Rights of the Accused Unit 4 Chapter 20 Section 3
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Rights of the Accused
Unit 4 Chapter 20 Section 3Slide2
Writ of habeas corpus
To prevent unjust arrest and imprisonment, the prisoner is to be brought before the court, and the officer must show just cause why the prisoner should not be released.
Article I Section 9Slide3
Bill of attainder
a legislative act that provides for the punishment of a person without a court trial.
Related to Separation of Powers:
tell legislative body to be lawmakers, not judgesSlide4
Ex post facto law
a criminal law that applies to crime committed before the law was passed.
It is a criminal law
It applies to an act committed before its passage.
It works to the disadvantage of the accused.Slide5
The formal device by which a person can be accused of a serious crime.
a formal complaint that the prosecutor lays before a grand jury.
a formal accusation brought by grand jury on its own motion.Slide6
an affidavit in which the prosecutor swears that there is enough evidence to justify a trial.
part of the 5
amendment that says no person can be put in jeopardy of life or limb twice.Slide7
a trial in which a judge alone hears the case. No jury!
No person can be forced to be a witness against him or herself.Slide8
Right to a grand jury
No double jeopardy
Right to a speedy and public trial
Right to trial by an impartial jury
Right to adequate defense