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Najelu Najelu

Najelu - PowerPoint Presentation

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Uploaded On 2016-02-26

Najelu - PPT Presentation

dasun ono igajagi yoja Kopi hanjanui yeoyureul aneun pumgyeok inneun yeoja Bami om ya shimjangi bdeugeowojineun yeoja Geureon banjeon ID: 231910

students listening learners www listening students www learners text pre post http practice questions coffee language activities youtube listen

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Slide1
Slide2
Slide3
Slide4

Najelu

dasun

ono

igajagi

yoja

Kopi

hanjanui

yeoyureul

aneun

pumgyeok

inneun

yeoja

Bami

om

ya

shimjangi

bdeugeowojineun

yeoja

Geureon

banjeon

inneun

yeojaSlide5

Top Down and

Botton

Up Listening

Top Down

It

focuses on macro-features of discourse such as the speaker's purpose and

the discourse topic.

Botton

Up

Identify

sounds or lexical items according to their linguistic function.

Use phonological cues to distinguish between positive and negative sentences or statements and questions.Slide6

Reciprocal Listening

Non-reciprocal listening

Movies

https://www.ted.com

/

www.esl-lab.com

www.listenaminute.com

Slide7

Listening Practice

To involve our students in the listening practice we can:

Give students a degree of choice

Let them bring something of themselves to the task

Let students to bring their background knowledge and experiences to the classroom

Give the students the opportunity to develop a reflective attitudeSlide8

RAISING STUDENTS AWARENESS OF THE FEATURES OF REAL-WORLD LISTENING INPUTSlide9

Somebody

told

me

you

once

did some

busking

. Is that right?

http://www.voki.com/php/viewmessage/?chsm=3eeb6e3253ef1e3fd7c7631cbf674414&mId=2238150Slide10

Written

text

I

went

busking once in Hong Kong

during

the summer holidays. However, I am

not sure

whether

it

was

while

I

was

still

at

university

or

after

I

had

just

left

.Slide11
Slide12

TIME CREATING DEVICES

Pause

fillers

: «

um

», «

urh

», «eh»

Transitions

: Likewise, Similarly,

however, on

the

contrary

, in

addition

Repetitions

:

internal

summary

Repair

conversions

(

reformulations

)

Cut-offs

(false

starts

)Slide13

THE USE OF FALICITATION DEVICES

Use of

less

complex

structures

Ellipses

: «yes, I

did»Use of fixed

and conventional

phrases

«

you

know

»

«I mean»

«

well

»

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8GfbZpT9WwASlide14

THE USE OF COMPENSATION DEVICES

Redundancy

in natural

speech

does

allow

the listener some

processing time.

Repetition

Reformulation

rephrasingSlide15
Slide16

AWARENESS-RAISING EXERCISES

Spoken

text

/

written

text

Students

write

semi-scripted simulated

authentic

speeches

Brief

notes

or

flow

charts

Role-

play

situation

Play

stracts

of

students

talk

Students

identify

pause

fillers

,

repetition

Slide17

The changing face of ListeningSlide18

Presenting grammar

Presented dialogues about structures (only type of listening practice most learners received).

Effort was place for learners to speak.

In order to follow a conversation, we have to understand what is being said.Slide19

Late 1960s

Pre-listening:

Pre-teaching of all important new vocabulary in the passage

Listening

Extensive listening

Intensive listening Post-listening

Analysis of the language in the text.

Listen and repeat: teacher pauses the tape, learners repeat wordsSlide20

PRE-LISTENING

CRITICAL WORDS

Pre-teaching has been discontinued.

Key words = Absolutely indispensable.

PRE-LISTENING ACTIVITIES

B

rainstorming

V

ocabulary

Reviewing areas of grammarDiscussing the topicSlide21

LISTENING

THE INTENSIVE/EXTENSIVE DISTINCTION

Recording is to be played twice

Normalization

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qz658-9ZOCc

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ua7nyAaf3pE

PRESET QUESTIONS

W: This coffee is really terrible.

M: I couldn't agree more.

N: What does the man mean?

(A) He would like more coffee.

(B) He thinks the woman should complain.

(C) He also dislikes the coffee.

(D) He thinks the coffee is acceptable.Slide22

LISTENING TASKS

Labelling, selecting, drawing and form filling.

Real Life

Reliable way of checking understanding.

Individual responses

AUTHENTIC MATERIALS

Naturalness

of

language

Real-life listening experienceSlide23

STRATEGIC LISTENING

Listening to a foreign language is a strategic activity.

Guess in order to connect:

Cautious students

Risk takers.Slide24

Post-ListeningSlide25

How well the students have understood what they listened to.Slide26

The listen and repeat phase

Has been dropped as well,

o

n the argument that it

i

s tantamount to parroting.

This is not entirely fair.Slide27

The post-listening stage comprises all the exercises which are done after listening to the text. Slide28

Post-listening activities allow the learners to ‘reflect’ on the language from the

passage.Slide29

Activities for Post-ListeningSlide30

Answering multiple-choice or true/false questions to show comprehension of messages. Slide31

Summarizing Slide32

Debates

Interviews

DiscussionsSlide33

Listen and Fill in the Blanks

Work:

http

://

saberingles.com.ar/listening/218.html

Slide34

http://

www.tolearnenglish.com/exercises/exercise-english-2/exercise-english-1936.php

Slide35

T

eachers

need to prepare learners psychologically for the

listening activity.Slide36

Bibliography

http://www.ets.org/toefl/pbt/prepare/sample_questions/listening_comprehension_practice_section1

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