Sedative Hypnotic Drugs

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Sedative Hypnotic Drugs




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Presentations text content in Sedative Hypnotic Drugs

Slide1

Sedative Hypnotic Drugs

Slide2

2005-2010 sedative ingestion

About 4% of U.S. adults aged 20 and over used prescription sleep aids in the past

month

1

.

The percentage of adults using a prescription sleep aid increased with age and education. More adult women (5.0%) used prescription sleep aids than adult men (3.1

%)1.

Non-Hispanic white adults were more likely to use sleep aids (4.7%) than non-Hispanic black (2.5%) and Mexican-American (2.0%)

adults

1

.

Slide3

2005-2010 sedative ingestion

Prescription sleep aid use varied by sleep duration and was highest among adults who sleep less than 5 hours (6.0%) or sleep 9 or more hours (5.3

%)1.

One in six adults with a diagnosed sleep disorder and one in eight adults with trouble sleeping reported using sleep

aids

1

.

In the past two decades, both popular media and pharmaceutical companies have reported an increased number of prescriptions filled for sleep aids in the United

States

1

.

Slide4

Sedative prescription

Sedatives are used to treat problems such as anxiety, mood disorders and insomnia, and include drugs such as Valium, Halcion, Xanax, Ativan and

Librium

2

.

Doctors in

the United States are writing more prescriptions for sedatives than ever before, and the frequent use of these powerful drugs in combination with narcotic painkillers may be causing medication-related deaths, a new study

suggests

2

.

Slide5

Sedative prescription study

For the study, researchers looked at 3.1 billion primary care visits made by Americans between 2002 and 2009, and found that 12.6 percent of those visits involved prescriptions for sedatives (benzodiazepines) or narcotic (opioid) painkillers. They also found that the number of prescriptions for sedatives increased 12.5 percent a

year

2

.

Patients who received narcotic painkiller prescriptions were 4.2 times more likely to also have sedative prescriptions, and the number of joint prescriptions of opioids and benzodiazepines rose 12 percent a year

, according to the researcher

2

.

Slide6

Sedative prescription study

The study showed that the use of sedatives and narcotic painkillers contribute to at least 30 percent of narcotic painkiller-related

deaths, according to investigators

2

.

“Doctors

need to be better educated about the risks of combining the two medications, and there needs to be better coordination between those who prescribe narcotic painkillers 

and

those who prescribe

sedatives.”- Dr. Ming-

Chih

Kao

2

Slide7

Side effects of hypnotics3,4

HeadacheNauseaWeaknessInsomniaChest PainsDepression

Slide8

References

1. "Prescription

Sleep Aid Use Among Adults: United States 2005-2010."

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 29 Aug. 2013. Web. 02 Oct. 2014. <http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/databriefs/db127.htm

>.

2. “Study

Finds Doctors Prescribing More Sedatives."

- Drugs.com

MedNews

.

N.p

.,

n.d.

Web. 05 Oct. 2014. <http://www.drugs.com/news/study-finds-doctors-more-sedatives-50687.html

>.

Slide9

References

3. "What

Are the Side Effects of Hypnotics? -

RxList

."

RxList

.

N.p

.,

n.d.

Web. 05 Oct. 2014. <http://www.rxlist.com/sleep_disorder_medications-page3/drugs-condition.htm

>.

4. "WFU

Choices."

Sedative-Hypnotics

.

N.p

.,

n.d.

Web. 05 Oct. 2014. <http://choices.studentlife.wfu.edu/sedative-hypnotics

/>.

Slide10

References

"Sedative Addiction-

benzos

Chemical, Psychological Dependence | Rapid Opiate Detox Center in

Europe.Heroin

Detox Followed by Opiate Blockers at

RefindYourWay

Center - Part 1."

Rapid Opiate Detox Center in

EuropeHeroin

Detox Followed by Opiate Blockers at

RefindYourWay

Center

.

N.p

.,

n.d.

Web. 05 Oct. 2014. <http://rapiddetoxnaltrexone.com/addictions/sedative-dependence/>.

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