March  Annals of Forest Science INSTRUCTIONS FOR AUTHORS ARTICLES Annals of Forest Science publishes five types of papers Research papers  Review papers Opinion papers Letters to the editor and Dat
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March Annals of Forest Science INSTRUCTIONS FOR AUTHORS ARTICLES Annals of Forest Science publishes five types of papers Research papers Review papers Opinion papers Letters to the editor and Dat

See Aims and Scope for specific topics SUBMISSION Annals of Forest Science only accepts online submission at the following address httpswwweditorialmanagercomafsc The manuscript must be accompanied with a cover letter indicating the main aims of the

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March Annals of Forest Science INSTRUCTIONS FOR AUTHORS ARTICLES Annals of Forest Science publishes five types of papers Research papers Review papers Opinion papers Letters to the editor and Dat

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1 27 March 2014 Annals of Forest Science INSTRUCTIONS FOR AUTHORS ARTICLES Annals of Forest Science publishes five types of papers: Research papers , Review papers, Opinion papers, Letters to the editor and Data papers . See Aims and Scope for specific topics. SUBMISSION Annals of Forest Science only accepts online submission, at the following address: The manuscript must be accompanied with a cover letter indicating the main aims of the manu script, the type of paper, the novelty of the content, and how it fits within the scope of th e

journal (see Aims and Scope on the AFS website ). Failure to produce convincing arguments may result in immediate rejection of the manuscript. Annals of Forest Science uses a double-blind review process to warrant an optimal and fast review of the submitted manuscript. EDITORIAL PROCEDURE - GENERAL General presentation of manuscripts: The manuscripts should be double-spaced with margins of at least 3.5 cm at the top, bottom and sides. Lines should be numbered in the margins with a continuous numbering from the start of the manuscript. To make your submission

double- blind, do not reveal the identity of any author in the text. All co-authors will be informed of the submission by email. For each type of paper, you need to provide a title page : view the full details of a title page in the section practical steps for submission . Please make sure this information is not present in the body of the manuscript to avoid identification by referees. x Research papers should be concise, focused on new results and data, and no longer than about 10 printed pages (i.e., approximately 40000 characters including spaces, inclusive of figures that represent

approx. 2000 characters each, and tables). Long tables and similar
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2 27 March 2014 mat erial may be included free of charge as electronic-only material, i.e., they will not be

W criteria for acceptance include the quality of science (no logical flaw in the

demonstration, appropriate experimental design and relevant statistics), as well as the novelty of the findings. Annals of Forest Science does not publish case studies of regional or local interest, nor purely confirmative studies. The question addressed and the working hypotheses should be explicitly described at the end of the introduction. We are ready to publish technical papers, describing the development and application of new tools for research, where the tool has been tested against known standards. Research papers can also be devoted to the parameterisation of existing models. For the

structure of the manuscript see the practical steps for submission. x Review papers including meta analyses of earlier papers dealing with up to date advances in forest research and important debates about the topics in the scope of the journal. Review papers may be sponsored by the Editorial Board (and in this case the Open Access option will be offered free of charge), or submitted on the The length of review papers may vary according to the importance of the material Review manuscripts will be peer reviewe d like current research papers. For the structure of the manuscript see the practical

steps for submission x Opinion papers and etters to the editor , including responses to published papers and any other material allowing an interesting scientific debate. They should be submitted via the Editorial Manager with a brief cover letter providing a few clues about the topic addressed and the debate underlying the letter. Letters should be no longer than 5000 characters, and follow the usual rules of the journal. No abstract is required. Opinions and comments may be longer. They will be analysed by the editorial board and a decision about suitability for publication will be made in

two weeks. Letters to the editor will be published online rapidly. x Data paper : Data bases play an increasing role in forest and ecological sciences. While some large databases are currently available for data like forest production and inventories, plant and animal communities, carbon and nutrient cycles, there are many fields of research that produce data bases that are not publicly available are remain unknown. Such data bases remain frequently under valoris ed and analysed while they contain information that may of use for further analysis, novel questions and meta analyses. AFS

therefore decided to create a journal section devoted to data bases. A data paper should provide a clear and exhaustive description of the database, of its content and its potential use and all the metadata required to access the data base. Additional information will be made available about how to implement the preparation of such papers. Researcher using the data base will be able to cite the data paper and therefore acknowledge the origin of the data; they may also invite the data base providers a co authors to the new publication. A data paper should be arranged as follows: (i) (ii)

introduction presenting the main features and the potential use of the data base; (iii) brief description of the structure of the data-base and of the metadata (the detailed meta-data will be provided in a specific file); (iv) electronic access to the data base and conditions for the use of the data; (v) conclusion (vi) references, (vii) tables if any; (viii) captions of figures and (ix) figures if any.
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3 27 March 2014 For the title page, you need to provide the precise address where the data base may be accessed. Such da ta papers will be submitted to a technical review to

check for the quality and accuracy of the provided information and for the accessibility of the data base. Before submitting, please download a template for the metadata of the data base (data- set_paper.xlsx) from following address; This metad ata file will be attached to the paper and published on the same site. The metadata will provide all the links to the actual data, as well as the rules for access and potential re- use. In case the data are deposited to a specific repository like Dryad, the meta data file from the repository may be used

instead, but a copy needs be sent to AFS. Before submitting, please check that: x Your manuscript complies with the rules for length; please indicate the number of characters, figures and tables; Your manuscript was proofread by yourself and by the co-authors; x The language was revised by a professional science editor or a native English speaking colleague if there is any doubt about the clarity of the language (see the Web for addresses of usually reliable editors); x The structure of the manuscript follows the guidelines of AFS (line numbering, sections, reference presentation, quality of

the figures, etc). These guid elines are listed below x The title provides a clear insight to the contents of the paper, and links to the most important result; x The key message (40 words) provides a short view of the main results and potential applications of your findings; it shou ld be easy to understand for non specialists; x The abstract provides a clear view of the content of the paper, attracts potential readers (and citers!) and can be understood by any person with a background in forestry, in particular forest managers; The introducti on opens to a few explicit working hypotheses or

at least a few explicit research questions; if none is available, the manuscript may be directly returned to the authors x In case of a resubmission, the reference of the initial submission is provided. Ethical issues Submission of a manuscript implies that the work has not been published before; that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere; that its publication has been approved by all co-authors, if any, as well as by the responsible authorities tacitly or explicitly at the institute where the work has been carried out. The journal will not be held legally responsible should

there be any claim for compensation. The manuscripts need to comply with the ethical recommendation of the scientific community. Such recommendations are available in books and on-line material dedicated to publications ethics. Annals of Forest Science refers explicitly to the code published by the committee on publication ethics (COPE, ) and to the San Francisco declaration on Research Assessment (DORA, ). Several aspects are of particular importance. x authorship : we require a precise description of the contributions of the different co

authors; being a co author requires a significant contribution to the scientific content of the paper and at least a detailed reading and revision of the manuscript. Technical cont ributions are acknowledged at the end of the manuscript and do not open a right to authorship as such. An efficient co operation among co authors is a requisite for the quality of a paper;
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4 27 March 2014 x plagiarism : we indeed urge all authors to avoid any kind of pla giarism of whole or small fractions of earlier papers. AFS uses plagiarism detection software; x double submissions ; i.e.,

submissions of the same manuscript to two different journals are becoming a common occurrence; please be aware that this is fully a gainst the ethics of publication and that journals are exchanging information about this issue; x repeated publication of very similar information, or reuse of older data sets with no added value with respect to earlier publications should be avoided; reuse of data should be explicitly cited and justified in the cover letter. PRACTICAL STEPS FOR SUBMISSION Online Submission:


8;& Science , or go to . Please upload all of your manuscript files following the instructions given on the screen. Cover letter: Provide a cover letter indicating the main aims of the manuscript, the type of paper (research paper, review paper, letter to the editor/opinion paper, or data-base paper), the novelty of the content, and how it fits within the scope of the journal (see above and on the AFS website). Failure to produce convincing arguments may result in

immediate rejection of the manuscript. Title page: Join a separate file with the following required information. 1. Title of the article; 2.


7372;/E department and institution where the study was carried out, email address of all co- authors (they will be informed of the manuscript submission and receive a copy of the main decisions about the manuscript); please identify the corresponding author by an asterisk; 3. Short title (running head) of no more than 45 characters including spaces, and the additional keywords; 4. Contribution of the co-authors: brief but clear account of the contributions of the different authors. Contribution may be: designing the experiment, writing the paper, running the data analysis, s Such a description

is mandatory. 5. Funding: funding provided to achieve the presented results should be briefly but precisely acknowledged. 6. Acknowledgements: any further information that may be of value to the readers paragraph. 7. Total number of characters (including spaces, references and captions); 8. Number of tables; 9. Number of figures.
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5 27 March 2014 Body of the manuscript : While the title page will not be available to the referees as we use a double blind review procedure), the main body of the manuscript contains all the information required for external reviews. 1. Title of the

article; 2. Key message (max. 40 words): it should be informative for stake holders and a broader public; this summary will be used on the web site and for external communication pu rposes; 3. Ab st ract (m ax. 200 wo rds) should be in a form suitable for abstracting services. It should provide a clear view of the content of the manuscript with a brief description of the main results and conclusions. Footnotes, references, cross-references to figures and tables and abbreviations must be avoided. Please be aware the abstracts are highly important to incite readers to read the full paper and

possibly cite it! The abstract must be presented as successive small sections providing: a. Context: an in troduction into the context of the study ; b. Aims: a clear statement of the resear ch question s; c. Methods: a quick overview of the et hods used ; this is not necessary for review papers; d. Results: the most im por ta nt results ; e. Conclusion 4. Additional keywords: Please provide 4 to 6 additional keywords that are not in the title and will be used for indexing purposes. 5. The usual sections for a paper a. Introduction; b. Material and methods; c. Re su ts ; d. is cu ssion; we do

not accept manuscripts with combined discussion and result presentation; e. Conclusion; f. References; g. Tab le s; h. Ca pt on s of fi gu res; i. Fi gu res. The structure of review papers should follow the instructions above, except that there is DZ 6. Text formatting:

Manuscripts should be submitted in using either a Word compatible software or LaTex. a. Use a normal, plain fo nt ( e. ., 10-point T im es Ro man) for text, and double spaces for lines b. Use italics for scientific names or latin expressions (like ) and add the author name at first citation (i.e., Quercus robur L.) c. um ber the pag es and the lines with a continuous numbering procedure; d. Do not u se field functions; e. Use tab stops or other co mm ands for indents, n ot the sp ce bar; f. Use the equation editor or M at hT ype for equations. If you use Word 2007, do n ot crea te the

equations with the d ef ault equation editor but use the Microsoft equation editor or M at hT ype instead; g. Manuscripts with m at hematical con te nt can also be su bm itted in LaTeX.
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6 27 March 2014 7. Ab br eviations need be defined at fi st mention and used consistently th er ea ft er . Please be aware: abbreviations are mea nt to ea se reading and n ot to complica te it! No abbreviation should be used in the abstract (except the ones that are of really common use like DNA, DBH, units etc). 8. Footnotes : Please av oid any use of fo ot ot s. References: 1. Citation Cite

references in the text by name and year in parentheses. Some examples: Negotiation research spans many disciplines (Thompson 1990). This result was later contradicted by Becker and Seligman (1996). This effect has been widely studied (Abbott 1991; Barakat et al. 1995; Kelso and Smith 1998; Medvec et al. 1993). 2. Reference list The list of references should only include works that are cited in the text and that have been published or accepted for publication. Personal communications and unpublished works should only be mentioned in the text. Reference list entries should be alphabetized by the

last names of the first author of each work. Always use the standard abbreviation of a e according to the ISSN List of Title Word Abbreviations, see 22661-LTWA-online.php . For authors using EndNote, we provide an output style that supports the formatting of in-text citations and reference list, follow the The DOI should be indicated when available. Jo urnal article: the names of all co-authors need be provided: Gamelin FX, Baquet G, Berthoin S, Thevenet D, Nourry C, Nottin S, Bosquet L (2009) Effect of high intensity intermittent training on heart rate variability in

prepubescent children. Eur J Appl Physiol 105:731-738. doi: 10.1007/s00421-008-0955-8 Article by DOI Slifka MK, Whitton JL (2000) Clinical implications of dysregulated cytokine production. J Mol Med. doi:10.1007/s001090000086 Book South J, Blass B (2001) The future of modern genomics. Blackwell, London Book chapter Brown B, Aaron M (2001) The politics of nature. In: Smith J (ed) The rise of modern genomics, 3rd edn. Wiley, New York, pp 230-257 Online document Cartwright J (2007) Big stars have weather too. IOP Publishing PhysicsWeb. Accessed 26

June 2007 Dissertation Trent JW (1975) Experimental acute renal failure. Dissertation, University of California Table All ta bles are to be numb ered us ng Arabic nu merals. They should always be cited in text in co nsecutive n um erical ord er . or ea ch ta ble, please su pply a tab le ca ption (title) ex plaining the co mpone nts of the table. Identify a ny pr eviously pu blished m at erial by giving the or iginal sour ce in the f or m of a r efer en ce at the end of the table caption. Foo tn otes to ta bles sh ould
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27 March 2014 be indicated by su perscript lower-case l et

ters ( or asterisks for significance values and o th er statistical d at a) and included benea th the ta ble body. Electronic Figure Submission Supply all figur es electronically. Indicate what graphics pro gr am w as used to crea te the artwork. F or vector graphics, the pr fe rr ed form at is EPS; for halftones, plea se u se TIFF format. MS Office files are also accep ta ble. Vector graphics co ntaining fo ts must ha ve the fo nts embedd ed in the files. Name yo ur fig ur e files wi th "Fi g" and t he fig ur e numb er e .g ., Fig1.ep s. Color Art Color art is fr ee of ch ar ge for online

publication. If black and white will be sh wn in t he print er sion, make su re that the main info rm ation will st ill be visible. Many colors are n ot distinguishab le fr om one ano th er when co ve rted to black and white. A simple way to check this is to ma ke a xe ro gr aphic co py to see if the necessary distinctions between the different colors are still apparent. If the figur es wi ll be printed in bl ck and wh ite, do n ot refer to color in the captions. Color illustrations should be submitted as RGB (8 bits per ch annel). Figure Lettering To a dd lettering, it is be st to use

Helvetica or Arial (sans se rif fo nt s) . eep lett er ing consistently sized throughout your final-sized ar twor k, usually about 2 3 mm (8 12 pt) . Variance of type size within an illustration should be minimal, e .g ., do not u se 8- pt type on an axis and 20- pt type for the axis label. Avoid e ff ects such as shading, outline lett er s, etc. Do not include titles or captions within yo ur illustrations. Figure Numbering All figur es ar e to be numb ered us ng Arabic nu merals. Figur es should always be cited in te xt in consecutive n um erical ord er . Figure par ts sh ould be denoted by

lowe rcase lett er s ( a, b, c, etc.). If an appendix appears in your article and it contains one or m or e fi gu res, continue the co nsecutive n um er ing of the main text. Do n ot n um ber the appendix fig ur es, "A 1, A 2, A 3, etc." Figur es in online appendices (Electronic Suppleme nt ar y M at er ial) sh ould, however, be nu mb ered se par at ely. Figure Captions Each fig ur e shou ld have a concise caption describing accur at ely what the figure depicts. Include the captions in the text file of the manuscript, n ot in the figure file. Figure captions begin with the term Fig. in bold ty

e, followed by the figure numb er also in bold type. No punctuation is to be included af er t he numb er n or is any punctuation to be placed at the nd of the ca ption. Identify all elemen ts found in the figure in the figure caption; and use boxes, ci rcles, etc., as coordina te points in graphs. Id entify pr eviously pu bli shed material by giving the or iginal sour ce in the form of a r ef er en ce citation at the end of the figure caption. Figure Placement and Size When preparing your fig ur es, size fig ur es to fit in the column width . Fig ur es should be 39 mm , 84 mm , 1 29 mm , or

174 mm wide a nd not higher than 234 mm . Permissions If you include figur es th at ha ve already be en pu bl ished elsewhere, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner( s) for bo th the print and online fo rm at. Please be aware th at so me publishers do not grant electronic rights for fr ee and th at Springer will not
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27 March 2014 be able to r ef nd any costs th at m ay ha ve occu rr ed to receive th se permissions. In su ch ases, m at er ial fr om ot her sources should be used. ELECTRONIC SUPPLEMENTARY MATERIAL Annals of Forest Science acce pts electronic multi

media files (animation s, movies, audio, etc.) and o th er su pplemen ta ry files to be published online along with an ar icle or a book ch pt er . his fe at ur e can a dd di mension to t he au th or 's article, as c er tain information cannot be pr inted or is more convenient in electronic fo rm . Supply all supplemen ta ry m at er ial in st andard file fo rm ats. Electronic Supplemen ta ry at er al sh ould be a rr anged wi thout au tho nam es and aff ili at ion . To a cco mm odate us er download s, please ke ep in mind th at larger-sized files m ay req ui re very long download ti es nd th at

so me users m ay experience other prob le ms d ur ing downloading. Spreadshee ts sh ould be co ve rted to P DF if no interaction with the da ta is intended. If the read er s should be enco ur aged to make their own calculations, spreadsheets should be su bmitted as .xls files (M S Excel) . Specializ ed form at such as .p db (chemical), .w rl (V RM L), .nb (M at hematica no te book), a nd .t ex can also be supplied. umbering and captions If supplying any supplemen ta ry m at er ial, the text must make sp ecific mention of the m at er ial as a citation, si milar to th at of figur es a nd tables.

Refer to the supplemen ta ry files as Online Reso ur ce e .g ., "... as sho wn in the animation (Online Resour ce 3) ", ... ad di tional data are given in Online Resour ce 4 . Name t he files consecutively, e.g. ESM_3.mpg ES M_4 .p df . or ea ch supplemen ta ry m at er ial, please su pply a concise ca ption describing the co te nt of the file. Pr ocessing of supplementary files Electronic supp le men ta ry m at er al wi ll be publ ished as received fr om the a ut or without any conversion, editing, or r ef orm at ing . Accessibility In order to give peop le of all abiliti es a nd disabili ti s

access to the content of yo ur supplementary file s, please make su re that t he manuscript co nt ains a descriptive caption for ea ch supplementary material and video files do n ot contain anything that flashes more than thr ee ti es p er seco nd ( so th at u se rs prone to seizur es caused by su ch e ff ects are n ot put at risk). DECISION MAKING The Editorial Board maintains the option of returning to authors, before any further evaluation, manuscripts that do not comply with the recommendations to authors, do not display sufficient novelty, or do not fit within the scope of the journal;

such a decision may be made by the chief-editor or the associate editor handling the manuscript. Manuscripts with incomplete cover letters will be returned to the authors. After reviewing, a decision is provided to the authors: (i) Accept with minor modifications ; (ii) Major revision ; the revised version will be analysed by the editorial board and possibly re- examined by the external referees before a final decision is made; please be aware that
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27 March 2014 publication is not granted at this stage; (iii) Decline with potential resubmission ; in case of resubmission, the

revised version would undergo a complete assessment; and (iv) Decline . We will provide in any case detailed arguments explaining the decision, and are ready to answer all concerns expressed by the authors after a decision. After final acceptance, you will be asked to provide up to ten email addresses of colleagues who might be interested by the paper. We will send them a complimentary electronic version of the paper, to enhance its potential impact. We may also disseminate information about your paper via social networks, and of course, authors are free to disseminate the link to the original

manuscript by any means. AFTER ACCEPTANCE Upon acce pt ance of yo ur article y ou wi receive a link to the special A ut or Query Application at Spri nger web page where you can sign the Co pyright Tr ansfer S ta tement online and indicate whether y ou w ish to order Op enChoice, offprints, or printing of fig ur es in color. Once the Author Query Application has be en co mpleted, your article wi be processed and you will receive the pr oofs. Open Choice In addition to the no rm al publication process (where by an article is submitted to the jo urnal and ac cess to th at article is granted to

cust om ers who ha ve p ur chased a subscriptio n) , Spring er provid es an alternative publishing op ti n: Springer Op en Choice. A Springer Op en Choice article receives all the benefits of a reg ul r subscription-based article, but in addition is made available publicly th rou gh Spring er online platform Spring er Link. We re gr et th at Spring er Op en Choice cannot be ord ered for published articles. Copyright transfer ut hors wi be asked to transfer copyright of the ar ticle to the Publisher ( or grant the Publisher exclusive publication and dissemination rights). This will en su re t

he widest possible pr ot ecti on a nd dissemination of info rm ation und er co pyright laws. Op en Ch oice articles do not require tr ansfer of co pyright as the co pyright remains with the au th or . In opting for op en acce ss, they a gr ee to the Sp ring er Open Choice L icence. Color illustrations Online publication of color illustrations is fr ee of ch ar ge. F or color in the print v er sion, au th or s wi be expected to make a contribution towar ds the extra costs. Pr oof reading he p ur po se of the pr oof is to ch ck for typesetting or con ve rsion e rr ors and t he co mpleteness and

a ccu racy of the text, tables and figures. Substantial chang es in co te t, .g ., n ew results, co rrected values, title a nd au th or ship, are n ot allowed witho ut the approval of the Editor. A ft er onli ne publication, f urth er ch ang es can only be made in the form of an E rrat um which wi be hyperlinked to the article. Online Fir st he article wi be published onli ne af er receipt of the co rr ected proofs. This is the of ficial fi st publication citable wi th the DOI. A ft er relea se of the pr inted v er si n, the paper can also be cited by issue and page numb er s.

10 27 March 2014 Complimen ta ry copies for colleagues Upon accep ta nce, you will be asked to p rovide a list of 10 email addresses of colleagues of yours who wi l receive a co mplimentary copy of the P DF of your paper sent by the jo urnal. This helps disseminating your study and increasing its po te nt ial impact, as well as the impact of t he journal. Permissions ut hors wishing to include figure s, ta bles, or text pa ss ages th at have al rea dy be en published elsewhere are req ui ed to obtain permissi on fr om the copyright owne r( s) for bo th the print and online fo rmat and

to include evidence th at such permissi on has be en ranted when submitting their pap er s. A ny m at er ial received without such evidence wi ll be as su ed to originate fr om the author s.
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