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Thinking Across the Border:

CBC and the regional dimension. Dr Anthony . Soares. The Centre for Cross Border Studies. Email: a.soares@qub.ac.uk. Twitter: . @antsoares67. An example to Europe. The maths of CBC: 1 + 1 = > 2. .

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Thinking Across the Border:

Presentation on theme: "Thinking Across the Border:"— Presentation transcript:


Thinking Across the Border:CBC and the regional dimension

Dr Anthony


The Centre for Cross Border Studies

Email: a.soares@qub.ac.uk



An example to EuropeSlide3

The maths of CBC: 1 + 1 = > 2 - additional economic revenue (increased activity)

- improved delivery of public services to citizens

- budgetary savings (shared services) - more sustainable development of cross-border territory (but from what level? National? Regional? Local?)

But why engage in cross-border cooperation?Slide4

Cross-Border Territorial DevelopmentSlide5

Concrete projects instead of nice ideas…Real partnerships with shared co‐financing instead of nice meetings…

Integrated programmes instead of stand‐alone approaches

Innovative structures instead of institutional sclerosis…

The INTERREG effect… in EuropeSlide6

CBC and Cohesion Policy 2014-2020

CB territories seen from a 360




selective problem

perception to a

joint development


integrated potentials


concentrationEvidence based policy‐makingSlide7

Towards Territorial Cohesion: Ideal types of different levels of cross-border cooperation(Lundquist and


, 2009)Slide8

Predominance of public actors (institutional partners of CBC)

No specific competence

for CBC bodies and institutions

Policy implementation through projects

(sectoral fragmentation, time-limited)Knowledge deficit of the CBC territory

(due to lack at local and national levels of detailed knowledge of regional potentialities)

CBC in Europe (and the island of Ireland?) today: semi-integratedSlide9

The European vs national vs regional vs local dimensions: SubsidiaritySlide10

“Vertical subsidiarity” – division of labour between levels of governance (as per art. 5.3 of the TEU)

“Horizontal subsidiarity”

– division of labour between sectors (public, private, civic society)

Enacting the principles of vertical and horizontal subsidiarity in the cross-border territory

The European vs national vs regional vs local dimensions: SubsidiaritySlide11

“The partnership principle implies close cooperation between

public authorities at national, regional and local levels

in the Member States


with the private and other sectors”.“Partnership must be seen in close connection with a multi-level governance approach and

the subsidiarity

and proportionality principles

: each level of government should play its role,

and action

should be taken at the right level and be proportionate to the


The Partnership PrincipleSlide12

An integrated approach to CBC results in optimal interventionsA regional dimension to CBC can exploit EU policy of concentrationAdoption of the principle of subsidiarity to CBC finds the correct level of intervention (regional or local)

Whatever the level of intervention, implementation of the Partnership Principle will ensure adoption of solutions with vertical and horizontal participation


Thank you!