Dr Abdul Jabbar

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Facemask and Chin cup. Growth modification appliances for skeletal Class III.. What are facemasks and chin cups? . CLASS III MALOCCLUSION. The relative mesiodistal . relation ship of arches are . abnormal with all the lower. ID: 314654 Download Presentation

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Dr Abdul Jabbar




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Dr Abdul Jabbar

Facemask and Chin cup

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Growth modification appliances for skeletal Class III.

What are facemasks and chin cups?

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CLASS III MALOCCLUSION

The relative mesiodistal

relation ship of arches are

abnormal with all the lower

teeth occluding mesial to

normal ,producing marked

disharmony in the incisor

region and in the facial lines.

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Abnormal relationship in which the mesiobuccal cusp of max. first permanent molar occludes distal to the buccal groove of mandibular first molar.

CLASS III MOLAR RELATION SHIP

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DENTALFUNCTIONAL SKELETAL

TYPES OF CLASS III MALOCCLUSION

Short Maxilla

Prognathic Mandible

Composite

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Early loss of lower e`s

Dental Class III

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FEATURES No apparent saggital discrepancy ANB angle is with in normal limits Lingual tipping of max. incisors & labial tipping of mand. incisors

DENTOALVEOLAR

MAL-RELATIONSHIP

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ETIOLOGICAL FACTORS

FUNCTIONAL (PSEUDO)

CLASS III MALOCCLUSION

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Ectopic eruption of maxillary central incisors Premature Contact Premature loss of C`s

Dental

factors

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Anomalies in tongue position Neuromuscular features Naso-respiratory or airway problems

Functional factors

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Minor transverse maxillary discrepancy

Skeletal Factor

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Mandible appear morphologically normal Class I or mild Classlll sk. Relationship Ant. cross bite and negative over jet is present due to a ant Displacement of mandibleMandible can be pushed back to edge-edge relationship

FEATURES OF PSEUDO CLASS III

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1. GROWTH MODIFICATION

Pre Adolescents (late childhood , juvenile)

Adolescents (v. minimal effects)

2. CAMOFLOUGE (MILD)

Adolescents

Adults

3. Orthognathic SURGERY (moderate –severe)

Post adolescents

Adults

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SK CLASS III CAUSES DEFICIENT MAXILLA PROGNATHIC MANDIBLE COMPOSITE

GROWTH MODIFICATION

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Orthopedic face mask correct classIII malocclusion in:Late decidious or early permenant dentitionChanges produced in all three plane of spaces

FACE MASK THERAPY

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Correction of CO_CR discrepancyMaxillary sk. ProtractionForward movement of max.dentitionLingual tipping of lower incisors Redirection of mand. Growth in more vertical direction

TREATMENT EFFECTS PRODUCED BY

FACE

MASK THERAPY

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TREATMENT IN GROWING PATIENTS(pre- adolescents , adolescents)

Skeletal Class III with Short Maxilla FR 3 (22-23 hrs)

Effects

Forward

mov.of

maxilla

Proclination

of upper incisors

Backward rotation or repositioning of

mand

.

Increase in lower ant. Facial height

lingual tipping of lower incisors

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TREATMENT IN GROWING PATIENTS(pre adolescents , adolescents)

Composite Skeletal Class III -ive Family History Face Mask or Reverse Headgear

Effects Maxillary sk. Protraction Forward movement of max.dentition Lingual tipping of lower incisors Redirection of mand. Growth in more vertical direction

Pre-requisite

Maxillary Expansion

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Treatment effects of facemask

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Incease in overjet (4.4 mm)Mesial mov. &flaring of upper incisors & up righting of lower incisors & correction of molar position towards class I molar correction(3.1 mm)mesial mov. Of maxillaSkeletal effectsANB angle (2.4-2.8)& Witts appraisal(witts value 2.6mm)

Treatment effects

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DEFICIENT MAXILLA/COMPOSITE IIIExpansion + face mask 8 yrs ideal age for maxillary protraction. more the age of the patient ,less will be the skeletal effects. early ages treatment ensures better skeletal effects.

Treatment & Management

in Pre-adolescence

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Criterea

for facemask:

Short face

Normal face

Lower incisors either normally inclined or

proclined

.

Upper incisors must be either

retroclined

or normally inclined.

Growing

8yrs age ideal for facemask

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Facial maskBonded max. expansion splintHeavy elastics

Components of orthopedic facial mask therapy

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Orthopedic face correct classIII malocclusion inLate decidious or early permenant dentitionChanges produced in all three plane of spaces

FACE MASK THERAPY

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Facemask therapy often follows maxillary expansion since the latter disrupts the circummaxillary sutural system and facilitates the orthopedic effects of the facemask children treated at an early age, showed a significant forward displacement of the maxillary complex and a significant upward and forward direction of condylar growth, leading to smaller increments in total mandibular length

Facial mask

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Delaire facemask2. Petit facemask

Types of facemasks

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made of two pads that contact the soft tissue in the forehead and chin regions.. The pads are connected by a rodIn the center of the midline framework is adjustable crossbow to which elastics are connected bilaterally

Facial mask

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The second component of this orthopedic treatment is the maxillary splint. an acrylic and wire maxillary expansion appliance that is bonded to the posterior dentition. In mixed dentition cases, the splint usually covers the first and second deciduous molars. The upper canines may also be included in patients who present with complete deciduous dentitions.

2 .

Max.expansion

splint

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maxillary splint is made of a framework of .045“(1.2mm) round stainless steel wire, to which an expansion screw is attached. If second molars are present, an occlusal rest is extended to the second molars to prevent overeruption of these teeth during treatment (Two hooks, to which elastics are attached, are soldered to the wire framework. These hooks usually lie adjacent to the canines or first deciduoud molars.

Max.expansion splint

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, Rapid palatal expansion can produce a slight forward movement of Point A and a slightdownward and forward movement of the maxilla. In the context of facial mask therapy, the effect of such expansion is to disrupt the maxillary sutural system, thus possibly enhancing the effect of the orthopedic facial mask by making sutural adjustments occur more readily.

Max.expansion splint

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Another advantage of maxillary expansion is the correction of the posterior crossbite that often accompanies a Class III malocclusion because of deficient transverse maxillary growth and the abnormal anteroposterior relationship of maxilla to mandible. In addition, a palatal expansion appliance splints the maxillary dentition during protraction and helps transmit force from the teeth to the maxilla, thus limiting unwanted tooth movement.

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The patient is usually instructed to turn the midline jackscrew of the appliance once daily, generally before bedtime. In the majority of Class III individuals in whom use of an orthopedic facial mask is indicated, some maxillary expansion is beneficial. In such a case, the maxillary splint is expanded until the desired transverse change is achieved.

Activation of splint

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In instances in which no transverse change is necessary, the maxillary splint is activated once a day for eight days to produce a disruption in the sutural system that facilitates the action of the facial mask

Activation of splint

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The facial mask is secured to the face by stretching elastics from the hooks on the maxillary splint to the crossbow of the facial mask Heavy forces are generated, usually through the use of 5/16", 14oz elastics bilaterally. Lighter forces may be used during the break-in period, but forces should be increased as the patient adjusts to the appliance.

Heavy elastics

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Optimally, the patient is instructed to wear the facial mask on a full-time basis except during meals. Young patients (5 to 9 years old) can usually follow this regimen, particularly if the patient is told that the full-time wear will last only three to five months. In older patients, full-time wear may not be possible, in which case the appliance should be worn at all times except when the patient is in school or participating in contact sports

INSTRUCTIONS

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The facial mask is usually worn until a positive overjet of 2-4mm is achieved interincisally. At this time, part-time or nighttime wear is recommended for an additional three to-six-month retention FR-3 Frankel appliance1 can be worn as an active retainer.

FACIAL MASK

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Extra oral force application can be accomplished in 2 ways: EO force through condyles EO force below the condyles.

Skeletal

classIII

with large mandible

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Chin cup Types of chin cup

What appliance?

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Pre adolescents, mild, no family history, low angle Chin Cup Adolescents ,mild Class III ,low angle. Chin Cup or surgical preparation.Adults Camoflouge of surgery

SKELATAL CLASS III WITH

LARGE MANDIBLE

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Mandibular growth mechanisms functional matrix theory displacements primary and s secondary.3. Growth sites and growth centers.4. Drift , relocation, sub periosteal deposition and resorption, modelling,remodelling.

growth philosophy

Slide48

TREATMENT IN GROWING PATIENTS

Skeletal Class III with Prognathic Mandible-ive Family History Reverse Twin Block ( appliances without lip pads)Chin Cup 1. Occipital Pull 2. Vertical Pull

150-300 gm per side (INITIALLY)

450-700 gm (if force is directed through

condyle

& slightly less if below the

condyle

)

14 hrs per day

After correction of cross bite wear only at night as retention appliance

Slide49

CHIN CUP TYPE HEAD GEAR

Chin cup types

1.OCCIPITAL-

PULL CHIN CUP

2.VERTICAL PULLCHIN CUP

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Mild to moderate mand. PrognathismShort lower ant. Facial hgt.Normally positioned or slightly proclined lower incisors(some backward tipping of lower incisors)

OCCIPITAL-

PULL CHIN CUP

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Chin cup

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If below the condyle-----downward &backward rotation of mandibleIf no opening of mand. Plane is required forceshould be directed through condyle to help restrict mand. Growth.

Direction of pull of chin cup

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150-300 gms per side (INITIALLY)OVER NEXT 2 MON.450-700 grams(if force is directed through condyle & slightly less if below the condyle )(16-24 ounce)14 hrs per dayAfter correction of cross bite wear only at night as retention appliance.

FORCE

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INDICATIONS Inc. ant. vertical dimention Steep mand. Plane angle

VERTICAL

PULLCHIN CUP

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If no Inc. in lower ant. Facial ht. is requiredEFFECTS PRODUCEDDec. in Mandibular Plane angle & Gonial angleIncrease in posterior face height.

2.VERTICAL PULLCHIN CUP

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A-Unitek B-Summit

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Could be pre formed custom made metallic plastic Talcum powder Soft chin cups Vs hard chin cups

Clinical Management

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Mandibular growth is redirected in downward and backward direction.Increased LAFHLI are retroclined.Decreased chin prominence.

Effects of chin cup therapy

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Effects of chin cup therapy

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