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Animal Farm & Russian Revolution:

A Historical Backdrop. H. Language Arts/Language Arts. Power. Powerless. Wealth. Poor. 1 man. CZAR. Aristocracy. Military. Agriculture. Industry. – Proletariat – . Workers from. Privatized Farms and Industry.

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Animal Farm & Russian Revolution:






Presentation on theme: " Animal Farm & Russian Revolution: "— Presentation transcript:

Slide1

Animal Farm& Russian Revolution: A Historical Backdrop

H. Language Arts/Language Arts

Slide2

Power

Powerless

Wealth

Poor

1 man

CZAR

Aristocracy

Military

Agriculture

Industry

– Proletariat –

Workers from

Privatized Farms and Industry

(owned by aristocracy)

Millions of People

Monarchy

Under

Czar Nicholas II

Slide3

Monarchy Under Czar Nicholas II

1914-1917Czar Nicholas was dictator of RussiaCzar = “power from God”

Slide4

Monarchy Under Czar Nicholas II

Russia lagged behind other modernized countries in:IndustrializationGovernmentEducation

Slide5

Majority of population faced poverty, hunger, and unemploymentWWI Lost territory from warFood & resources going to troops

Monarchy Under Czar Nicholas II

Slide6

Monarchy Under Czar Nicholas II

Revolts led by hungry workers erupted across Russia1917 – Czar Nicholas II was overthrown

Slide7

The Russian Revolution

Bolsheviks, under the leadership of Vladimir Lenin, Leon Trotsky, and Joseph Stalin proceeded to structure a Communist country as envisioned by Karl Marx.

Slide8

No Man

Self-governance

Collectively Owned Agriculture

Collectively Owned Industry

Mandatory Military Service

For All Citizens

Power

Wealth

Communism

Envisioned by

Karl Marx

Slide9

Communism Envisioned by Karl Marx

The communists hoped that after updating their country’s industry, agriculture, & military, a populace of educated people could successfully govern themselves and collectively own the combined wealth of their nation.

Slide10

Communism Envisioned by Karl Marx

It was a utopian type dream where a classless society provided all its citizens with a comfortable and meaningful life.

Slide11

Power

Powerless

Wealth

Poor

1 man

Lenin

Communist Party

Military Modernization

Agriculture Modernization

Industry Modernization

Workers are quickly absorbed

Into Agriculture, Industry, and Military

Millions of People

Transitional Rule

Under

Vladimir Lenin

Slide12

The Russian Revolution

Soviets gain popular support by promising:LandBreadPeace

Joseph Stalin and Vladimir Lenin

Slide13

Transitional Rule Under Lenin

Their main goals were as follows: Modernize industry and agricultureGet rid of the aristocracy (middle & upper classes)

Slide14

Transitional Rule Under Lenin

(Lenin’s goals continued…)

Provide adequate food, shelter, and medical services to the poor

Educate the population in the ways of Communism

Strengthen their military

Slide15

Transitional Rule Under Lenin

1918: The Red Army, led by Leon Trotsky, identified and executed suspected anti-communists.

Slide16

Transitional Rule Under Lenin

1918-1921Civil War erupted between the Communists and their opposition

Slide17

Transitional Rule Under Lenin

1922: Lenin died before he could see a new Russia emerge. A power struggle developed between Trotsky and Stalin.

Slide18

Transitional Rule Under Lenin

Trotsky was run out of the country by Stalin whose powers lie in his infamous secret police or “cheka” (KGB).

Slide19

Power

Powerless

Wealth

Poor

1 man

Stalin

Secret Police

(KGB)

Military

Agriculture

Industry

– Proletariat –

Workers from

Government Farms and Industry

(owned by Stalin)

Millions of People

Communist Rule

Under

Joseph Stalin

Slide20

Communist Rule Under Stalin

The Russia that Stalin developed was renamed the Soviet Union, and was not the same country that Lenin had hoped for.

Slide21

Communist Rule Under Stalin

1928Stalin’s “Five Year Plans”Designed to bring Russia into the industrial age

Slide22

Communist Rule Under Stalin

Stalin maintained power by using political and social terror.KGB, Cheka, and system of spies

Slide23

Communist Rule Under Stalin

The PurgesHigh ranking officials were arrested, forced to confess to false charges, and then executedStalin was seen as protecting Russia

Slide24

Communist Rule Under Stalin

In addition to his campaign of terror, Stalin also controlled all media sources.Stalin could effectively rewrite history to suit his political/military needs.

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Slide28