England in the 1100’s and 1200’s

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England in the 1100’s and 1200’s

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England in the 1100’s and 1200’s



In 1066 William I took control of England.

In 1086, he created the


Book, which listed every castle, field, pigpen in England.This allowed for William to create an efficient tax-collecting system.



Henry II (1154-1189)

Well-educated king who expanded royal law and created the jury system.Created the basis for the English common law- law for all people.


Henry II Vs. The Church

Henry took away power from the courts that were run by the Church and created royal courts. Church officials charged with crimes would merely get a slap on the wrist in Church courts.


Thomas Becket

Henry’s close friend and the archbishop of Canterbury.Disagreed with weakening the Church authority and opposed Henry.


What to do with Thomas Becket?


December 29, 1170

4 knights take it upon themselves to kill the archbishop, who is killed at his own cathedral.

Henry is publicly blamed and supposedly felt remorseful as he allowed 80 monks to flog him with branches.


John I


1.) Lost land in France.

2.) Was excommunicated by Pope Innocent III and an interdict issued over England.

3.) Ran up a large national debt and forced nobles to pay heavy taxes.


The Nobles were fed up!

They dragged John to a field called


and forced him to sign the

Magna Carta- a document limiting the power of the king.


Two themes of Magna Carta

The Nobles were recognized in having certain rights.

The king must obey the law.


The Great Council becomes the English Parliament.

Parliament consists of a two house body:

1.) House of lords- nobles and clergy

2.) House of Commons- knights and middle class citizens.


France in the 900’s


Hugh CapetThe Count of Paris and 1

st of the Capetian kings.Ruled in the late 900’s.


Philip AugustusTook over English lands in France.

Standing ArmyNational tax systemPhysically: bald, red-faced, drank and ate too much


Louis IXEliminated serfdom

Centralized French government


Philip IV (Philip the Fair)

Taxed the clergy; had Pope Boniface VIII killed.

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