Rights of the Accused Unit 4 Chapter 20 Section 3

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Writ of habeas corpus. Definition:. . To prevent unjust arrest and imprisonment, the prisoner is to be brought before the court, and the officer must show just cause why the prisoner should not be released. . ID: 776035 Download Presentation

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Rights of the Accused Unit 4 Chapter 20 Section 3




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Presentations text content in Rights of the Accused Unit 4 Chapter 20 Section 3

Slide1

Rights of the Accused

Unit 4 Chapter 20 Section 3

Slide2

Writ of habeas corpus

Definition:

To prevent unjust arrest and imprisonment, the prisoner is to be brought before the court, and the officer must show just cause why the prisoner should not be released.

Constitution guarantee

:

Article I Section 9

Slide3

Bill of attainder

Definition

:

a legislative act that provides for the punishment of a person without a court trial.

Related to Separation of Powers:

tell legislative body to be lawmakers, not judges

Slide4

Ex post facto law

Definition

:

a criminal law that applies to crime committed before the law was passed.

3 criteria:

It is a criminal law

It applies to an act committed before its passage.

It works to the disadvantage of the accused.

Slide5

Define:

Grand Jury:

The formal device by which a person can be accused of a serious crime.

Indictment:

a formal complaint that the prosecutor lays before a grand jury.

Presentment:

a formal accusation brought by grand jury on its own motion.

Slide6

Define:

Information:

an affidavit in which the prosecutor swears that there is enough evidence to justify a trial.

Double jeopardy:

part of the 5

th

amendment that says no person can be put in jeopardy of life or limb twice.

Slide7

Define:

Bench Trial:

a trial in which a judge alone hears the case. No jury!

Self-incrimination:

No person can be forced to be a witness against him or herself.

Slide8

Right

Amendment

Right to a grand jury

 

5

th

No double jeopardy

5

th

 

Right to a speedy and public trial

 

6

th

Right to trial by an impartial jury

 

6

th

Right to adequate defense

 

6

th

No self-incrimination

 

5

th


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