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Evaluating Water Resources Quality and Water Pollution in Evaluating Water Resources Quality and Water Pollution in

Evaluating Water Resources Quality and Water Pollution in - PowerPoint Presentation

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Evaluating Water Resources Quality and Water Pollution in - PPT Presentation

Karabuk Turkey Associate Prof Meral TOPCU SULAK mtopcukarabukedutr Introduction Karabuk City Study Area Description Materials and Methods Results Conclusions Contents ID: 703577

010 water 000 0050 water 010 0050 000 050 0030 black sea 001 drinking 0010 turkey 0020 western 0060

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Slide1

Evaluating Water Resources Quality and Water Pollution in Karabuk, Turkey

Associate

Prof.

Meral TOPCU SULAK

mtopcu@karabuk.edu.trSlide2

IntroductionKarabuk City

Study

Area DescriptionMaterials and MethodsResultsConclusions

Contents

2Slide3
Water

is an essential component for life on Earth, which contains minerals extremely important in human nutrition. However, the dramatic increase in population resulted in an enormous consumption of the world’s water reserves.Water issues are multi-dimensional including economical, social, political and cultural aspects. 3

IntroductionSlide4
Rapid

urbanization and increasing populations have accelerated the consumption of water resources and caused serious environmental problems in the last few decades.Numerous studies have shown serve water pollution, as well as adverse effects caused by exploitation, such as land subsidence, water ecosystem degradation, land desertification, drinking water pollution and associated human health

risk

.4IntroductionSlide5
The United Nations Millennium

Declaration adopted the goal of reducing by half the proportion of people without access to safe drinking water by the 2015. The supply of safe potable water has a significant impact on the prevention of water transmissible diseases.The abundance of organic compounds, toxic chemicals, radionuclides, nitrites and nitrates in potable water may cause adverse effects on the human health.It is essential to constantly monitor water quality used for drinking purposes. Contamination of potable water with

chemical

polluntants has a considerable impact on the Turkey population health.5IntroductionSlide6
Karabuk, Zonguldak

and Bartın are in the western black sea region of the Turkey, about 220 km from Ankara.6

Study

Area DescriptionSlide7

Karabük is a town and the capital district of Karabük Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey. According to the 2009 census, population of the city is 108 167. The district covers an area of 760 km2

,

and the town lies at an elevation of 354.Karabük was built in the 1930s as the seat of the iron and steel industry of Turkey. Karabük lies in a location near Filyos River formed by the merge of Araç and Soğanlı rivers.7

Karabuk City…Slide8

Sampling AreaThe

drinking water samples were collected from

3 different cities, 12 different locations in western black sea, Turkey.

8

Fig.

1.

Map

of

a

sampling

area

in

the

wes

tern

black

sea, Turkey.Slide9
Results (

Surface Water)

PARAMETER

SAMPLE IDA1A2A3A4

A5A6

A7A8

A9

A10

A11

A12

AB-1

AB-2

AB-3

Oil

- Gres,

ppm

0,600

0,400

0,600

2,400

0,800

2,000

0,600

2,800

0,800

1,800

0,800

2,000

1,800

2,400

1,000

Colour, Pt-Co3,1255,5104,1884,6015,2834,1369,1364,7526,6294,1438,1388,2335,4182,77011,972pH8,178,168,38,33o8,18,038,558,398,468,378,448,478,488,458,54SS, ppm0,8500,9000,7003,2002,4501,7500,4002,8503,4501,2501,05011,7503,7500,7000,200P, ppm0,0180,0170,0100,0150,0250,0220,0260,1360,0910,0120,0550,0210,0110,0360,033NH4+, ppm0,0060,0060,0250,0200,0302,1151,8572,3760,9700,0010,0090,1720,0090,1930,074COD, ppm5,3001,4005,3001,0000,9000,7000,80014,1006,8001,5001,3007,7005,3005,1006,400Y.A.M, ppm0,0020,0030,0030,0030,0050,0040,0050,0080,0030,0020,0040,0080,0020,0040,002Cr 6+, ppm0,0290,0110,0050,0060,0060,0010,0020,0020,0010,0080,0140,0080,0050,0030,007Cd, ppb1,9621,4110,9500,8540,6520,2710,3890,5090,4420,4080,4930,8400,4440,3870,395Co, ppb1,5430,4821,7440,4041,3190,6430,4861,5330,7970,8240,2321,1611,2700,1260,819Cr, ppb2,2911,5942,8781,5291,9681,7552,4011,5991,9671,2751,1170,9420,6660,3871,086Cu, ppb0,5740,3600,3100,1720,4682,8541,1181,5240,7320,6070,7560,1380,8350,2090,135Fe, ppb8,8499,5141,7165,3896,30163,27328,92023,97028,3382,05582,78323,571457,2405,37543,686Ni, ppb0,3430,2290,8340,0070,7480,6530,2430,3020,7071,6520,4730,3141,1970,6720,108Pb, ppb19,77230,66929,64431,25221,80319,68612,30820,43814,63615,3684,71818,4571,46522,46023,627Çinko, ppb4,25864,86416,37390,65623,44933,45716,24531,08624,4835,40014,5454,7106,6453,5916,862

9Slide10

10Results (Potable Water)

 

Western Black Sea(ZONGULDAK)StandartsParameterEreğli

DevrekKozlu

Turkish Standardization Institute

WHO

EPA

Turbidity

(NTU birimi)

0,360

0,230

0,360

25

5

5

Total

Coliform

0,000

0,000

0,000

<1

0

<1

F

-

0,312

0,247

0,268

1.5

1.5

0,7-2,4NO3-0,2160,5600,1485050 Hg<0,001<0,001<0,00100 Colour(Co-Pt )2,9342,6492,3972015 pH7,767,77/ 19,8o7,64/ 21,0o6.5-9.56.5-8.56.5-9.5SO4-27,54655,45022,616250250250Ca46,09278,55768,136200 Hardness(CaCO3)142,500157,000102,500500 Mg96,40878,44334,36450 CI-9,9977,4987,498250250250K1,549391,773070,8820912 Ag0,0004930,0012140,0005830.010.05 Al0,134390,1936270,0307180.200.201As0,0059760,0084260,0097840.010.010.01Ba0,1736420,0802280,078230.031 Cd0,0001990,0004870,0003910.0050.0030.003Cr(Total)0,0033380,0020460,0008580.050.050.05Cu0,000840,0030190,001516310Fe0,0407620,0409090,015180.20.30.2Mn0,0010990,001210,0005480.050.10.05Pb0,0002840,0032470,0042160.010.010.01Sb0,0081710,0020020,0066730.0050.0050.005Se0,001810,0093080,0078160.0100.010.01Zn0,120450,0252040,02078555 Slide11

 Western Black Sea(BARTIN)

Standarts

ParameterAmasra Merkez Orduyeri Ulus Turkish

Standardization Institute WHO

EPA

Turbidity

(NTU birimi)

0,730

0,430

0,430

25

5

5

Total

Coliform

0,000

0,000

0,000

<1

0

<1

F

-

0,256

0,325

0,294

1.5

1.5

0,7-2,4

NO

3-0,2330,4770,3655050 Hg<0,001<0,001<0,00100 Colour(Co-Pt )3,1792,5413,1992015 pH7,977,537,916.5-9.56.5-8.56.5-9.5SO4-210,19312,9671,955250250250Ca70,54086,17274,148200 Hardness(CaCO3)137,500142,500122,500500 Mg66,96056,32848,35250 CI-2,4997,4981,249250250250K0,9395821,619010,45396812 Ag0,0007750,0010060,000190.010.05 Al0,0145050,1746030,0960230.200.201As0,0072180,0081030,0070660.010.010.01Ba0,0549910,1482910,1237210.031 Cd0,0001440,0001750,0003290.0050.0030.003Cr(Total)0,0009310,0004650,0002290.050.050.05Cu0,0009170,0000810,013254310Fe0,0273260,0315440,0228610.20.30.2Mn0,0024310,0003730,0000160.050.10.05Pb0,0037340,0015970,0024150.010.010.01Sb0,0021610,0020850,0020870.0050.0050.005Se0,0029370,0020520,0016760.0100.010.01Zn0,0213460,0183860,17429455 11Results (Potable Water)Slide12

 Western Black Sea(KARABUK)

Standarts

ParameterMerkez EskipazarEflaniYenice

Turkish Standardization Institute

WHO EPA

Turbidity

(NTU birimi)

0.150

0.360

0.57

0.310

25

5

5

Total

Coliform

0

0

0

0

<1

0

<1

F

-

0.226

0.348

0.267

0.284

1.5

1.50,7-2,4NO3-0.8950.5090.1190.3105050 Hg<0.001<0.001<0.001<0.00100 Colour(Co-Pt )2.5012.3072.231.9072015 pH7.377.558.098.246.5-9.56.5-8.56.5-9.5SO4-226.812.744.78535,69250250250Ca62.1292.1826.0264.12200 Hardness(CaCO3)190170117.5142.5500 Mg187.2777.8191.4478.3750 CI-4.992.492.492.49250250250K2.070.721.721.1912 Ag0.00160.0010.0010.00010.010.05 Al0.00150.00980.0380.0880.200.201As0.00810.00690.0060.0060.010.010.01Ba0.04960.0540.1240.1190.031 Cd0.00040.00030.00020.00030.0050.0030.003Cr(Total)0.00230.0110.0010.00070.050.050.05Cu0.00240.0010.00050.0026310Fe0.0270.0260.1090.240.20.30.2Mn0.001900.0020.00050.050.10.05Pb0.00350.00030.0030.00240.010.010.01Sb0.00020.00380.0070.00020.0050.0050.005Se0.00510.00310.0170.00070.0100.010.01Zn0.19150.0600.0180.02755 12Results (Potable Water)Slide13
Conclusions

Several drinking water samples had values of EC, essential and trace elements are suitable the National Turkish and WHO drinking water standards.Ba and Mg concentrations exceed the guidelines for safe water for three cities (

Karabuk

, Zonguldak, Bartın). Western black sea region has hardness water. The parameters monitored in drinking water during the study satisfy the standards (set by WHO, EPA, EU, and the relevant Turkish Regulations) except for Ba and Mg. 13