Indonesian Elections How does the system work? - PowerPoint Presentation

Indonesian Elections How does the system work?
Indonesian Elections How does the system work?

Indonesian Elections How does the system work? - Description

Indonesias parliamentary and presidential elections Indonesia went to the polls twice in 2014 for both parliamentary and presidential elections It would be the fourth time Indonesia had held elections since President Suharto resigned in 1998 after 30 years in power amid violent antigovernment ID: 815224 Download


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Indonesian Elections


How does the system work?

Indonesia's parliamentary and presidential elections


Indonesia went to the polls twice in 2014, for both parliamentary and presidential elections.

It would be the fourth time Indonesia had held elections since President Suharto resigned in 1998 after 30 years in power, amid violent anti-government protests.

The parliamentary election - held on April 9, 2014- elected members for both the national and regional legislatures.


Parties in Indonesia


‘Nationalist’ Parties

PD (Democrat Party) was created as electoral vehicle for SBY

PDI-P (Indonesian Democratic Party of Struggle)





Islamic Parties

Two types: ‘pluralist’ and Islamist

Pluralist Islamic parties rely on support of mainstream Islamic organisations and use Islamic symbols but do not promote sharia agendas

Formal ideological basis is Pancasila, not Islam

Islamist parties have more ideological Islamic agenda, including support for sharia implementation

Often more exclusivist in orientation


Pluralist Islamic parties

PKB (National Awakening Party) founded by Abdurrahman Wahid (Gus Dur) and based on Nahdlatul Ulama community

PAN (National Mandate Party) founded by Amien Rais and based on Muhammadiyah community


Islamist Parties

PPP (United Development Party) based on both NU and Muhammadiyah communities

PBB (Crescent Star Party) led by Forestry Minister MS Kaban

PKS (Prosperous Justice Party) is most interesting of Islamist parties


Presidential Elections

Importance of the 20%-25% thresholds for nominating candidates

Limits tickets to 2 or 3

Possibility of only one pair of candidates

All parties waiting for legislative election results before finalising tickets

Highly fluid situation; few parties willing to commit themselves at this stage



An entrenched


controlling political parties has been behind the setting of high barriers-to-entry for presidential candidates through electoral laws.




The Oligarchs

A New Voter

1/3 of electorate (60m people) are f

irst-time participants in 2014

- not loyal to any political party.

Requires new ways to reach out.

Apparent candidates: PDI-P’s Joko Widodo, Golkar Aburizal Bakrie, Gerindra’s Prabowo Subianto. A Jokowi’s victory would signal the beginning of change in

Indonesian Politics

Dynamics of Change

Presidential Election in 2014

The Jokowi Factor

Huge surprise from Joko Widodo

’ victory to be Jakarta governer,

served as a wake-up call for the major political parties.

A n


figure with a common touch and strong connection with the broad masses


The Big Questions

Critical c





or “


”, the front runner

How to maintain popular appeal


Jokowi’s opponent will be using all means to attack his image

as an effective and clean leader.

Who would be the ideal coalition partners?


he choice of coalition partners needs to be strategic to guarantee victory


Who is the right running mat



The choice of VP for PDI-P will influence voter decisions


Tough c


faced by

Prabowo Subianto, currently pooling secondHow to pass the

threshold? First, a vote for Gerindra party is a vote for his presidency; and second, finding willing and capable coalition partners. How to get the ‘right’ running mate? To find the one that can compensate for his weakness

es and connect with the electorate.Aburizal

Bakrie, the least popular candidateVictory is not the point. He probably knows he can’t win, but his main objective is to remain as chairman of Golkar and therefore retain his political influence (and protect his business empire).


In Your Opinion

Does Indonesia still need Presidential Election?

Do you think that the president chosen by most people in Indonesia guaranted to be the best one?

How about if the President chosen does not care the people after election?

How to handle such a situation?


How about Parliamentary Elections?

Does Indonesia still need Parliamentary Election?

When the candidates elected, do they realize all they program?

What are the advantages and disadvantages of holding Parliamentary Elections?

Shom More....