Knowledge attitude and practice of mothers Knowledge attitude and practice of mothers regarding diarrhoeal illness in children five regarding diarrhoeal illness in children five years of age and belo

Knowledge attitude and practice of mothers Knowledge attitude and practice of mothers regarding diarrhoeal illness in children five regarding diarrhoeal illness in children five years of age and belo - Description

Kevisetuo Anthony Dzeyie For EIS Conference Nov 2013 brPage 2br Background Background Second leading cause of death Important cause of malnutrition Three episodes each year for children yrs in developing countries like India Accounts for 760 000 dea ID: 22309 Download Pdf

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Knowledge attitude and practice of mothers Knowledge attitude and practice of mothers regarding diarrhoeal illness in children five regarding diarrhoeal illness in children five years of age and belo

Kevisetuo Anthony Dzeyie For EIS Conference Nov 2013 brPage 2br Background Background Second leading cause of death Important cause of malnutrition Three episodes each year for children yrs in developing countries like India Accounts for 760 000 dea

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Knowledge attitude and practice of mothers Knowledge attitude and practice of mothers regarding diarrhoeal illness in children five regarding diarrhoeal illness in children five years of age and belo




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Presentation on theme: "Knowledge attitude and practice of mothers Knowledge attitude and practice of mothers regarding diarrhoeal illness in children five regarding diarrhoeal illness in children five years of age and belo"— Presentation transcript:


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Knowledge, attitude and practice of mothers Knowledge, attitude and practice of mothers regarding diarrhoeal illness in children five regarding diarrhoeal illness in children five years of age and below: years of age and below: A cross A cross sectional study in an urban slum of sectional study in an urban slum of Delhi, India, 2012 Delhi, India, 2012 Presented By Dr. Kevisetuo Anthony Dzeyie For EIS Conference Nov’ 2013
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Background Background Second leading cause of death Important cause of malnutrition Three episodes each year for children yrs in developing

countries like India Accounts for 760 000 deaths in 212 000 deaths in India
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Background contd.. Background contd.. Preventable and treatable disease Mothers play central role in management and prevention Suboptimal application of diarrhoea management guidelines and use of oral rehydration solution in communities Urban slums at risk worldwide Community based survey done in an urban slum
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Objective Objective etermine the knowledge, attitude and practice regarding diarrhoeal illness, its prevention and management in mothers of children five years of age and below


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Methodology 1/2 Methodology 1/2 Community based descriptive cross sectional study Gokulpuri an urban slum, located in north eastern part of Delhi Five days period in September 2012 Gokulpuri
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Methodology Methodology 2/2 2/2 Study population include mothers who have their last living child five years old or below Sample size of 125 Systematic random sampling method Face to face interview done to collect nformation using semi structured questionnaire multiple choice option and Likert five item scale
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Results Results 1/7 1/7 y 125 mothers

interviewed y Median age of respondents was 27 yrs y Mean age of their child was yrs y 80 had total monthly family income in the range INR 000 15 000 y Majority of them were educated up to matriculate Socio demographic profile
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37 had an episode of diarrhoea within the last month 96 defined diarrhoea appropriately Less than third of the mothers knew critical signs of dehydration Result 2/7 Result 2/7 How do you detect that your child is having dehydration? Sunken eyes Dry lips & tongue Less elasticity of skin Low output of urine Irritability Others
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Water and

food factors Results Results 3/7 3/7 80 perceived contaminated food and drinking water as causes of diarrhoea 83 considered drinking clean water important for prevention of diarrhoea Only 36 followed any household purification of water
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Personal hygiene Results Results 4/7 4/7 77 knew hand washing with soap prevents diarrhoea 90 considered hand washing with soap important for prevention of diarrhoea 88 were practising hand washing with soap after defecation/handling of child’s stool
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Environmental hygiene Only 31 had knowledge on importance of use of latrine

Only 44 acknowledged “unhygienic surroundings as responsible factor for diarrhoea Only 19 accepted that safe disposal of stool was very important 58 appropriately disposed child’s stool Results Results 5/7 5/7
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Breast feeding Only 22 knew role of breastfeeding in prevention of diarrhoea 74 had positive attitude towards need for exclusive breast feeding 68 continued breast feeding during diarrhoea 90 exclusive breast feeding for months Results Results 6/7 6/7
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Oral rehydration solution 42 had incomplete knowledge about preparation of ORS Only 25 considered ORS

as the mainstay treatment 75 gave ORS to child Results Results /7 /7
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Conclusion Conclusion Health behaviours pertaining to diarrhoea in communities are complex Presence of health knowledge has not always translated into healthier attitude and practice Healthy behaviours have been adopted even in absence of necessary knowledge The knowledge, attitude and behaviour of mothers from this community towards diarrhoeal illness of their children still needs reasonable improvement
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Recommendations Recommendations 9 Sensitization of the community on the relevance of

breastfeeding and ORS in diarrhoea 9 Need to educate the community regarding signs of dehydration 9 Innovative IEC strategies need to be adopted to imbibe principles of environmental hygiene in the community 9 Further research necessary to find out why there is mismatch between knowledge, attitude and relevant practices
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Acknowledgement Acknowledgement y Dr.L.S.Chauhan , Director, NCDC y Dr Anil Kumar, Addl Director & HOD Epidemiology) y Dr. Tanzin Dikid y Dr. Aakash Shrivastava y MPH 2012 Batchmates
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