Presentations text content in Cash Transfer Programme Participatory Consultation , Feasi
Cash Transfer Programme Participatory Consultation , Feasibility and Market Study in Burmese Refugee Camps
- Sharon Truelove
Edelweiss SilanTechnical Programme Director, TBCMarch 14, 2016Slide2Slide3
TBC 2016 Preparedness Programme in ThailandStrengthening Sustainable Development Capacities and Focusing Humanitarian Assistance to the Most Vulnerable
Participation and Governance
Economic and Social Development
TBC Strategic Direction
Food Assistance Targeted Food distributionPilot Cash Transfer ProgrammeCharcoal distribution Alternative Cooking Fuels/EnergyReturn planning
Nutrition Infant and Young Child Feeding, Therapeutic Feeding, Nursery School lunches, Nutrition surveillance, Return planning,
Community Management Preparedness ProgramCamp Management , Refugee Participation, Coordination of Basic Services, Protection and Accountability, Advocacy, Refugee led Preparedness and return planning
Shelter and Settlement Shelter Assistance, Settlement Management – Housing Policy, Disaster Risk Reduction, Settlement Planning Training ,Small scale construction and furniture making skills trainings,
Food Security and LivelihoodsCommunity AgricultureEntrepreneurship DevelopmentCommunity Livelihoods Management Return planning
Community Driven Natural Resource ManagementSlide4
Rice OilFish paste
Asia RemixYellow Split PeasSlide5
the feasibility of shifting partially or fully from TBC’s current commodity provision approach to a cash-based approach in the delivery of humanitarian assistance to refugees in the 10 camps along the Thai/Myanmar border
Refugees are understandably risk averse Around half of the refugees (51%) are hesitant to switch from ration to the “unknown” aspects of cashSlide7
Market chains are in vibrant operation Traders are keen to expand sales and have the means and capacity to do so. Abundant producersSufficient processorsNumerous large wholesalers, Abundant medium sized wholesalers (with private means to transport), Sufficient large scale haulage companies Numerous alternative independent transportersSlide8
Access to Financial Services and Credit
Larger camp shopkeepers have access to safe systems for sending or receiving money.
Beneficiaries and smaller vendors have restricted movement to access money transfer agencies.
Insufficient national identity documents for bank accounts or access to mobile phone reception.Slide9
> 50% will spend on food and cooking fuel.
ery little will spend on “non-essential” needs
Food spending decision –not spending on only rice staple (36%) but spread spending around nutritionally rich and diverse food groups.Slide10
4 of 9 camps are currently stockpiled.
Measures have been recommended to ease the transition towards shopkeeper and individual household stockpiling.Slide11
Cash transfer will help vulnerable groups access heavy goods easier as small shops are close to their houses more than distribution point.Slide12
Unconditional Cash Transfer
Unconditional cash is recommended.
Women as primary beneficiaries.
Means should be found outside CTP for
nutrition specific vulnerable groups
or by slightly adjusting the main CTP technical designSlide14
Staggered Programme Roll Out
Existing in camp market systems will require a period of time in order to scale up their operations to support a full cash programmed that will meet the volume of the main ration goods for the entire camp population.Slide15
Direct Cash Delivery to Beneficiaries
Refugees extremely limited access to sufficiently safe transfer mechanism.
Cash to be delivered for the pilot through existing systems using the bank accounts and then delivery by the vehicle of the community organization.
TBC will need to establish improved systems in readiness for the full cash
by negotiating with banks and security companies for them to deliver cash to camps.Slide16
Improving Market Access and Connectedness for Smaller Vendors
In the short term, smaller shopkeepers will be able to place orders with wholesalers through TBC camp office and that on payment, these wholesaler invoices will be paid through a TBC bank account until alternative sustainable relations can be established between shopkeepers and large wholesaler/ transporters.Slide17
Rainy Season Stockpiling Measures
Pre-rain lump sum payments alongside increasing support for household level storage
introduction to allow traders time to build storage capacity.
TBC buffer stocks
Hiring out of existing TBC warehousing
Cash for work to help improve and maintain roadsSlide18
A Monthly Minimum Cash Grant Amount
Recommended Ration Equivalent Monthly Cash Amount for Dry Season (THB)Recommended Ration Equivalent Monthly Cash Amount for Dry Season (THB)MRML410450Nu Po480500
Minimum amount based on the ration before Sep 2013 and likely real market price (at realistic purchasing and transportation systems for smaller shopkeepers.Slide19
Integrating the Cash Programme with Shelter and Livelihoods aspects
Large proportion of purchases that are made within camps to largely refugee owned businesses, bodes well for the potential multiplier effects of any future CTP, as many of the benefits should remain within camp.
The integration of a substantial income generation and livelihoods development
will be essential to maximize the multiplier benefits to refugees as well as for preparedness for return purposes.Slide20
Cash Sensitization Campaigns
TBC needs campaigns to convince
51% of households surveyed
who would prefer to stick to the existing in-kind, ration approach.
The poorest of the poor are usually most risk averse, and therefore a staggered roll out is recommended to allow reluctant individuals to observe the impacts on the neighbors before joining.Slide21
Background Readiness for CTP
Negotiation and advocacy with government authorities and donors
Staff training and recruitment
Financial service provider negotiation and preparation for
Establish solid baseline information
Initial Preparation for CTP
Rapid research and technical design assessments for CTP across remaining camps
Research and assessment of the strengths and weaknesses of the rice reductions and new CMT approach and its appropriateness for use within a CTP.
Traders and wholesaler briefings and capacity building, facilitation/establishment of associations for small traders, development of M&E systems, etc.Slide23
Preparing for ReturnSlide24