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      Violence against Women The Health Sector Responds Violence against women t
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physical and/or sexual violencephysical and/or sexual violencewill experienceby an intimate partner at some point in her life. Violence against womentakes many forms, including: Intimate partner violence, including physical, sexual, Sexual violence, conflict-related sexual violence Trafficking Honour killings Female mutilation Forced and early The most common type of violence experienced by women is intimate partner violence. This variation shows that is preventable % 15 % …but prevalence varies from country to country.Prevalence also varies It occurs in all countries of the worldStudies from different countries show that the percentage of women 15 to 49 years old experienced physical and/or sexual violence by an intimate partnerin their lifetime ranges from Violence against women hasserious health consequences.Economic Impact Unintended pregnancies, induced abortionsDeathSexually transmitted infections, including HIV Harmful use of tobacco, drugs, and alcohol Depression, post-traumatic stress disorder $€¥£ Costs of intimate partner and sexual violence for countries are very high. They include the provision of health, social, and legal services and costs of lost earnings. 15 % Violence against womenaffects the whole family. Not receive healthcareHave behavioural, emotional, and schooling problemsSmokeHave unsafe sex who grew up with violence in the home are more likely to perpetrate or experience intimate partner violence. Children exposed to intimate partner are more likely to: As adolescents, they are more likely to: Violence against women is rooted in gender inequalityPrograms to reduce intimate partner violence need to address risk factors at multiple levels.History of violence Parenting programmesprevent child maltreatmentMale control Programmes targeting men promote gender equitable attitudes that Programmes promoting through media, community mobilization, schools, and religious institutions Male partner'sharmful use of Reducing availability and Women's lack of education and Laws, policies, and programmes that promote employment and microcredit, girls' access to education, and that ban or prohibit violence Risk FactorLevelRelationshipCommunity To prevent and respond to violence against women, multiple sectors of society must work togetherThe health sector plays a key role in preventing and responding to Stop about prevalence, risk factors, and health consequencesfor the recognition of violence against women as a public health problemto address violence against womenprevention programmesCollect data comprehensive health services ProvideAdvocate Prevent violence A www.communicatehealth.com Web Resourceshttp://www.who.int/violence_injury_prevention/violence/http://www.who.int/reproductivehealth/topics/violence/en/WHO ResourcesWHO (2005). Multi-country study on women's health and domestic violence against women. http://www.who.int/gender/violence/who_multicountry_study/en/WHO (2010). Preventing intimate partner and sexual violence against women: Taking action and generating evidence. http://www.who.int/violence_injury_prevention/violence/activities/intimate/en/WHO (2013). Responding to intimate partner violence and sexual violence against women. WHO/NMH/VIP/PVL/13.1. © WHO, 2013. All rights reserved

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