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Poetry Terms & Examples Poetry Terms & Examples

Poetry Terms & Examples - PowerPoint Presentation

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Poetry Terms & Examples - PPT Presentation

Figurative amp Stylistic Language Devices that enhance and add interest to the written and spoken word 1 ImagerySensory Devices Purpose is to create an IMAGE in the readers mind using words to convey the five senses ID: 705276

rhyme examples man devil examples rhyme devil man amp life river compared metaphor simile words repetition vessel sound sail til silence wind

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Slide1

Poetry Terms & Examples

Figurative & Stylistic Language:Devices that enhance and add interest to the written and spoken word

1Slide2

Imagery/Sensory DevicesPurpose is to create an

IMAGE in the reader’s mind using words to convey the five senses.

Simile

Metaphor Personification

2Slide3

Simile

A comparison of two things using the words like or as

.

3Slide4

Examples of a Simile

Bob is hungry as a wolf.Bob

and

wolf

are the two things being compared, using “as”

Sue smells like a rose.

Sue

&

rose

are the two things being compared, using “like”

4Slide5

Metaphor

A comparison of two things without using like or as. (Things = person, place, thing, or thought)

5Slide6

Examples of a Metaphor

Bob is a hungry wolf.Bob is compared to a wolf

.

Sue is a rose, filling the room with her sweet scent.

Sue (or Sue’s scent) and rose

are being compared.

6Slide7

Personification

A type of metaphor in which non-human things or ideas possess human qualities or actions.

7Slide8

Examples of Personification

The wind whispered her name.Wind is being personified: “

wind whispered

”, because “

wind” can’t actually “whisper

.”

Justice is blind.

Justice

is being personified:

blind justice

, because

justice

has no actual eyes that could be

blind

ed.

8Slide9

Sound Devices

Purpose is to create a RHYTHM or set the TONE in the poem.

Alliteration

Assonance

Onomatopoeia

Rhyme

(True/Pure

) Rhyme

Internal

Rhyme

Near/Half

Rhyme (or Impure rhyme)

Eye

Rhyme

9Slide10

Alliteration

The repetition of a consonant sound at the beginning of neighboring words. (Consonants are all the letters except a, e, i, o, u, and y.)

10Slide11

Examples of Alliteration

The dark dance of death whisked her away.Repetition of the “

d

” sound in “

dark d

ance of

d

eath

Like a lucky charm, he looks on.

Repetition of the “

l

” sound in “

L

ike

,” “

l

ucky

,” and “

l

ooks

11Slide12

Assonance

The repetition of vowel sounds (within stressed syllables) of neighboring words. (Vowels are a, e, i, o, u, and y.)

12Slide13

Examples of Assonance

Talking and walking, hours on end.Repetition of the “

ah

” sound in

“talking” “w

a

lking”

A turtle in the fertile soil.

Repetition of the “

er

” sound in “

t

ur

tle

” “

f

er

tile

13Slide14

Onomatopoeia

Words which imitate the sound they refer to.14Slide15

Examples of Onomatopoeia

The eagle whizzed past the buzzing bees.“whizzed

” and “

buzzing

”Rip-roar fire, the gun stutters on.

Rip-roar

” and “

stutters

15Slide16

True / Pure / End Rhyme

Words which end with the same sounds, usually at the end of lines.

16Slide17

Examples of TrUE / PURE / END Rhyme

The deepest night

burning bright.

night” and “bright

A time to feel,

and a time to heal.

feel

” and “

heal

17Slide18

Internal Rhyme

Rhyme within a line.18Slide19

Examples of Internal Rhyme

Bright night, a full moon above.“bright

” and “

night

We will stay today and then

we must go.

stay

” and “

today

19Slide20

Near / Half / Impure

RhymeSlight or inaccurate repetition of sounds (also called impure rhyme).

20Slide21

Examples of Near / Half / Impure

RhymeOn top of the hill,

the moon is full.

hill” and “

full

Give this to the man,

he’ll know what I mean.

man

” and “

mean

This as also called

consonance

when the consonants match (man/mean) but the vowel sound doesn’t.

21Slide22

Eye / Sight Rhyme

Words that look like they rhyme (similar spelling), but do NOT rhyme

22Slide23

Examples of Eye / SiGHT

RhymeListen to the water flow,

from above I don’t see how.

flow” and “

how

When the game is over,

a true champion we’ll discover.

over

” and “

discover

23Slide24

Miscellaneous Devices

Hyperbole Irony/Paradox

Anaphora

24Slide25

Hyperbole

An obvious and deliberate exaggeration (to emphasize something or for humorous purposes).

25Slide26

Examples of a Hyperbole

I love you more than life itself.Love is exaggerated.

He could eat a horse.

His appetite is exaggerated.

26Slide27

Irony

Saying the opposite of what you actually mean.

27Slide28

Examples of Irony

Water, water everywhere, but not a drop to drink.Surrounded by water in the ocean, but none of it is drinkable.

The directions were as clear as mud.

Obviously, they weren’t very clear directions (this is also a simile!).

28Slide29

Paradox

A statement that seems to contradict or oppose itself, yet actually reveals some truth.

29Slide30

Examples of a Paradox

It’s hard work doing nothing.Youth is wasted on the young.The more we know, the less we understand.

The less you have, the more you are free. (Or …the more you have.)

I can resist anything but temptation.

Her silence was deafening.

30Slide31

Anaphora

The repetition of words at the beginning of clauses.Purpose is to add emphasis/meaning or build to a climax.EXAMPLE: “My life is my purpose. My life

is my goal.

My life

is my inspiration.”31Slide32

Epistrophe

The repetition of words at the end of clauses.Purpose is to add emphasis/meaning or build to a climax.Example: "For no government is better than the men who compose it, and I want the best, and we need the best, and we deserve the best."

(Senator John F. Kennedy, speech at Wittenberg College, Oct. 17, 1960)

32Slide33

How Figurative & Stylistic Devices are used in Song Lyrics

Examples using the songs:“The River” by Garth Brooks“Crossroads” by Tracy Chapman“She” by Green Day

“One” by Metallica

33Slide34

Examples of Simile

“The River” by Garth BrooksYou know a dream is like a river / Ever changing as it flows

Which two things are being compared?

Dream

and river

using the word “like”

34Slide35

Trickier Example in “The River”

And I will sail my vessel / ‘Til the river runs dry / Like a bird upon the wind / These waters are my sky

Which two things are being compared

using a simile

?I

(the speaker) and

bird

using “like”

Re-wording the sentence helps to see the simile:

I

sail these waters

like a bird

flies through the sky.

35Slide36

Examples of Metaphor

“Crossroads” by Tracy ChapmanSome say the devil be a mystical thing / I say the devil he a walking man

Which two things are being compared?

Devil

and

man

Take off the adjectives to get the two NOUNS that are being compared (not comparing

devil

with “

walking

man

,” just “man”).

36Slide37

Are These Metaphors?More from “Crossroads”

I say the devil he a walking man (yes: devil & man)

He a fool

(devil/man & fool?)

He a liar (devil/man & liar?)

(a) conjurer

(devil/man & conjurer?)

and a thief

(devil/man & thief?)

Devil & man is a metaphor

Devil/man and fool is NOT a metaphor. “Fool” is an ADJECTIVE describing the man/devil

Same for liar, conjurer, and thief--he could actually BE all these things, so it is not a metaphor.

37Slide38

Trickier Example of Metaphorfrom “Crossroads”

All you folks think you run my life / say I should be willing to compromise / I say all you demons go back to hell / I’ll save my soul, save myself

Which two things are being compared?

Folks

and

demons

Even though the speaker never says “folks are demons,” it is

implied

. When someone uses the cliché, “Go to hell,” they are calling that person a devil or demon--or a resident of Hell. The meaning of the metaphor is for the “folks” to stay out of other people’s business & let the speaker live her own life.

38Slide39

Examples of Personification

“She” by Green DayWaiting for a sign / To smash the silence with the brick of self-control

What “thing” is given human-like qualities?

Sign

The “

sign to smash the silence

” because a “

sign

” cannot physically “

smash

” anything.

39Slide40

Practice:Listen to “One” by Metallica

In this One song (that’s a pun), find examples of:

1. Simile

2. Personification

3. Alliteration4. Rhyme

5. Internal Rhyme

6. Near/Half Rhyme

7. Irony

8. Paradox

40Slide41

Examples in “One”

1. Simile: Speaker/narrator and a wartime novelty2. Personification: “Darkness imprisoning me”3. Alliteration: “

s

cream / This terrible silence stops me”

4. Rhyme:

dream/scream, me/see, real/feel/reveal, etc.

5. Internal rhyme:

“Hold my

breath

as I wish for

death”

6. Near/Half Rhyme:

speech/hearing, myself/cell

7. Irony:

Machines keep him alive, but he wishes to die

8. Paradox:

Speaker can’t live, yet he can’t die; war is also the implied paradox: soldier sent to kill in order to save lives.

Kudos if you found an Eye Rhyme:

live/die

41Slide42

Practice: Group work

With a partner or group, find school-appropriate song lyrics and pick out examples of figurative and stylistic devices.Which group can come up with the most examples in a single song in 15 minutes or less?

42Slide43

43

Teachers: Here are the lyrics to the song examples.

The River by Garth Brooks

You know a dream is like a river,

ever changing as it flows.

And a dreamer's just a vessel

that must follow where it goes.

Trying to learn from what's behind you

and never knowing what's in store

makes each day a constant battle

just to stay between the shores.

And I will sail my vessel 'til the river runs dry.

Like a bird upon the wind, these waters are my sky.

I'll never reach my destination if I never try,

So I will sail my vessel 'til the river runs dry.

Too many times we stand aside

and let the water slip away.

To what we put off 'til tomorrow

has now become today.

So don't you sit upon the shore

and say you're satisfied.

Choose to chance the rapids

and dare to dance the tides.

And I will sail my vessel 'til the river runs dry.

Like a bird upon the wind, these waters are my sky.

I'll never reach my destination if I never try,

So I will sail my vessel 'til the river runs dry.

There's bound to be rough waters,

and I know I'll take some falls.

With the good Lord as my captain,

I can make it through them all.

And I will sail my vessel 'til the river runs dry.

Like a bird upon the wind, these waters are my sky.

I'll never reach my destination if I never try,

So I will sail my vessel 'til the river runs dry.

Crossroads by Tracy Chapman

[performed by Tracy Chapman, 1988]

All you folks think you own my life

But you never made any sacrifice

Demons they are on my trail

I’m standing at the crossroads of hell

I look to the left I look to the right

There’re hands that grab me on every side

All you folks think I got my price

At which I’ll sell all that is mine

You think money rules when all else fails

Go sell your soul and keep your shell

I’m trying to protect what I keep inside

All the reasons why I live my life

Some say the devil be a mystical thing

I say the devil he a walking man

He a fool he a liar

conjurer

and a thief

He try to tell you what you want

Try to tell you what you need

Standing at the point

The road it cross you down

What is at your back

Which way do you turn

Who will come to find you first

Your devils or your gods

All you folks think you run my life

Say I should be willing to compromise

I say all you demons go back to hell

I’ll save my soul save myself

conjurer:

someone who conjures magic

conjure:

someone who orders or commands something or someone

She by Billie Jo Armstrong

(performed by Green Day, 1993)

Inspired by a poem titled “She”

She

She screams in silence

A sullen riot penetrating through her mind

Waiting for a

sign

To smash the silence

with the brick of self-control

Are you locked up in a world

That’s been planned out for you

Are you feeling like a social tool without a use

Scream at me until my ears bleed

I’m taking heed just for you

She

She’s figured out

All her doubts were someone else’s point of view

Waking up this time

To smash the silence with the brick of self-control

Are you locked up in a world

That’s been planned out for you

Are you feeling like a social tool without a use

Scream at me until my ears bleed

I’m taking heed just for you

Are you locked up in a world

That’s been planned out for you

Are you feeling like a social tool without a use

Scream at me until my ears bleed

I’m taking heed just for you

heed:

paying close attention

sullen:

somber; gloomy or showing irritationSlide44

44

One by James Hetfield & Lars Ulrich

(performed by Metallica, 1989; written in 1987)

I can’t remember anything

Can’t tell if this is true or

dream

Deep down inside I feel to

scream

This terrible silence stops me

Now that the war is through with me

I’m waking up I can not see

That there is not much left of me

Nothing is real but pain now

Hold my breath as I wish for death

Oh please God, wake me

Back in the womb it’s much too real

In pumps life that I must feel

But can’t look forward to reveal

Look to the time when I’ll live

Fed through the tube that sticks in me

Just like a wartime novelty

Tied to machines that make me be

Cut this life off from me

Hold my breath as I wish for death

Oh please God, wake me

Now the world is gone I’m just one

Oh God, help me hold my breath as I wish for death

Oh please God help me

Darkness imprisoning me

All that I see

Absolute horror

I cannot live

I cannot die

Trapped in myself

Body my holding cell

Landmine has taken my sight

Taken my speech

Taken my hearing

Taken my arms

Taken my legs

Taken my soul

Left me with life in hell