

Are changes that were made last year effective? If not, why not?

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Management Review Elements (cont.)

Reports from Managerial and Technical StaffWhat issues are identified?

Technical

Routine Analytical Work

Method Development Activities

Quality Control and Quality Assessment

Administrative

Client Requirements

Staffing Issues

Building Issues

How can they be resolved?—What actions will be taken?

Of actions taken in the previous business year, which were effective? If not, why not, and how to improve.

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Management Review Elements (cont.)

Audits—Current Business YearInternal and External AuditsWhat was found?

What are the recommended corrective actions?

Implementation Recommendations?

Available Resources?

Proficiency Tests

How did we do?

Reasons for failures and recommended corrective actions

Implement Recommendations

Available Resources?

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Management Review Elements (cont.)

Audits—Previous Business YearInternal and External AuditsWere Corrective Actions Implemented?

If not, why not?

Proficiency Tests

Compared to current year, did we do better/worse?

Were Corrective Actions Implemented?

If not, why not?

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Management Review Elements (cont.)

Client Satisfaction/FeedbackComplaintsTypes

Resolutions?

Comparison with previous year—did we improve?

Services--types

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Management Review Elements (cont.)

Employee Satisfaction/FeedbackTurnover

Work Environment

Training

Benefit Packages

Employee Evaluations

Incentives/Recognition Programs

Ethics

EEOC Issues

Health and Safety Plan

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Management Review Elements (cont.)

Preventive MeasuresHow can we prevent recurrences of problems in audits, client relations or other areas?

Preventative Measures from the Previous Business Year

Were they implemented?

Was there improvement?

If not, why not?

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Management Review Elements (cont.)

Changes from Previous YearWhat has changed over the past year?Client base

Work volume

Requested analyses

Personnel

Physical facilities

Impacts and Effects

Do we need change? If so, what?

Do we need additional resources?

Do we need to cut back on services?

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Documenting Management Reviews

FormalAnnual ReportsPublish Results of Meetings

Document all Reviews

Informal

Meeting Minutes

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Preparing for and Responding to Audits & Recurring Findings of Accreditation Audits complete….

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Questions?

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Laboratory Issues/Challenges

An Open ForumLDEQLaboratory

Baton Rouge, LA

December 8, 2008

73


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