Brazil’s Role in Global Issues PowerPoint Presentation, PPT - DocSlides

Brazil’s Role in Global Issues PowerPoint Presentation, PPT - DocSlides

2016-05-21 81K 81 0 0

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Agenda. Foreign Aid. Current Diplomacy. Energy/Ethanol. Environment. Brazil’s Foreign Aid Program. Brazil's provision of foreign aid to developing countries is not new; Member of the SSC (South-South cooperation) for the past 40 years. ID: 329037

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Presentations text content in Brazil’s Role in Global Issues

Slide1

Brazil’s Role in Global Issues

Slide2

Agenda

Foreign Aid

Current Diplomacy

Energy/Ethanol

Environment

Slide3

Brazil’s Foreign Aid Program

Brazil's provision of foreign aid to developing countries is not new; Member of the SSC (South-South cooperation) for the past 40 years

The South American giant is both a recipient and provider of aid which gives it a better understanding of the needs and constraints facing developing countries as aid recipients

The foreign aid program in Brazil supports agriculture, health, education and technological growth in developing countries

Brazil’s lavishing assistance in Africa and

C

entral America has helped it compete with China and India for soft-power influence in the developing world

Slide4

Brazil Gives Back

Brazil is heavily involved in the most successful post earthquake initiative

in

Haiti (Lèt Agogo)

Embrapa, a Brazilian research outfit, has helped significantly increase cotton yields in Mali

Odebrecht, a Brazilian construction firm, is building much of Angola’s water supply and is one of the biggest contractors in

Africa

Brazil contributes $300 Million to the World Food Program, $350 Million to Haiti, $100 million to United Nations Development Program, $30 Million to ABC (Brazilian

C

ooperation Agency) and $ 450 million for in-kind expertise provided by Brazilian institutions involved in technical cooperation around the world

BNDES, Brazilian State Development

B

ank has given out over $3.3 Billion in loans to developing countries in Central America and Africa since 2008

Slide5

Foreign Aid Notable

F

acts

Current calculations suggest that Brazilian aid is around $1 Billion a year which puts it on par with India, Sweden and Canada

This surge in aid has put Brazil ahead of other Development Assistance Committee members like Finland, Ireland and Portugal.

Brazil’s foreign aid policy has come under some scrutiny at home and abroad because the country still has large pockets of third world poverty.

Slide6

Brazil and the U.S.

Brazil wants to be respected as a world power

Protect

its own interest in international

affairs

U.N. Security Council

Humanitarian mission in Haiti

Non-interventionist

U.S. wants to ensure exports to Brazil, spur jobs in the U.S.

Arguably the most effecting intermediary between Washington and a resurgent, anti-U.S. Latin left”

Hemispheric divide of

interests

Slide7

Diplomacy in Iran

2010, President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva traveled to Tehran to discuss Iran’s nuclear plans with President Ahmadinejad

U.S. & U.N. not pleased, seen as way to stall proposed sanctions

Brazil opposed sanctions, wanted to protect its own nuclear interest

Developed uranium enrichment capabilities in secret in the 1970s

Signed the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty a decade later

Widely regarded as having little to do with Iran, and more to do with Lula’s interest in earning respect

Slide8

Energy in Brazil – Ethanol

1973

oil crisis (oil embargo by Arab members of OPEC) spurs Brazilian government to invest in R&D for alternative energies

Since 1976, minimum amount of ethanol must be blended with gasoline in

fuels

all

gas stations must sell gasoline, diesel,

and

ethanol by law

Cleaner and cheaper to produce than oil (and U.S. corn-based ethanol)

61% decrease in greenhouse gas emissions

vs. gasoline

or diesel

18-25

% of fuel blends must be

ethanol (2011)

Brazilian car manufacturing industry develops “flex-fuel” vehicles that can run on either gas or ethanol

92% of all new cars and light vehicles sold in 2009 were flex-fuel

Driver chooses which type of fuel to

use

Slide9

Energy in Brazil – Ethanol

2

nd

largest ethanol fuel producer

globally (30

% of global supply; US

50

%)

Agricultural advantage: Brazil produces 40% of

world’s sugarcane

2011 d

ecline

in Brazil’s ethanol exports

(high

prices and unfavorable

weather damaged sugarcane

crops)

US

#1 in 2011

Not necessarily an energy panacea

Need more land

for sugarcane

crop

rainforest deforestation (and higher net carbon emissions

), endangered species

Nitrogen fertilizer used to grow sugarcane produces nitrous

oxide (greenhouse gas)

Working conditions of sugar field workers

Looking ahead:

12/31/2011: expiration of (a) US tax credits for corn-based ethanol and (b) sugarcane ethanol import tariffs opens US market to Brazilian sugarcane ethanol firms (e.g.

Cosan

)

Slide10

The Environment:

Growing Support for Legislation

1986- Brazilian National Environmental Policy (BNEP) signals serious effort to improve

Deforestation and loss of Amazon are biggest global concerns

Brazil leads air and water pollution reduction efforts in emerging markets

Slide11

Climate Change Initiatives

16.2% of Brazil’s forest were cleared by 2003

Loss of land productivity, biodiversity loss, net emissions of greenhouse gases, and irregular water cycles

2010 Climate Change Conference COP 15- reduce greenhouse gas emissions between 36-39% by 2020

2011 REDD policy changes may reopen Amazon to logging and allow non-native species Suggesting privatization of forest and soils through carbon markets

Slide12

Reducing Air and Industrial Pollution

Air:

Sao Paulo- only certain cars with a license plate ending on a corresponding day of the week to drive certain days.

Water:

Chevron oil spill in November 2011- 3% of total production; Brazil demanding $10.6B in damages and threat of shutting down operations

Implemented

quality and quantity-related water charges in regulations to promote reuse

Hosting 2012 Earth Summit (Rio+20)- signal of commitment to sustainable development and green economy with necessary Open Government Partnership

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