Cash Transfer Programme Participatory Consultation , Feasi

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Cash Transfer Programme Participatory Consultation , Feasi

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Cash Transfer Programme Participatory Consultation , Feasibility and Market Study in Burmese Refugee Camps

- Sharon Truelove

Edelweiss SilanTechnical Programme Director, TBCMarch 14, 2016



TBC 2016 Preparedness Programme in ThailandStrengthening Sustainable Development Capacities and Focusing Humanitarian Assistance to the Most Vulnerable


Organisational Development

Participation and Governance

Economic and Social Development


Emergency Response

Humanitarian Support

TBC Strategic Direction





Food Assistance Targeted Food distributionPilot Cash Transfer ProgrammeCharcoal distribution Alternative Cooking Fuels/EnergyReturn planning

Nutrition Infant and Young Child Feeding, Therapeutic Feeding, Nursery School lunches, Nutrition surveillance, Return planning,

Community Management Preparedness ProgramCamp Management , Refugee Participation, Coordination of Basic Services, Protection and Accountability, Advocacy, Refugee led Preparedness and return planning

Shelter and Settlement Shelter Assistance, Settlement Management – Housing Policy, Disaster Risk Reduction, Settlement Planning Training ,Small scale construction and furniture making skills trainings,

Food Security and LivelihoodsCommunity AgricultureEntrepreneurship DevelopmentCommunity Livelihoods Management Return planning

Community Driven Natural Resource Management


Food Basket

Rice OilFish paste


Asia RemixYellow Split Peas


Aimed to:



the feasibility of shifting partially or fully from TBC’s current commodity provision approach to a cash-based approach in the delivery of humanitarian assistance to refugees in the 10 camps along the Thai/Myanmar border




Refugees are understandably risk averse Around half of the refugees (51%) are hesitant to switch from ration to the “unknown” aspects of cash


Market Readiness

Market chains are in vibrant operation Traders are keen to expand sales and have the means and capacity to do so. Abundant producersSufficient processorsNumerous large wholesalers, Abundant medium sized wholesalers (with private means to transport), Sufficient large scale haulage companies Numerous alternative independent transporters


Access to Financial Services and Credit

Larger camp shopkeepers have access to safe systems for sending or receiving money.

Beneficiaries and smaller vendors have restricted movement to access money transfer agencies.

Insufficient national identity documents for bank accounts or access to mobile phone reception.


Spending Decisions

> 50% will spend on food and cooking fuel.


ery little will spend on “non-essential” needs

Food spending decision –not spending on only rice staple (36%) but spread spending around nutritionally rich and diverse food groups.


Stockpiling Issues

4 of 9 camps are currently stockpiled.

Measures have been recommended to ease the transition towards shopkeeper and individual household stockpiling.


Vulnerable Groups

Cash transfer will help vulnerable groups access heavy goods easier as small shops are close to their houses more than distribution point.




Unconditional Cash Transfer

Unconditional cash is recommended.

Women as primary beneficiaries.

Means should be found outside CTP for

nutrition specific vulnerable groups

or by slightly adjusting the main CTP technical design


Staggered Programme Roll Out

Existing in camp market systems will require a period of time in order to scale up their operations to support a full cash programmed that will meet the volume of the main ration goods for the entire camp population.


Direct Cash Delivery to Beneficiaries

Refugees extremely limited access to sufficiently safe transfer mechanism.

Cash to be delivered for the pilot through existing systems using the bank accounts and then delivery by the vehicle of the community organization.

TBC will need to establish improved systems in readiness for the full cash


by negotiating with banks and security companies for them to deliver cash to camps.


Improving Market Access and Connectedness for Smaller Vendors

In the short term, smaller shopkeepers will be able to place orders with wholesalers through TBC camp office and that on payment, these wholesaler invoices will be paid through a TBC bank account until alternative sustainable relations can be established between shopkeepers and large wholesaler/ transporters.


Rainy Season Stockpiling Measures

Pre-rain lump sum payments alongside increasing support for household level storage



introduction to allow traders time to build storage capacity.

TBC buffer stocks

Hiring out of existing TBC warehousing

Cash for work to help improve and maintain roads


A Monthly Minimum Cash Grant Amount

Recommended Ration Equivalent Monthly Cash Amount for Dry Season (THB)Recommended Ration Equivalent Monthly Cash Amount for Dry Season (THB)MRML410450Nu Po480500

Minimum amount based on the ration before Sep 2013 and likely real market price (at realistic purchasing and transportation systems for smaller shopkeepers.


Integrating the Cash Programme with Shelter and Livelihoods aspects

Large proportion of purchases that are made within camps to largely refugee owned businesses, bodes well for the potential multiplier effects of any future CTP, as many of the benefits should remain within camp.

The integration of a substantial income generation and livelihoods development


will be essential to maximize the multiplier benefits to refugees as well as for preparedness for return purposes.


Cash Sensitization Campaigns

TBC needs campaigns to convince

51% of households surveyed

who would prefer to stick to the existing in-kind, ration approach.

The poorest of the poor are usually most risk averse, and therefore a staggered roll out is recommended to allow reluctant individuals to observe the impacts on the neighbors before joining.


Background Readiness for CTP

Negotiation and advocacy with government authorities and donors

Stakeholders sensitization

Staff training and recruitment

Financial service provider negotiation and preparation for



Establish solid baseline information

Risk analysis


Initial Preparation for CTP

Rapid research and technical design assessments for CTP across remaining camps

Research and assessment of the strengths and weaknesses of the rice reductions and new CMT approach and its appropriateness for use within a CTP.

Traders and wholesaler briefings and capacity building, facilitation/establishment of associations for small traders, development of M&E systems, etc.


Preparing for Return


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