Nuclear Security and

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Nuclear Security and




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Presentations text content in Nuclear Security and

Slide1

Nuclear Security and Non-Proliferation in Kazakhstan

The U.S. Foreign Policy Council

Brian Riedy

Dan

DePetris

Elliot Herman

Jonathan Peres

Slide2

Kazakhstan

Slide3

Kazakhstan and Nuclear Weapons

Inheritance of nuclear weapons and material

President

Nursultan

Nazerbayev

Orders cooperation with international inspectors

Nuclear nonproliferation and disarmament

Signs Lisbon Protocol

2004: Implements IAEA Protocols

2006: Nuclear Weapons Free Zone in Central Asia

Slide4

U.S. Involvement

U.S. a frequent partner

1993: Bill Clinton and

Nazerbayev

1994/95: Last HEU destroyed

2010: Barrack Obama applauds Kazakh Government

Slide5

State Capacity of Kazakhstan

“The Cooperative Threat Reduction (CTR) Program’s overarching mission is to partner with willing countries to reduce the threat from weapons of mass destruction and related materials, technologies, and expertise, including provision of the safe destruction of Soviet-Era WMD, associated delivery systems, and related infrastructure. The CTR Program focuses on eliminating, securing, or consolidating WMD, related materials, and associated delivery systems and infrastructure at their sources in partner countries.”

Slide6

State Capacity of Kazakhstan

Current Focus

Fissile and Radioactive Material Proliferation Prevention

Global Nuclear Lockdown

WMD Proliferation Prevention Initiative

Biological Threat Reduction Program

Slide7

State Capacity of Kazakhstan

Security Breaches

Reports of stolen/missing radioactive material from plants

Unauthorized sale and shipment of radioactive material across state borders

Slide8

State Capacity of Kazakhstan

Shift of Focus

Training and logistics to facility security

Comprehensive vetting system of officials working in nuclear, radioactive, biological material industry

Slide9

Border Security- The Basics

Kazakhstan: 9

th

largest country in the world

Neighbors: Russia, China, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan

Caspian Sea connects borders to Iran and Azerbaijan

Key Factors

Former Nuclear History

Strategic Geographical Location

Strategic Political Relationships

Slide10

Border Security- Current Measures

National Security Committee of the Republic of Kazakhstan (KNB)

Modernization

Foreign Relations

Training

United States

Exchange Program

Department of State: NSOI

Department of Energy: NNSA

NTI and IAEA

Slide11

Border Security- Future Challenges

Tangible improvements and commitment

Future Policy

Funding

Personnel, technology/logistics, intelligence

Challenges

Slide12

Islamic Insurgency in Kazakhstan

Nature of Political Islam as opposition movement

Ethnic Tensions- destabilizing impact

Tablighi

Jamaat

Muslim Brotherhood in Central Asia

Threat of Islamic Radicalism

From Political Islam to Extremism

Slide13

Islamic Extremist Groups in Region

East Turkish Liberation Organization

Jaamat

of Central Asia

Mujahideen

Slide14

Islamic Groups and WMD Material

AQ attempts to purchase HEU from Kazakhstan

Central Asia new battleground for Islamic identity

U.S. Operations in Afghanistan

Vulnerable to Uzbek extremist element


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