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Scope for the circular economy to affect GHG and employment embodied in trade

Sam J G . Cooper. a. , Jonathan B . Norman. a. , . Palash. . Kamruzzaman. b. , Geoff P Hammond. a. University of Bath, Bath UK. University of South Wales, Pontypridd, UK. sjgcooper@bath.edu. Sustainable lifestyles, livelihoods and the circular .

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Scope for the circular economy to affect GHG and employment embodied in trade






Presentation on theme: "Scope for the circular economy to affect GHG and employment embodied in trade"— Presentation transcript:

Slide1

Scope for the circular economy to affect GHG and employment embodied in trade

Sam J G

Cooper

a

, Jonathan B Normana, Palash Kamruzzamanb, Geoff P HammondaUniversity of Bath, Bath UKUniversity of South Wales, Pontypridd, UKsjgcooper@bath.edu

Sustainable lifestyles, livelihoods and the circular economy27th – 29th June 2017

EPRSC grant: EP/N022645/1

Slide2

Background

1. The effects of circular economy approaches are felt outside the region adopting them:

Sustainable lifestyles, livelihoods and the circular

economy 27th

– 29th June 2017Cooper, S. J. G., Giesekam, J., Hammond, G. P., Norman, J. B., Owen, A., Rogers, J. G., & Scott, K. (2017). Thermodynamic insights and assessment of the “circular economy.” Journal of Cleaner Production. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2017.06.169

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Background

2. Different regions have different relationships between impacts based on consumption or production

Sustainable lifestyles, livelihoods and the circular

economy 27th

– 29th June 2017

3. Exporting goods and services is responsible for emissions but also value creation

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How might macro-scale effects vary?

Modelling approximation: circular economy approaches replace the need for raw material inputs with alternatives. E.g. refurbishment, material efficiency, reuse, recycling etc.

Supply chain effects assessment based on Multi-regional input-output analysis

Linear, aggregated model

Which regions might be affected?Which regions and sectors cause effects?

Sustainable lifestyles, livelihoods and the circular economy 27th – 29th June 2017Eora dataset, worldmrio.comLenzen, M., Kanemoto, K., Moran, D., Geschke, A. Mapping the Structure of the World Economy (2012). Env. Sci. Tech. 46(15) pp 8374-8381. DOI:10.1021/es300171xManfred Lenzen , Daniel Moran , Keiichiro Kanemoto & Arne Geschke (2013) Building Eora: A Global Multi-regional Input-Output Database at High Country and Sector Reso lution, Economic Systems Research, 25:1, 20-49, DOI:10.1080/09535314.2013.769938

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Global impact per % of global transition

Sustainable lifestyles, livelihoods and the circular

economy 27th

– 29th June 2017

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Regional impact per % of global transition

Sustainable lifestyles, livelihoods and the circular

economy 27th

– 29th June 2017

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Regional impact per % regional transition

Sustainable lifestyles, livelihoods and the circular

economy 27th

– 29th June 2017

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Global impact per % regional transition

Sustainable lifestyles, livelihoods and the circular

economy 27th

– 29th June 2017

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Sectors – impact per % transition

Sustainable lifestyles, livelihoods and the circular

economy 27th

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Sectors – impact per $ moved

Sustainable lifestyles, livelihoods and the circular

economy 27th

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Conclusions

Effect of others adopting it may force adaptation.

Disruption potentially highest for low-income regions, but also greatest scope for benefit

Nations adopting CE approaches generally benefit.

Even if sectoral profit ratios unaffectedGenerally, high-income regions see less employment churn for given level of change.Potential savings per $ vary but can be high.Further research – case studies considering actual challenges in transition.

Sustainable lifestyles, livelihoods and the circular economy 27th – 29th June 2017

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All sectors and regions

Sustainable lifestyles, livelihoods and the circular

economy 27th

– 29th June 2017

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All sectors and regions

Sustainable lifestyles, livelihoods and the circular

economy 27th

– 29th June 2017

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All sectors and regions

Sustainable lifestyles, livelihoods and the circular

economy 27th

– 29th June 2017