The Greek City-States - PowerPoint Presentation

The Greek City-States
The Greek City-States

The Greek City-States - Description


POLIS THE CENTER OF GREEK LIFE Organization of the City State Acropolis Usually at the top of the hill Often was fortified Public Temples and buildings were often found on the Acropolis ID: 512580 Download Presentation

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Slide1

The Greek City-States

POLIS: THE CENTER OF GREEK LIFESlide2

Organization of the City -State

Acropolis:

Usually at the top of the hill; Often was fortified.

Public Temples and buildings were often found on the Acropolis.

Agora:

Usually served as a market place; meeting place for Greeks.Slide3

Community of the City-State

POLIS:

A city-state in which Greeks shared common goals, government, and culture.

City-State

: Loyalties were extremely high but that caused much DISTRUST against one another (Think: AHS vs. another school)Slide4

STYLES OF FIGHTING

In the 900s BC, much of the fighting was done by aristocrats on horseback; they were wealthy landowners.

By 700BC, military tactics began to changeSlide5

NEW MILITARY TACTICS

HOPLITES:

Heavily armed infantry soldiers (foot soldiers) who carried a shield, a short sword, and a spear.

PHALANX:

They marched shoulder to shoulder in this formation; often made a rectangular formation.Slide6

Greek Colonies

Between 750-550 BC, Greeks began to look for new farmland; getting crowded at home.

They went to: Southern coast of Italy, southern France, eastern Spain, and northern Africa. In the north, they went to THRACE.

They also settled along what is now ISTANBULSlide7

AS A RESULT…

What happened, do you think, as a result of Greeks moving away from the mainland?

(Think economics!!!)

What kind of POLITICAL DILEMMAS could occur? (Think $$)Slide8

Tyranny in the City-States

GREEK TYRANTS:

Were rulers who seized power by force from the aristocrats.

Support came from the NEW MONEY (the newly rich)

The poor also supported the tyrants. Slide9

Did Tyranny Work?

They did try to help the poor—built new public works projects like marketplaces, temples, and walls.

This made the tyrants popular

However, the tyrants fell out of favor by the sixth century B.C.

Other governments began to form:

DEMOCRACY

, and

OLIGARCHYSlide10

Comprehension Check

How is our community organized? Compare it to the organization of Greek City-States

What kind of ground might be the most effective for the phalanx to succeed?

What role did tyrants play in the development of OTHER Greek forms of government?

Why would tyrants embark on public building programs?

Shom More....
By: celsa-spraggs
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Type: Public

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