The Russian Revolution Readings

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The Russian Revolution Readings




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Presentations text content in The Russian Revolution Readings

Slide1

The Russian Revolution

Readings

:

Smith, et al., 902-904, 932-934

Slide2

Peter Builds New Capital

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Nicholas I (1825-1855)

Hated Industrial Revolution and French Revolution

Wanted to make world safe for autocracy

Fought against progress in Russia and Europe

Slide6

Decembrists

Revolt against czarismPut downRevolutions of 1848Most of Europe but Russia has some form of democracyEconomy remains backward

Slide7

Alexander II (1855-1881)

Son of Nicholas I.

One of better czars – interested in reform

Emancipated the serfs in 1861

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Alexander III (1881-1894)

Increased the repressive powers of the police

Limited the power of the local assemblies

Pograms against anyone who was not Russian

Slide11

Nicholas II (1894-1917)

Wrong man, wrong time

Little interest in government

Slide12

Imperialistic Conflict over Korea and Manchuria

Russia trying to ward off rebellion

Russo-Japanese War (1904-1905)

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Bloody Sunday-January 22, 1905

Began in St Petersburg

Disaster of Russo-Japanese War revealed corruption and incompetence of czar

Created Duma, limited economic reform

Slide17

World War I/ Rasputin

Had control over the Tsar Nicholas II and the Tsarina

Was murdered in December 1916

World War I was a disaster.

Slide18

The Revolutions of 1917

February Revolution (March 8, 1917)

Czar Nicholas Abdicates

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Kerensky forms Provisional Government

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Lenin Arrives at Finland Station

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Lenin arrives in Petrograd (St. Petersburg)—April 16. 1917

Lenin calls for armed insurrection

—Oct. 16, 1917 (Russian Calendar)

October Revolution begins, October 24, 1917 (Russian Calendar)

November 6, 1917 (Western European Calendar)

Lenin, Trotsky and Stalin

How Do Bolsheviks Get Power?

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Treaty of Brest Litovsk—

March 3, 1918

Lost 32% of the land

Lost Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania

Much of the Ukraine

Much of Belarussia

Slide26

Creation of Soviet UnionCivil War, 1918-1921“Reds” vs “Whites”“Reds” (Bolsheviks, Communists) under Lenin win

Supported by peasants, national/ethnic groupsNew Economic PlanNationalization of banks and heavy industry, limited ownership of small businessesLenin dies 1923

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Power Struggle after Lenin’s Death and Stalin’s Rule

Forced collectivization

“The Great Famine”

“The Great Terror”

Purges

Gulag

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Contemporary Problems

Cold War with US from 1945-1991

Mikhail Gorbachev’s Glasnost allowed

Democracy to Emerge

Perestroika—socialism not possible in capitalist world

Resigns December 25, 1991

End of Soviet Union and the end of the Cold War

Slide37

Boris Yeltsin

Problems:

Economy was a mess

Workers not paid

National Debt

IMF and World Bank Money to Cronies

Politics a Mess

Slide38

Today in Russia and the Former Soviet Union

A weak Boris Yeltsin names Vladimir Putin, former KGB agent, Premier then President

New President Dmitri Medvedev, but Putin still makes many decisions

Slide39

Today’s Russia (continued)

Ethnic groups want autonomy or Independence

Putin has destroyed Chechnya

Reports of rapes and pillage

Nationalists want powerful Soviet Union

Questions still needing answers

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Winners

Communist Party

Some Workers

Massive Literacy Project—all those who learn to read and write

Vastly improved health care—all those who lived longer and healthier

Women

Losers

Poorest peasants

Traditional Russian upper classes

Many of those in traditional Russian middle classes

Those killed or imprisoned because of oppressive regime

Jews, Muslims

Other ethnic minorities (maybe)

Russian Economy

Russian Democracy

Russian Revolution: Who Won, Who Lost?


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