Warm-Up Get out you answers to the citizen test.

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Unit . 4:. Citizenship. Part 1: What is an American Citizen. How do we know you are a citizen?. Civics. The study of the rights and duties of citizens. How citizens interact with their government. What is a . ID: 704760 Download Presentation

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Warm-Up Get out you answers to the citizen test.




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Presentations text content in Warm-Up Get out you answers to the citizen test.

Slide1

Warm-Up

Get out you answers to the citizen test.

Slide2

Unit

4:

Citizenship

Part 1: What is an American Citizen

Slide3

How do we know you are a citizen?

Slide4

Civics

The study of the rights and duties of citizens

How citizens interact with their government

Slide5

What is a

Citizen

?

A member of a community who owes loyalty to a government and is entitled to protection from it.

Slide6

Is this statement accurate?

A citizen is someone who lives in a country.

NO: Being a citizen entails more than just living in a country. It also includes those who live abroad. Also, someone may be living in the USA and not be a citizen.

Slide7

What does

citizenship

entail?

The rights and duties of members of a state.

Slide8

Duty

Something we

have to do

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Responsibility

Something we

ought to do

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Duties and Responsibilities

Duties

Responsibilities

Register for the draft

Serve Jury Duty

Attend School (up to 16)

Pay Taxes

Obey Laws

Practice Toleration

Be informed and vote

Attend School (>16)

Participate in community and gov.

Respect rights and property of others

Volunteer

Slide13

Who are the citizens of the United States?

Natural born citizens

Born on US soil

Parents are US citizen

E Pluribus

unum

Out of many, one

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The New Colossus

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Immigrant

A person who moves permanently to another country

All Americans are descendents of immigrants

My ancestors come from Germany, Ireland, Britain, and Scotland

Slide20

Conclusion

Using what you learned yesterday…

What does it mean to be an effective citizen? Be sure to reference what we discussed in class, as well as including your own opinion.

Slide21

Immigration

The introduction of new people into a population

Immigrants today come from all continents (

except Antarctica)

Slide22

Immigration to America

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Reasons for Immigration

Religious

Political

Wealth

Forced

Opportunity

Slide24

Religious

To be able to practice their religious beliefs without fear of persecution

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Political

To escape the injustices of despotism (authoritarian governments)

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Wealth

In search of precious metals, cash crops and land

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Forced

Millions of Africans were forced to migrate as a cheap source of labor (slavery)

Slide29

Opportunity

It was an opportunity for a new life for many

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Impact of Immigration

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Diversity

The different ethnic, religious and cultural traditions that make up the American population.

Slide32

The Great American Melting Pot

People of different cultures blended together to make one American culture

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The American “Tossed Salad”

America is made up of many different cultures that remain distinct but contribute to American diversity.

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Immigration Attitudes Today

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Immigration Attitudes Historically

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How does one become an American Citizen?

Native Born

Born on American soil

If one parent is an American

Slide37

How does one become an American Citizen

2 Through the

Naturalization Process

– the steps that someone who is not a citizen take to become one

USCIS –

United States Citizenship and Immigration Services

Slide38

The Naturalization Process

Sign Declaration of Intent

Document saying want to become US citizen filed with USCIS

Live in US

Live in US 5 years (3 if married to US citizen or in military)

Interview with USCIS

Makes sure requirements have been met

Examination

Test on reading, writing and speaking English. Also history and government of US

Oath of Allegiance

Swears loyalty to US above all others

Slide39

Losing Citizenship

Denaturalization

– lying during the naturalization process

Expatriation

– giving up ones citizenship by becoming citizen of another country

Punishment for a Crime

– federal crimes that involve extreme disloyalty (i.e. Treason)

Slide40

What is an

alien

?

A noncitizen

Legal Aliens

– noncitizens who are in the country legally

Illegal Aliens

– noncitizens who came into US illegally

Slide41

Immigration Act of 1990

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Immigration Act of 1990

Emphasis on people with particular skills, talents, or money to invest. (entrepreneurs)

Slide43

What is the difference between the rights of legal aliens and US citizens?

Legal Aliens:

Hold jobs

Own property

Attend public schools

Receive gov. services

Pay taxes

Given protection

Legal Aliens cannot:

Vote in elections

Run for office

Serve on juries

Be without identification cards

Slide44

Warm-Up – Immigration Act of 1990

& Reasons people immigrate

Do you think it is fair or right for the US government to allow access to immigrants based on certain skills, talent, or money?

Why do you think so many thousands of people are trying to enter the United States each year?

Slide45

Unit 1 Part III: The Government and the People

Slide46

Government

The Ruling authority for a community

Slide47

Why do communities need government?

To make it possible for people to live together peacefully

Slide48

Thomas Hobbes

Scottish political philosopher (1588-1679)

Slide49

Life without government would be “nasty, brutish, and short.”

Slide50

What do governments do?

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Provide Laws

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Provide Security

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Provide Services

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Guide the Community

Help shape

public policy

– the course of action to achieve community goals

Slide56

Levels of Government

National Government

The government of the entire country

Slide57

State Government

Decides matters for people in the state

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Local Government

Counties, cities and towns

Closest gov. to the people

Slide59

Principles of American Democracy

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Rule of Law

All people are bound by the law

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Limited Government

The government can only do the things that the people have given it power to do.

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Consent of the Governed

American citizens are the source of all government power

Popular Sovereignty

– “The People Rule”

Slide63

Individual Rights

Individual rights, even of those not popular with the majority, are protected by the government.

Slide64

Representative Government

People elect leaders to make the laws and govern on their behalf.

Slide65

In your chart place the following under the category they are best suited for:

Forsyth County Board of Commissioners

State Mental Health Care

The United States Congress

The US Military

Garbage collection

Police Department

State highway patrol

Interstate Highways

Inner state Highways

Airport Screeners

Forsyth County Library

Keep NC Beautiful Campaign

Hanging Rock State Park

Polo Park

North Carolina Laws

Water Treatment

Street Lights

State Prisons

Federal Prisons

County Jail

National Health Care

Social Security

Minimum Wage Laws

Revitalize Downtown Plans

City dog leash laws

Veterans Administration

Animal Control

Beach Erosion Control

Yellowstone National Part

Slide66

Part IV: Types of Government

Slide67

Democratic Government

Rule by the people (majority rule)

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Direct Democracy

All citizens vote to determine all issues

Slide69

Representative Democracy/Republic

People elect others to

represent

them in the decisions of a government with power

limited by law

Slide70

Constitutional Monarchy/Democracy

A government with a hereditary ruler whose power is limited by law (

a Constitution)

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Authoritarian Government

Government power is held by individual or group not accountable to the people

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Absolute Monarchy

Hereditary ruler had unlimited authority

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Dictatorships/Totalitarianism/Autocracy

The government has almost total control over the people’s lives.

Power usually taken by force

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Aristocracy

Rule by a upper class (Aristocrats)

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Theocracy

Rule by religion

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Oligarchy

Rule by a few

Slide78

Anarchy

Belief that best government is no government

Slide79

Ticket Out the Door

What is the difference between a

Democracy

and a

Democratic Republic

?

Slide80

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