Survey Says…:

Survey Says…: Survey Says…: - Start

Added : 2017-08-02 Views :29K

Download Presentation

Survey Says…:




Download Presentation - The PPT/PDF document "Survey Says…:" is the property of its rightful owner. Permission is granted to download and print the materials on this web site for personal, non-commercial use only, and to display it on your personal computer provided you do not modify the materials and that you retain all copyright notices contained in the materials. By downloading content from our website, you accept the terms of this agreement.



Presentations text content in Survey Says…:

Slide1

Survey Says…: Determining What Usage Is and Isn’t Acceptable

Anne

Curzan

University of Michigan

TESOL 2016 International Convention

April 8, 2016

Slide2

Richard Grant White, Words and Their Uses (1876):

Donate. – I need hardly say, that this word is utterly abominable—one that any lover of simple honest English cannot hear with patience and without offence. It has been formed by some presuming and ignorant person from donation… (205-6)

Matthew Brady, Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division

Slide3

Slide4

en·thuse (ĕn·thōoz') v.tr. 1. To cause to become enthusiastic. 2. To say or utter with enthusiasm.v.intr. To show or express enthusiasmUSAGE NOTE: The verb enthuse, a back-formation from enthusiasm, is viewed as an irritant by many. The sentence The majority leader enthused over his party's gains was rejected by 76 percent of the Usage Panel in our 1982 survey, by 65 percent in 1997, and by 66 percent in 2009.

American Heritage College Dictionary, 5th ed.

Slide5

http://corpus.byu.edu/coca

Slide6

Slide7

Enthuse in formal writing

Even on Putin's signature issue, Chechnya, his supporters are only slightly more

enthused

than the average citizen about keeping the republic Russian at all costs. (

Foreign Affairs

, 2001)

… current fashion overstates the sources of conflict in that region and

enthuses

too much about the need for Pan-European arrangements. (

Journal of International Affairs

, 1991)

Slide8

im·pactUSAGE NOTE: Impact came under criticism in the 1960s for its use both as a noun and verb, at least in the figurative use describing a dramatic influence or effect. The noun was criticized as a pointless hyperbole and as a vogue word. But complaints about the noun were not long-lived, and this usage has firmly established itself as standard. In our 2001 survey, 93 percent of the Usage Panel accepted the noun in the sentence The program might have a positive moral impact on inner-city youth. …

American Heritage College Dictionary, 5th ed.

Slide9

im·pactUSAGE NOTE: … Whatever the reason, a large majority of the Usage Panel has disapproved of the use of the verb meaning "to have an effect" since the early 1980s. Even in our 2001 survey, 85 percent of the Panel rejected the intransitive use in the sentence These policies are impacting on our ability to achieve success, and 80 percent rejected the transitive use in the sentence The court ruling will impact the education of minority students.

American Heritage College Dictionary, 5th ed.

Slide10

Different meanings of “grammar”

vs.

I’ll often use the term “usage” instead.

Slide11

The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language Usage Panel

Slide12

American Heritage Dictionary Front Matter

 

The Usage Panel should not be thought of as an academy empowered to rule on all questions of disputed usage. That is an expedient that the English-speaking world has rejected since the 18

th

century, and in a world where English is established as the language of a heterogeneous international community, the idea that any group or individual might arrogate the authority to fix standards seems not only illiberal but absurd. … Ultimately, readers will want to make up their own minds about each of such usage issues, but the opinions of the Panel may provide a useful point of reference. (xii)

Slide13

How we judge “acceptability”: Four case studies

Different from/than/to

Singular generic

they

Split infinitives

Starting a sentence with

And

or

But

Slide14

How we judge “acceptability”: Four case studies

Different from/than/to

Singular generic

they

Split infinitives

Starting a sentence with

And

or

But

Slide15

How we judge “acceptability”: Four case studies

Different from/than/to

Singular generic

they

Split infinitives

Starting a sentence with

And

or

But

Slide16

Slide17

theyUSAGE NOTE: … Most of the Usage Panel still upholds the practice of traditional pronoun agreement, but in decreasing numbers. In our 1996 survey, 80 percent rejected the use of they in the sentence A person at that level should not have to keep track of the hours they put in. In 2008, however, only 62 percent of the Panel still held this view, and by 2011, just 55 percent disapproved of the sentence Each student must have their pencil sharpened. …

American Heritage College Dictionary, 5th ed.

Slide18

theyUSAGE NOTE: … Moreover, in 2008, a majority of the Panel accepted the use of they with antecedents such as anyone and everyone, pronouns that are grammatically singular but carry a plural meaning. Some 56 percent accepted the sentence If anyone calls, tell them I can't come to the phone, and 59 percent accepted Everyone returned to their seats. The trend, then, is clear. Writers who choose to use they with a singular antecedent should rest assured that they are in good company—even if a fair number of traditionalists still wince at the usage.

American Heritage College Dictionary, 5th ed.

Slide19

How we judge “acceptability”: Four case studies

Different from/than/toSingular generic theySplit infinitivesStarting a sentence with And or But

To boldly go

Slide20

How we judge “acceptability”: Four case studies

Different from/than/to

Singular generic

they

Split infinitives

Starting a sentence with

And

or

But

Slide21

Slide22

Survey Says…: Determining What Usage Is and Isn’t Acceptable

Anne

Curzan

acurzan@umich.edu

TESOL 2016 International Convention

April 8, 2016


About DocSlides
DocSlides allows users to easily upload and share presentations, PDF documents, and images.Share your documents with the world , watch,share and upload any time you want. How can you benefit from using DocSlides? DocSlides consists documents from individuals and organizations on topics ranging from technology and business to travel, health, and education. Find and search for what interests you, and learn from people and more. You can also download DocSlides to read or reference later.
Youtube