EKG EOPA Test Prep
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EKG EOPA Test Prep

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EKG EOPA Test Prep




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Presentation on theme: "EKG EOPA Test Prep"— Presentation transcript:

Slide1

EKG EOPA Test Prep

Slide2

The heart is described as being roughly the size of a ________ and weighing approximately ________.

A. tomato; 2 pounds

B. clinched fist; 10.6 ounces

C. coconut; 5.2 ounces

D. baseball; 1.5 pounds

Slide3

The heart is described as being roughly the size of a ________ and weighing approximately ________.

A. tomato; 2 pounds

B. clinched fist; 10.6 ounces

C. coconut; 5.2 ounces

D. baseball; 1.5 pounds

Slide4

The pulmonary arteries arise from the aorta near its origin at the left ventricle and supply blood to the heart muscle, which has a great need for oxygen and nutrients. T or F

A. True

B. False

Slide5

The pulmonary arteries arise from the aorta near its origin at the left ventricle and supply blood to the heart muscle, which has a great need for oxygen and nutrients. T or F

A. True

B. False

Slide6

What would make the statement in the previous question TRUE?

The pulmonary arteries arise from the aorta near its origin at the left ventricle and supply blood to the heart muscle, which has a great need for oxygen and nutrients.

Slide7

The

CORONARY

arteries arise from the aorta near its origin at the left ventricle and supply blood to the heart muscle, which has a great need for oxygen and nutrients.

Slide8

Myocardial infarction is also known as a heart attack. T or F

Slide9

Myocardial infarction is also known as a heart attack. TRUE

Slide10

The four areas of the heart in which myocardial infarction can be independently diagnosed are inferior, posterior, anterior, and _______________.

A. exterior

B. lateral

C. external

interdermal

Slide11

The four areas of the heart in which myocardial infarction can be independently diagnosed are inferior, posterior, anterior, and _______________.

A. exterior

B. lateral

C. external

D. interdermal

Slide12

_________ is an imbalance in pump function, in which the heart fails to maintain circulation of blood adequately.

A. angina pectoris

B. pulmonary edema

C. MRI (Magnetic Imaging Resonance)

D. CHF (Congestive Heart Failure)

Slide13

_________ is an imbalance in pump function, in which the heart fails to maintain circulation of blood adequately.

A. angina pectoris

B. pulmonary edema

C. MRI

D. CHF

Slide14

What is angina pectoris?

Slide15

What is angina pectoris?

Chest pain caused by insufficient blood flow to cardiac muscle

Relieved by rest and/or nitroglycerin

No permanent damage to cardiac muscle

Slide16

What is pulmonary edema?

Fluid in the lungs

Is a sign of Congestive Heart Failure

Slide17

A __________ is a specialized study of the heart during which a catheter is inserted into the femoral or brachial artery.

A. PET

Tilt table test

Cardiac catheterization

MRI

Slide18

A __________ is a specialized study of the heart during which a catheter is inserted into the femoral or brachial artery.

A. PET

Tilt table test

Cardiac catheterization

MRI

Slide19

_______ is a nuclear isotope that travels to the heart muscle with blood flow.

A. an infusion tracer

B. a perfusion tracer

C. a heart tracer

D. none of the above

Slide20

_______ is a nuclear isotope that travels to the heart muscle with blood flow.

A. an infusion tracer

B. a perfusion tracer

C. a heart tracer

D. none of the above

Slide21

A _____________ is a continuous tape recording of a patient’s EKG for 24 hours and must be worn during the patient’s regular daily activities.

A. heart monitor

B.

holter

monitor

C. Cardiac catheter

D. pulse oximeter

Slide22

A _____________ is a continuous tape recording of a patient’s EKG for 24 hours and must be worn during the patient’s regular daily activities.

A. heart monitor

B.

H

olter

monitor

C. Cardiac catheter

D. pulse oximeter

Slide23

What does a pulse oximeter measure?

Slide24

What does a pulse oximeter measure?

Indirectly monitors the oxygen saturation of the patient’s blood to serve as an indication of oxygen delivery to peripheral tissues

Slide25

An abnormally tall P wave usually indicates hyperkalemia. T or F

Slide26

An abnormally tall P wave usually indicates hyperkalemia. T or F

FALSE – it usually indicates hypertrophy of the right atrium

Slide27

_______ abnormalities are sensitive indicators of cardiac disease.

A. QT intervals

QRS complex

ST Segment

PR Interval

Slide28

_______ abnormalities are sensitive indicators of cardiac disease.

A. QT intervals

QRS complex

ST Segment

PR Interval

Slide29

The ________ normally sets the heart rate at 60 to 100 beats per minute.

A. AV Node

B. Bundle of His

C. SA Node

D. Perkinje fibers

Slide30

The ________ normally sets the heart rate at 60 to 100 beats per minute.

A. AV Node

B. Bundle of His

C. SA Node

D. Perkinje fibers

Slide31

What is the intrinsic rate of the AV node?

Slide32

What is the intrinsic rate of the AV node?

40 – 60 beats per minute

Slide33

__________ are abnormal electrical activities occurring in the atria before a normal sinus impulse can occur.

A. sinus arrhythmias

Atrial arrhythmias

Advanced arrhythmias

Basic arrhythmias

Slide34

__________ are abnormal electrical activities occurring in the atria before a normal sinus impulse can occur.

A. sinus arrhythmias

Atrial arrhythmias

Advanced arrhythmias

Basic arrhythmias

Slide35

Cardiac enzymes tests are a series of tests that are performed on samples of ______ obtained by ____________

1. gas; pulse oximeter

2. urine; catheter

3. blood; venipuncture

4. cardiac muscle; cardiac catheterization

Slide36

Cardiac enzymes tests are a series of tests that are performed on samples of ______ obtained by ____________

1. gas; pulse oximeter

2. urine; catheter

3.

blood; venipuncture

4. cardiac muscle; cardiac catheterization

Slide37

CBC stands for __________

A. complete body count

B. complete body condition

C. calcium blood count

D. complete blood count

Slide38

CBC stands for __________

A. complete body count

B. complete body condition

C. calcium blood count

D.

complete blood count

Slide39

The _________ echocardiogram can take clearer pictures of the heart than regular ultrasounds. This test may be done if a regular echocardiogram is unclear.

A. transesophageal

B. transthoracic

C. stress

D. pharmacologic stress

Slide40

The _________ echocardiogram can take clearer pictures of the heart than regular ultrasounds. This test may be done if a regular echocardiogram is unclear.

A.

transesophageal

B. transthoracic

C. stress

D. pharmacologic stress

Slide41

When is a pharmacologic stress test done?

Slide42

When is a pharmacologic stress test done?

When a patient is not physically able to do a treadmill stress test

Slide43

Angiography is used for diseases such as aneurisms, atherosclerosis, and ________ that changes or affect the blood vessels.

A. emphysema

B. thrombosis

C. chronic asthma

D. myocardial infarction

Slide44

Angiography is used for diseases such as aneurisms, atherosclerosis, and ________ that changes or affect the blood vessels.

A. emphysema

B. thrombosis

C. chronic asthma

D. myocardial infarction

Slide45

What is the difference between a thrombus and an embolus?

Slide46

What is the difference between a thrombus and an embolus?

Both are blood clots

A thrombus is stationary

An embolus moves

Slide47

The echocardiogram uses a transducer that transmits ____________ to take readings about the heart.

A. sound

B. chemical

C. electrical

D. electrolyte

Slide48

The echocardiogram uses a transducer that transmits ____________ to take readings about the heart.

A. sound

B. chemical

C. electrical

D. electrolyte

Slide49

Identify the following dysrhythmia.

Slide50

Identify the following dysrhythmia.

Slide51

Identify the following rhythm.

Slide52

Identify the following rhythm.

Slide53

Identify the following dysrhythmia.

Slide54

Identify the following dysrhythmia.

Slide55

Identify the following dysrhythmia(s).

Slide56

Identify the following dysrhythmia(s).Ventricular tachycardia to ventricular fibrillation

Slide57

What three things should you do for this patient?

Slide58

What four things should you do for this patient?1. check monitor – electrodes, gain2. Check CAB3. call 911/MD4. get AED

Slide59

Identify the following dysrhythmia.

Slide60

Identify the following dysrhythmia.Normal sinus rhythm with unifocal PVC’s

Slide61

Identify the following dysrhythmia.

Slide62

Identify the following dysrhythmia.Sinus Tachycardia

Slide63

Identify the following dysrhythmia.

Slide64

Identify the following dysrhythmia.

Slide65

Identify the following dysrhythmia.Atrial flutter

Slide66

Identify the following dysrhythmia.

Slide67

Identify the following dysrhythmia.

Slide68

Identify the following dysrhythmia.

Slide69

Identify the following dysrhythmia.Ventricular Bigimeny

Slide70

Identify the following dysrhythmia.Ventricular Bigimeny

Slide71

What is the rate of this rhythm?

Slide72

What is the rate of this rhythm?About 60 BPM – PVC’s are not counted as they don’t produce blood flow.

Slide73

Identify the following dysrhythmia.

Slide74

Identify the following dysrhythmia.

Slide75

Identify the following dysrhythmia.

Slide76

Identify the following dysrhythmia.Ventricular tachycardia

Slide77

Identify the following dysrhythmia.

Slide78

Identify the following dysrhythmia.NSR with PVC couplets

Slide79

Identify the following rhythm.

Slide80

Identify the following rhythm.Normal sinus rhythm

Slide81

Identify the following dysrhythmia.

Slide82

Identify the following dysrhythmia.Third degree heart block

Slide83

Slide84

Slide85

Slide86

Slide87