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Phases of state administration development in Croatia

Special circumstances. The Croatian public administration was confronted with special circumstances related to its historical development:. - The dissolution of the Socialist Federative Republic of Yugoslavia.

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Phases of state administration development in Croatia






Presentation on theme: "Phases of state administration development in Croatia"— Presentation transcript:

Slide1

Phases of state administration development in Croatia

Slide2

Special circumstances

The Croatian public administration was confronted with special circumstances related to its historical development:

- The dissolution of the Socialist Federative Republic of Yugoslavia

- The struggle for the independence of the Croatian state

- The transition from a one-party to a

multi

-

party

political system

- The transition from an economy based on social ownership to a market economy with mostly private ownership structure

- war and destruction

Slide3

Development phases

1.

E

stablishment

phase started with independence gained in 1990 and finished with administrative reforms in

1993

2.

C

onsolidation

phase

1993-2001

3.

Europeanization

phase

was initiated with a new package of reform measures motivated mainly by the political decision to enter the process of

Europeanization

4.

M

odernisation

of the Croatian state administration.

Slide4

Establishment phase

The Constitution of 1990 introduced the semi-presidential

system

T

he

first significant reform of the territorial administrative system

began

in 1993

Slide5

Consolidation phase

From 1993 to 2001, public administration in Croatia developed in the conditions of

etatisation

, centralisation, and politicisation of an authoritarian

type

The first systematic law that regulated Croatian state administration was the Law on the System of State Administration of

1993

The key role in the new system was given to the regional, county level, as a supervisory and decreeing middle level between the central

government

on the one hand, and local units on the other

Slide6

Problems in the second phase

etatisation

(

a situation in which the state appropriates the public services from the former local self-government units, followed by redistribution of public revenues, responsibility, significance and power

)

c

entralisation

(or lack of decentralisation)

politicisation

of an authoritarian

type

Slide7

Europeanization phase

The previous semi-presidential system was substituted with the parliamentary

one

Croatian legislature began to harmonize the relevant provisions of national law with the European Charter of Local

Self-

Government

T

he

Stabilisation and Association Agreement

was signed

in 2001

Croatia was granted the candidate country status in June

2004

and became a member state in 2013

Slide8

Modernisation phase

Problems:

Corruption

Centralization

Problems in civil service/public administration employment

Lack of the technological modernization

Slide9

Aims

Main administrative principles to be achieved:

Reliability and predictability (legal certainty)

Openness and transparency

Accountability

Efficiency and effectiveness

Slide10

Reliability and predictability

The rule of law (“administration through law”)

Legal competence – public authorities can only decide on matters for which they have legal jurisdiction

Administrative discretion (discretionary powers – some degree of choice is left to the decision-maker)

Timeliness

Professionalism

Professional integrity (impartiality)

Slide11

Openness and transparency

Opennness – administration is available for outside scrutiny

Transparency – When examined closely, it can be ‘seen through’ for the purpose of supervision

Purpose: to protect public interest and prevent corruption

Slide12

Accountability

The administrative body is answerable for its actions to another administrative, legislative or judicial authorities

No authority is exempt from review by others

Slide13

Efficiency

Efficiency in the performance of public administration

a managerial value consisting in essence of maintaining a good ratio between resources employed and results attained

Slide14

Effectiveness

Effectiveness – ensuring that the performance of public administration is successful in achieving the goals and solving public problems set for it by law and government

Slide15

Croatian citizens consider that our public administration is:

- distant

- formal

- corrupted

-not proffesional

- expensive

True or false?

Slide16

Aims

reforms

to

ensure

better

legislation

,

synergies

between

policies

and

effective

management

of

public

policies

,

and

transparency

,

integrity

and

accountability

in

public

administration

and

spending

of

public

funds

;

development

and

implementation

of

human

resources

strategies

and

policies

;

enhancing

efficiency

of

administrative

services

;

Translate

the

above

!

Slide17

reforme koje jamče bolje zakonodavstvo, sinergije između politike i učinkovitog upravljanja javnom politikom te transparentnost, integritet i odgovornost u javnoj upravi i trošenju javnih sredstava;

razvoj i implementacija strategija i politika ljudskih resursa;

poticanje učinkovitosti administrativnih usluga;

Slide18

Translate into

English

:

Cilj je stvaranje institucija koje su stabilne i predvidljive, no istodobno i dovoljno fleksibilne da reagiraju na brojne društvene izazove, institucije koje su otvorene za dijalog s javnošću te sposobne provoditi nova rješenja i pružati bolje usluge . Ulaganja u strukture, ljudski kapital te sustave i alate u javnom sektoru usredotočena su na učinkovitiji organizacijski proces, moderno upravljanje, motivirane i sposobne javne službenike i suce.

Slide19

Suggested translation

The

objective

is to

create

institutions

which

are

stable

and

predictable

, but

also

flexible

enough

to

react

to

the

many

societal

challenges

,

open

for

dialogue

with

the

public

,

able

to

introduce

new

policy

solutions

and

deliver

better

services

.

The

investment

in

the

structures

, human

capital

and

systems

and

tools

of

the

public

sector

is

oriented

towards

more

efficient

organisational

processes

,

modern

management

,

motivated

and

skilled

civil

servants

.

Slide20

DISCUSS THE FOLOWING REPORT:

https://

ec.europa.eu/info/sites/info/files/20160422_deroose_zagreb_par_in_croatia.pdf

Slide21

Translate the

following

:

Reformom javne uprave

u Republici Hrvatskoj mora se omogućiti učinkovita provedba zakona i stvoriti transparentna, građanima orijentirana, racionalna, profesionalna, djelotvorna i učinkovita javna uprava. Takva javna uprava sastavni je dio učinkovitog poslovnog okruženja. Budući da djelokrug javnopravnih tijela obuhvaća gotovo sve segmente života društvene zajednice, bez kvalitetne javne uprave koja je sposobna provoditi odluke vlasti društvo stagnira ili nazaduje, stvara se nezadovoljstvo građana i poduzetnika, usporava se gospodarska aktivnost, a posljedice se odražavaju na sva društvena područja.

Slide22

Public administration reform in the Republic of Croatia should enable efficient application of law and create a transparent, public oriented, rational, professional, efficient and effective public administration. Such public administration is a constituent part of efficient business environment. Since the scope of public entities comprises almost all segments of community life, without quality public administration that is capable of implementing the government decisions society stagnates or moves backwards, dissatisfaction of citizens and entrepreneurs grows, economic activity is hindered and the consequences are felt in all social areas.

Slide23

Thank you for your attention!