Oracle Data Guard 11g Release 2 with Oracle Enterprise Manager 11g Grid Control

Oracle Data Guard 11g Release 2 with Oracle Enterprise Manager 11g Grid Control Oracle Data Guard 11g Release 2 with Oracle Enterprise Manager 11g Grid Control - Start

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Oracle Data Guard 11g Release 2 with Oracle Enterprise Manager 11g Grid Control - Description

Oracle Data Guard 11g Release 2 with Oracle Enterprise Manager 10g Grid Control . Introduction to High Availability. Data Guard Concepts. Managing Data Guard with OEM . Setup Data Guard without OEM. Introduction to High Availability. ID: 695663 Download Presentation

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Oracle Data Guard 11g Release 2 with Oracle Enterprise Manager 11g Grid Control




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Presentations text content in Oracle Data Guard 11g Release 2 with Oracle Enterprise Manager 11g Grid Control

Slide1

Oracle Data Guard 11g Release 2 with Oracle Enterprise Manager 11g Grid Control

Slide2

Oracle Data Guard 11g Release 2 with Oracle Enterprise Manager 10g Grid Control

Introduction to High Availability

Data Guard Concepts

Managing Data Guard with OEM

Setup Data Guard without OEM

Slide3

Introduction to High Availability

Availability is the degree of accessibility of an application, service or system. It is measured as the percentage of uptime in a given year.

Characteristics of a highly available systems

Reliability

Resiliency

No single point of failure (SPOF)RecoverabilityTimely error detectionContinuous operation

Slide4

Introduction to High Availability

Service Level Agreement (SLA): agreement between two parties specifying levels of availability, performance or operation. In the contract the level of each service should be clearly defined.

Recovery Time Objective (RTO): maximum amount of time that application, service or system can be down before the organization starts suffering unacceptable consequences.

Recovery Point Objective (RPO): maximum amount of data that can be lost without harm to the organization as a result from failure of an application, service or system.

Finalize with all stake holders prior to DR planning and implementation

Slide5

Introduction to High Availability

Unplanned

Site failure

Cluster failure

Computer failure

System failureStorage failureData corruptionHuman errorHang or slowdownNatural disasterPlannedSystem and database changesData changesApplication changesResiliency and protection from failures

Slide6

Introduction to High Availability

Present demand for high availability

Oracle HA solutions as response

Oracle RAC

Oracle Data Guard

Oracle FlashbackOracle StreamsOracle GoldengateHow we benefit leveraging Oracle RAC, Oracle Data Guard and Oracle Flashback implementing MAA? How Oracle RAC, Oracle Data Guard, Oracle Flashback work in tandem in implementing MAA solutions.Data Guard ConfigurationsFast Start failoverFlashback as a way to avoid restoring the primary from backup in case of a failover, converting it to standby and synching it with the new primary.OEM as a primary tool for managing MAA solutions.

Slide7

Data Guard Concepts

Oracle Data Guard provides the managements, monitoring and automation software to create and maintain one or more standby databases to protect Oracle data from failures, disasters, human errors and data corruption

Data Guard configuration consist of one primary database and one or more standby databases. The databases in a Data Guard configuration may be dispersed geographically.

Managing primary and standby databases can be done using SQL command-line interfaces, Data Guard broker interfaces or using a GUI interface provided with OEM Grid Control.

Slide8

Data Guard Concepts

Primary database: accessed by most applications, can be a single instance or RAC database

Standby database: consistent copy of the primary database. Maintained automatically using redo data. Can be a single-instance or RAC database.

Slide9

Data Guard Concepts

Physical Standby database

Provides a block-for-block physically identical copy of the primary database.

Synchronized through Redo Apply. Redo records are shipped and applied to the standby database.

Benefits:

Switchover and failoverStandby database can be open in read only mode while redo apply continues ( Active data Guard). Can not be used when with reporting tools requiring read-write access such as repository creation.Can be used as a robust DR implementation.Logical Standby database

Provides a logically (transactionally) identical copy of the primary database. Contains the same logical information as the primary database although the physical organization and structure can be different.

Synchronized via SQL Apply. Redo records are shipped to the standby database and mined and applied as a SQL to the standby database.

Additional structures can be created to optimize the reporting workload.

Some restrictions on data types, types of tables and types of DDL and DML operations.

Benefits:

Switchover and failover

Standby database open in read-write mode. Offload production when apps need read-write access but do not modify primary data such as when repositories are created.

Can be used to perform upgrades to primary database with near zero downtime.

Slide10

Data Guard Concepts

Switchover : the primary database transition to a standby role and the standby database transition to the primary role. It is used during the course of a planned maintenance of the primary database and ensure no data loss. Final EOR is applied on the standby database.

Failover: Occurs when the primary database is unavailable. Failover is performed only in case of a failure of the primary database and the failover results in a transition of a standby database to the primary role. Final EOR is not applied on the standby database.

Slide11

Data Guard Concepts

Maximum availability

: Archive destination is mandatory with log writer sync and affirm. Set by ‘alter database set standby to maximize availability’. Transactions do not commit until all redo data needed to recover the transactions has been written to the online redo log and to the standby redo log on at least one synchronized standby database. Ensures zero data loss except in case of certain failures when standby can not receive redo from primary.

Maximum performance:

Archive destination is either mandatory/optional and transport is log writer or archive process and synchronous or asynchronous. Set by ‘alter database set standby to maximize performance’ .Is the default protection mode. Transactions commit as soon as redo data generated by those transactions has been written to the online log. Offers less data protection than maximum availability mode.

Maximum protection: Archive destination is mandatory with log writer sync and affirm. Set by ‘alter database set standby to maximize protection’. Redo data needed to recover as a transaction must be written to both the online redo log and to the standby database redo log on at least one synchronized standby database before the transaction commits. Ensures zero data loss.

Slide12

Data Guard Concepts

New features in 11gR1

Support up to 9 standby databases.

Real time query capability of physical standby database (New Active Data Guard) feature.

User configurable conditions to initiate fast-start failover.

New Snapshot Data Guard feature.Transport of redo data using SSLSupport of TDE with Data Guard SQL Apply.

New features in 11gR2

Support up to 30 standby databases.

Integrated support for Application failover.

Compressed table support in logical standby databases.

Automatic redo corruption detection and repair.

Slide13

Data Guard Concepts

Lets put it together…

Slide14

Managing Data Guard with OEM

Add physical or logical standby database.

Crate a new physical or logical standby database

Add an existing standby database for management with Data Guard Broker.

Flexible options for creating standby database based on RMAN features for backup and cloning.

Direct cloning using the primary database as a source.Using a staged backupCreated with create standby database wizardCreated as level 0 and level 1 regular backupMonitor performance of a standby databaseRedo Generation RateRedo Apply RateTransport LagApply LagMonitor the archiving and application of redo logVerify structure of a Data GuardPerform Switchover or FailoverSet the type of a standby database (Active Data Guard & Snapshot Data Guard)Manage a Data Guard configuration and set fast-start failover.

Slide15

Managing Data Guard with OEM

Add physical or logical standby database.

Slide16

Managing Data Guard with OEM

Add physical standby database.

Slide17

Managing Data Guard with OEM

Add physical standby database.

Slide18

Managing Data Guard with OEM

Add physical standby database.

Slide19

Managing Data Guard with OEM

Add physical standby database.

Slide20

Managing Data Guard with OEM

Add physical standby database.

Slide21

Managing Data Guard with OEM

Add physical standby database.

Slide22

Managing Data Guard with OEM

Add physical standby database.

Slide23

Managing Data Guard with OEM

Add physical standby database.

Slide24

Managing Data Guard with OEM

Add physical standby database.

Slide25

Managing Data Guard with OEM

Add physical standby database.

After adding a standby database new options under Data Guard hyperlink appears

What we gain?

Slide26

Managing Data Guard with OEM

Verify structure of a Data Guard

Slide27

Managing Data Guard with OEM

Verify structure of a Data Guard

What OEM do for us?

What we need to do if we do it ourselves?

Initializing

Connected to instance oel55.gj.com:D11PStarting alert log monitor...Updating Data Guard link on database homepage...Skipping verification of fast-start failover static services check.Data Protection Settings: Protection mode : Maximum Performance Redo Transport Mode settings: D11P: ASYNC D11P1: ASYNC Checking standby redo log files.....OKChecking Data Guard status D11P : Normal

D11P1 : Normal

Checking inconsistent properties

Checking agent status

Checking applied log on D11P1...OK

Processing completed.

Slide28

Managing Data Guard with OEM

Monitor performance of a standby database

Slide29

Managing Data Guard with OEM

Monitor performance of a standby database

Slide30

Managing Data Guard with OEM

Manage a Data Guard configuration

Slide31

Managing Data Guard with OEM

Manage a Data Guard configuration

Slide32

Managing Data Guard with OEM

Manage a Data Guard configuration

Slide33

Managing Data Guard with OEM

Manage a Data Guard configuration

Slide34

Managing Data Guard with OEM

Manage a Data Guard configuration

Slide35

Managing Data Guard with OEM

Manage a Data Guard configuration – Perform a switchover

Slide36

Managing Data Guard with OEM

Manage a Data Guard configuration – Perform a Failover

Slide37

Managing Data Guard with OEM

Manage a Data Guard configuration – Perform a Failover

Slide38

Managing Data Guard with OEM

Manage a Data Guard configuration – Perform a Failover & Reinstate the old physical database

Slide39

Managing Data Guard with OEM

Manage a Data Guard configuration – Perform a Failover & Reinstate the old physical database

Slide40

Managing Data Guard with OEM

Manage a Data Guard configuration – Configure fast-start failover

Select a standby database as a target for the fast-start failover

Configure observer ( specify observer host and observer ORACLE_HOME)

Set failover properties

Enable flashback loggingEnable observerFast start failover does NOT work in maximum protection role. In 10g only max availability role was supported for FSFO. Since 11g both maximum performance and maximum availability are supported.

Slide41

Managing Data Guard with OEM

Manage a Data Guard configuration – Configure Observer

Slide42

Managing Data Guard with OEM

Manage a Data Guard configuration – Enable flashback logging

Slide43

Managing Data Guard with OEM

Manage a Data Guard configuration – complete fast-start failover configuration

Slide44

Managing Data Guard with OEM

Manage a Data Guard configuration – complete fast-start failover configuration

Slide45

Managing Data Guard with OEM

Manage a Data Guard configuration – Create logical standby database

Specify ‘Create new logical standby database’ and follow similar steps as create a physical standby database.

SQL Apply Unsupported tables

Specify Backup options

Specify Database locationSpecify File locationsSpecify Configuration

Slide46

Managing Data Guard with OEM

Manage a Data Guard configuration – Create logical standby database

SQL Apply Unsupported tables

Slide47

Managing Data Guard with OEM

Manage a Data Guard configuration – Create logical standby database

Slide48

Managing Data Guard with OEM

Monitor a Data Guard configuration

Slide49

Managing Data Guard with OEM

Monitor a Data Guard configuration

Redo logs archived and applied

Slide50

Managing Data Guard with OEM

Active Data Guard

What is Active Data Guard?

How to set Active Data Guard?

Slide51

Managing Data Guard with OEM

Snapshot Data Guard

What is Snapshot Data Guard?

How to set Snapshot Data Guard?

Set Redo Transport Off

Enable Flash back DatabaseSet Redo Transport OnUse Convert to toggle between Snapshot Database and Physical Database

Slide52

Managing Data Guard with OEM

Manage a Data Guard configuration – Add existing Data Guard with OEM

Configuring Data Guard Broker with OEM Grid Control to manage an existing Data Guard by enabling Data Guard Broker

Select ‘Add standby database screen’

Specify the standby database to be enabled for management with Data Guard Broker and specify the additional properties (login credentials, archive destination, FRA).

Review the changes and confirm the creation of a Data Guard Broker configuration enabling us to manage the database via OEM or DGMGRL.

Slide53

Managing Data Guard with OEM

Manage a Data Guard configuration – Remove Data Guard configuration

Removing a standby database from Data Guard Broker.

Select a standby database you want removed from the Data Guard configuration

Press REMOVE button.

Acknowledge that you want to remove it at the confirmation page (database remains on ASM or disk).Remove a Data Guard configurationClick at the ‘Remove Data Guard Configuration’ linkAcknowledge that you want to remove the configuration at the confirmation page.When complete you are returned to the Data Guard home page.

Slide54

Managing Data Guard without OEM

Setup Data Guard without OEM

Configure primary database

Configure Oracle NET

Prepare standby site

Create directory structures on the standby siteCopy password file from primary databaseCreate init fileSet-up environment variables on the standby siteCreate the standby database using the new 11g RMAN feature for duplicating a database using an active primary database.Verify that the standby database is correct and redo data is received and archived on the standby database.Create a data Guard Broker configuration using DGMGRL utility

Slide55

Managing Data Guard without OEM

Configure

primary database

Make sure the primary database has a spfile;

Enable force logging on primary:

SQL> alter database force logging;Configure database to have standby redo logs on primary: SQL> alter database add standby logfile;Configure database initialization parameters LOG_ARCHIVE_CONFIG and LOG_ARCHIVE_DEST_n on primary: SQL>alter system set log_archive_config=’dg_config=(d11p,d11s)’; SQL>alter system set log_archive_dest_2=’service=d11s ASYNC valid_for=(ONLINE_LOGFILE,PRIMARY_ROLE) db_unique_name=d11s’;Configure the primary database in ARCHIVELOG mode SQL> alter database arhivelog;

Slide56

Managing Data Guard without OEM

Configure Oracle NET

Create an alias for the standby in tnsnames.ora

D11S =

(DESCRIPTION =

(ADDRESS_LIST = (ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = oel55.gj.com)(PORT = 1521)) ) (CONNECT_DATA = (SERVER = DEDICATED) (SERVICE_NAME = D11S) ) ) On the standby site configure an entry for the standby database in listener.oraSID_LIST_LISTENER = (SID_LIST =

(SID_DESC =

(GLOBAL_DBNAME = D11S)

(ORACLE_HOME = /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/db_1 )

(SID_NAME = D11S)

)

)

Slide57

Managing Data Guard without OEM

Prepare Standby site for D11S standby database

Create the directories required for the standby database D11S.

Copy the orapw from the primary site and rename it to orapwD11S to match the name of the standby instance.

Create initD11S.ora with a line db_name=D11S

Set environment variables. Start the standby database in nomount using the initD11S.ora

Slide58

Managing Data Guard without OEM

Run RMAN to create the standby database D11S from D11P

On the primary site:

Run RMAN for creating the standby database

rman target / auxiliary sys@D11S

execute the script:  run { allocate channel d11gp1 type disk; allocate channel d111p2 type disk; allocate auxiliary channel stby type disk; duplicate target database for standby from active database spfile parameter_value_convert ‘d11p,d11s’ set db_unique_name=’d11’

set db_file_name_convert=’/d11p/’,’/d11s/’

set log_file_name_convert=’/d11p/’,’/d11s/’

set log_archive_max_processe=’5’

set fal_client=’d11s’

set fal_server=’d11p’

set standby_file_management=’AUTO’

set log_archive_config=’dg_config=(d11p,d11s)’

set log_archive_dest_2=’service=d11p SYNC valid_for=(ONLINE_LOGFILE,PRIMARY_ROLE) db_unique_name=d11p’;

}

Slide59

Managing Data Guard without OEM

Verify the standby database creation. Make sure redo is received and archived on standby

On the standby database check the sequence# of the last received log by issuing: 

SQL> select sequence#, first_time, next_time, applied from v$archive_log order by sequence#;

Perform a log switch on the primary

SQL> alter system switch logfile;Check if the log is received and archived on the standby site by verifying that the sequence is increments by one. SQL> select sequence#, first_time, next_time, applied from v$archive_log order by sequence#;

Slide60

Managing Data Guard without OEM

Create a data Guard Broker configuration using DGMGRL utility

Set the DG_BROKER_START=TRUE on both primary and standby database 

SQL> alter system set dg_broker_start=true;

Modify the listener to work with Data Guard Broker by adding a static entry for DGMGRL to avoid ORA-12154 errors. Errors can be observed on startup of the standby database after performing a switchover. Reload the listener.

SID_LIST_LISTENER = (SID_LIST = (SID_DESC = (GLOBAL_DBNAME = D11P_DGMGRL) (ORACLE_HOME = /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/db_1 ) (SID_NAME = D11P) ) (SID_DESC = (GLOBAL_DBNAME = D11S_DGMGRL) (ORACLE_HOME = /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/db_1 ) (SID_NAME = D11S)

)

)

Invoke the DGMGRL and connect to the primary database. Create the Data Guard Broker configuration that includes a profile for the primary database.

DGMGRL>create configuration ‘DR1’ as primary database is ‘D11P’ connect identifier is D11P;

Add the physical standby database to the broker configuration.

DGMGRL>add database ‘D11S’ as connect identifier is D11S;

Enable the configuration. 

DGMGRL> enable configuration;

Verify the configuration.

DGMGRL> show configuration;

Slide61

Managing Data Guard without OEM

Create a data Guard Broker configuration using DGMGRL utility

How to setup Active Data Guard? 

On the standby database perform: 

DGMGRL> edit database ‘D11S’ set state=’apply-off’;

SQL>alter database open read only; DGMGRL>edit database ‘D11S’ set state=’apply-on’;

Slide62

Managing Data Guard without OEM

Create a data Guard Broker configuration using DGMGRL utility

How to enable Fast start failover? 

Enable flashback on the primary and standby databases

Verify we configured standby redo log files 

Ensure the LogXptMode Property is set to SYNC. These commands will succeed only if database is configured with standby redo logs. DGMGRL> EDIT DATABASE D11P SET PROPERTY 'LogXptMode'='SYNC'; DGMGRL> EDIT DATABASE D11S SET PROPERTY 'LogXptMode'='SYNC';Specify the FastStartFailoverTarget property DGMGRL> EDIT DATABASE D11P SET PROPERTY FastStartFailoverTarget='D11S'; DGMGRL> EDIT DATABASE D11S SET PROPERTY FastStartFailoverTarget='D11P';

Slide63

Managing Data Guard without OEM

Create a data Guard Broker configuration using DGMGRL utility

How to enable Fast start failover? (cont.) 

Make sure maximum protection is not set.

Enable Fast Start Failover

DGMGRL>enable fast_start failoverVerify configuration DGMGRL>show fast_start failover DGMGRL>show database D11P DGMGRL>show database D11SPerform switchover to the standby database  DGMGRL>switchover to D11S;Check changes to the configuration DGMGRL>show configuration; SQL> select database_role from v$database;Perform switchover to the original primary DGMGRL>switchover to D11P;Check changes to the configuration

DGMGRL>show configuration;

SQL> select database_role from v$database;

Slide64

Oracle Data Guard 11g Release 2 with Oracle Enterprise Manager 11g Grid Control

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