ap Contours Contour lines show the height above sea level in m The closer the lines the steeper the slope PDF document - DocSlides

ap Contours Contour lines show the height above sea level in m The closer the lines the steeper the slope PDF document - DocSlides

2015-01-15 210K 210 0 0

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Most maps have co n tour lines every 10 m There are certain fe a tures you will have to recognise such as Hill top Valley or re entrant Ridge Spur Saddle pass col brPage 2br Uniform gentle slope Contour lines evenly spaced and wide apart indicate a ID: 31601

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Presentations text content in ap Contours Contour lines show the height above sea level in m The closer the lines the steeper the slope


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ap Contours Contour lines show the height above sea level (in m) The closer the lines the steeper the slope. Most maps have co n- tour lines every 10 m. There are certain fe a- tures you will have to recognise such as: Hill top Valley or re entrant Ridge Spur Saddle (pass, col)
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Uniform, gentle slope. Contour lines evenly spaced and wide apart indicate a uniform, gentle slope niform, steep slope. Contour lines evenly spaced and close together indicate a un i- form, steep slope. The closer the contour lines are to each other, the steeper the slope oncave slope. Contour lines closely spaced at the top and widely spaced at the bottom i n- dicate a concave slope Considering relief only, an observer at the top of a concave slope can observe the entire slope and the t errain at the bottom. or concealment from observers or weapons at or near the top; also, farther up the slope, the climb would be more difficult. However, a unit attacking up a concave slope would have no cover
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onvex slope. Contour lines widely spaced at the top and closely spaced at the bo t- tom indicate a convex slope. An observer at the top of a convex slope would have no observation of most of the slope or of the t errain at the bottom. But a unit attacking up a concave slope would have a much greater degree of cover and concealment than on a concave slope; also, the climb farther up the slope would be easier. ill. HILL. This is a point or small area of high ground. When you are l o- cated on a hilltop, the ground slopes down in all directions. a) Valley; (b) Draw. VALLEY. A valley is a course of a stream that has at least a limited extent of reasonably level ground bor dered on the sides by higher ground. The valley generally has manoeuvring room within its co n- fines. Contours indicating a valley are U shaped and tend to parallel a major stream before crossing it. The more gradual the fa ll of a stream, the farther each contour parallels it. The curve of the contour crossing always points upstream. DRAW. A draw is a less developed course of a stream in which there is essentially no level ground and, therefore, little or no m a- noeuvring room within its confines. The ground slopes upward on each side and toward the head of the draw. Draws occur frequent ly along the sides of ridges at right angles to the valleys between them. Contours indicating a draw are V shaped, with the point of the V t o- ward the head of the draw
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a) Ridge; (b) Spur RIDGE. Normally, a ridge is a line of high ground with minor vari a- tions along its crest. The ridge is not simply a line of hills; all points of the ridge crest are appreciably higher than the g round on both sides of the ridge. SPUR. A spur is a short, continuously sloping line of higher ground normally jutting out from the side of a ridge. A spur is often formed by two roughly parallel streams cutting draws down the side of a ridge. Saddle SADDLE. A saddle is a dip or low point along the crest of a ridge. A saddle is not necessarily the lower ground between two hilltops; it maybe simply a dip or break along an otherwise level ridge crest. liff CLIFF. A cliff is a vertical or near vertical slope. When a slope is so steep that it cannot be shown at the contour interval without the contours co m- ing together, it is shown by a ticked "carrying" contour or contours. The ticks always point toward lower ground.
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Cuts & Fills CUTS and FILLS. Cuts and falls are man made features caused when the bed of a road or railroad is graded or levell ed by cutting through high areas and filling in low areas along the right of way. epression DEPRESSION. A depression is a low point or a sinkhole, su r- rounded on all sides by higher ground
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Contour Quick Test When the contour lines of a hill are far apart at first, then come close together, the hill is _____. The h ill will be easy to climb at first, but then it gets steep. When the contour lines of a hill are close together at first, then get farther apart, the hill is _____. The hill will be hard to climb at first, but then it becomes easy. A ridge or spur is denoted on a map by the contour lines becoming (U/V) shaped. When a contour line crosses a river or stream, they take on a (U /V) shape. When successive contour lines are far apart and evenly spaced, this is a (gentle/steep) slope or hill. When a con tour line crosses a stream it will take on a V shape with the point of the V pointing _____. Downhill/uphill When the contour lines form a U shape they denote a ridge or spur, with the bottom of the U poin ing _____. Downhill/uphill This feature is shown by successive contour lines drawn very close together. When contour lines a re far apart, the slope of the hill is (gentle/steep). When contour lines are close together, the slope of the hill is (gentle /steep). When successive contour lines are close together, this is a (gentle/steep) slope or hill. A feature shown on a ma p by the contour lines becoming V shaped. The V points uphill.
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rack A term for an unimproved road. Reentrant A small valley. If you are standing at the bottom facing into one of these, the land slopes up in front of you and on both sides, and slopes down behind you. Sometimes difficult to see in wooded areas. It app ears as loop or hump in the contour lines. Spur A point of land projecting out into the lower terrain below. Standing at the t ip of one of these, the land drops in front of you and on both sides, but is relatively flat behind you. Knoll A small hill. I t should only designate features one contour or less in height, but the term is sometimes casually used to describe larger featu res. Depending on its size, it is shown on the map as a contour line or a brown dot. Boulder A free standing rock, large enoug h to be distinguished from its surroundings. It is mapped as a black dot. Cliff A vertical or nearly vertical feature. Shown o n the map by a black bar with teeth -- it looks like a comb. Ruin The remains of a man made structure, often little more than a stone foundation. Usually are made of stone or co n- crete. cliff This feature is shown by successive contour lines drawn very close together. When a contour line crosses a riv er or stream, they take on a V shape. uphill When a contour line crosses a stream it will take on a V shape with the point of the V pointing uphill. A ridge or spur is denoted on a map by the contour lines becoming U shaped. downhill When the conto ur lines form a U shape they denote a ridge or spur, with the bottom of the U pointing downhill. concave When the contour line s of a hill are far apart at first, then come close together. The hill will be easy to climb at first, but then it gets steep. convex When the contour lines of a hill are close together at first, then get farther apart. The hill will be hard to climb at first, but then it becomes easy. valley A feature shown on a map by the contour lines becoming V shaped. The V points uphill. Gentle When contour lines are far apart, the slope of the hill is gentle. steep When contour lines are close together, the s lope of the hill is steep.

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