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American Transcendentalism
American Transcendentalism

American Transcendentalism - PowerPoint Presentation

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American Transcendentalism - Description

Transcendentalism Transcendentalism was a group of new ideas in literature religion culture and philosophy emerged in New England in the earlyto mid 1800s Influences Greek philosopher Plato who believed that ideas not things are the most important element in life ID: 541518 Download Presentation

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Presentation on theme: "American Transcendentalism"— Presentation transcript

Slide1

American TranscendentalismSlide2

TranscendentalismTranscendentalism was a group of new ideas in

literature

,

religion

,

culture

, and

philosophy

emerged in New England in the early-to mid 1800’s.

Influences:

Greek philosopher, Plato, who believed that ideas not “things” are the most important element in life.

French philosopher and social reformer, Charles Fourier, who advocated a new socialist system of cooperation.

German philosopher, Immanuel Kant, who believed that most of the mysteries in life were beyond our understanding.

Orientalism/Mysticism which asserts the spiritual interconnectivity of all living things.

Though the transcendental movement was relatively short, its influence on the American culture is vast.Slide3

The First Transcendentalists

Ralph Waldo Emerson

Henry David ThoreauSlide4

Core Belief #1.

Human senses are limited; they convey knowledge of the physical world, but deeper truths can be grasped only through intuition (gut feeling).

“Most of the luxuries and many of the so-called comforts of life are not only not indispensable, but positive hindrances to the elevation of mankind.” (Emerson, “Self-Reliance”)Slide5

Core Belief #2.

God, nature, and humanity are united in a shared universal soul, or “Over-Soul”.

Unlike Puritans, they saw humans and nature as possessing an innate goodness.

“In the faces of men and women, I see God”

-Walt Whitman

Opposed strict ritualism and dogma of established religion.Slide6

Journal #1: What “life lessons” can be learned through observing trees?Slide7

“Heaven is under our feet as well as over our heads.”

Journal #2: What do you think this means? Do you agree?Slide8

Core Belief #3. No political or religious institution is as powerful or important as the individual.

“There is a time in every man’s education when he arrives at the conviction that envy is ignorance; that imitation in suicide…”

“What I must do is

all that concerns me,

not what people think…”

“…to be great is to be misunderstood

“Self-Reliance”--Emerson

Journal #3: What great men and women were (or are) misunderstood because their ideas, beliefs, or actions were unconventional?Slide9

“Our life is frittered away by detail

... Why should we live with such hurry and waste of life?”

“Still we live meanly like ants.”Slide10

“How deep the ruts of tradition and conformity.”Journal #4: How often have you unwittingly conformed to group behavior or expectations?Slide11

“If a man does not keep pace with his companions, perhaps it is because he hears a different drummer. Let him step to the music he hears, however measured or far away.”

Journal #5: What would you do if you weren’t afraid of being “different”?Slide12

Core Belief #4. The observation of nature shows the truth about human beings.

Thoreau began “essential” living

Built a cabin on land owned to Emerson in Concord, Mass.

n

ear Walden Pond

Lived alone there

for two years studying

nature and seeking

truth within himselfSlide13

“I went into the woods because I wished to live deliberately,

to front only the essential facts of life and see if I could not learn what it has to teach,

and not, when I came to die, discover that I had not lived.”

Journal #6: Write 3-4 sentences about a time when being in nature gave you a greater appreciation of life.Slide14
Slide15

“Civil Disobedience”--ThoreauThoreau’s essay urging passive, non-violent resistance to governmental policies to which an individual is morally opposed.

Influenced individuals such a Ghandi, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., and Cesar Chavez.Slide16

“[If injustice] is of such a nature that it requires you to be the agent of injustice to another, then, I say, break the law. Let your life be the friction to stop the machine.”

Journal #7: What, if any, laws or policies currently in effect require that you be the agent of injustice to another? Slide17
Slide18

Core Beliefs

Human senses are limited; they convey knowledge of the physical world, but deeper truths can be grasped only through intuition (gut feeling).

The observation of nature shows the truth about human beings.

God, nature, and humanity are united in a shared universal soul, or Over-Soul.

No political or religious institution is as powerful or important as the individual.

Journal #8: Which of these four core beliefs do you agree with most?