Professor Peter Cameron

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CEPMLP (Scotland - UK). Mining Indaba 4.2.2013. 1. Scope for PPPs in addressing the African Mining Skills Gap. The Problem. Mining Indaba 4.2.2013. 2. African education and training institutions relevant to the mining sector. ID: 545301 Download Presentation

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Professor Peter Cameron

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Professor Peter CameronCEPMLP (Scotland - UK)

Mining Indaba 4.2.2013


Scope for PPPs in addressing the African Mining Skills Gap


The Problem

Mining Indaba 4.2.2013


African education and training institutions relevant to the mining sector

“are characterized by geographical paucity in the continent, and where they are available, they are generally poorly funded and face debilitating manpower shortages. This results in significant shortages in mineral related skilled manpower in both quantitative and qualitative terms”.

African Mining Vision (2011)


Is PPP the Answer?

Mining Indaba 4.2.2013


The Rationale for Public Private Partnership (PPP) in Mining Education:

“We have seen time and again that neither business nor government alone can flourish without the other. Government support enhances strategies to foster private sector growth and sustainable economic development. But it is only in partnership with business that wealth creation commensurate with the needs of the people, as well as prosperity, will happen”



- Keynote address at the Africa Commonwealth Business Council in Perth, Australia, 2011

“Working in partnership is going to be even more important over the next 25 years than it has been the last 25. The companies, governments, NGOs that figure out how to do collaboration really, really well are going to have better results and are going to have a competitive advantage in this world




, CSR Advisory Board member, December 4, 2012


What is a PPP?

Mining Indaba 4.2.2013


An agreement between a private party and a government or government agency towards supporting:

Capacity building of the minerals governance and management public sector

Vocational training and apprenticeships for youth in the mining areas

Life skills to help youth in their transition to the mining job market

Professional training and education for working in the mines


Scoping Survey Project

Mining Indaba 4.2.2013


Details of survey... And invitation to audience to contribute


Who could be the Partners in PPP in Mining Education?

Mining Indaba 4.2.2013


African and non-African mining companies (funders)

International Centres of Mining Education in partnership with African Academic Institutions (specialist knowledge contributors)

African Universities (host institutions)

Civil Society Organisations (contributors/support role)

International Financial Institutions and/or National Aid Agencies (same)


Some Basic Questions

Mining Indaba 4.2.2013


Is the goal to be an enhancement of capacity in existing institutions or the establishment of new capacity?

What if some mining companies prefer to establish their own ‘universities’, with existing African universities invited to contribute to them?

What is the standard to be reached and how is it to be benchmarked?

What interests do the parties have in cooperation?

What is the scope and duration of the partnership?


What are the priority areas for PPP in Education?

Mining Indaba 4.2.2013


The answer will differ from one country to another – from Ghana to Angola - engineering/law and policy, governance etc

Example – Mongolia: expertise required in cold weather and block cave mining (




Long Term Demand


Mechanical Maintenance (cross department)

Electrical Maintenance (cross department)

Open Pit Operations

Infrastructure Operations

Concentrator Operations

Short Term Demand


Underground Mine Development

Health & Safety


Examples of PPP

Mining Indaba 4.2.2013


The Australia-Africa Partnership Facility (AAPF) (


The international Mining for Development Centre (IM4DC) (


The African Mining Skills initiative (AMSI), which supports the African Mining Vision. This initiative was founded by the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA) and gold-mining company AngloGold Ashanti. (


CSIRO-Chile Centre of Excellence- Applied research in mining and mineral processing




Investment Agreement


Australia-Africa Partnership Facility (AAPF)

Mining Indaba 4.2.2013


Through this PPP the Australian government facilitates

Relationship and development cooperation with African governments and institutions

Provision of training, study tours to Australia, short term advisory support and funding for capacity building, especially in the areas

of mining governance

, agriculture, food security and

public policy reform

This partnership has completed several partnership activities during the period 2011-2013

Some of the activities related to mining governance, under implementation are (the list is long):

Achieving Transformational Development through Extractive Industries: Policy-setting Session at the 2013 Mining Indaba (July 2012 - June 2013)


The International Mining for Development Centre (IM4DC)

Mining Indaba 4.2.2013


PPP between the Australian Government, the University of Western Australia and the University of Queensland

This Partnership aims to:

Contribute to the establishment of world class mining industries to boost overall economic development.

Contribute to the enhancement of the skill levels of key personnel within government, universities, research institutions and civil society in developing countries, through short courses, fellowships, research, advice and institutional partnerships

African Countries in which IM4DC has provided support include

: Congo, Mali, Morocco, Niger, Nigeria, Burkina Faso, Ethiopia, Guinea, Cote d’Ivoire, Gabon, Uganda, Mozambique, South Africa, Kenya, Malawi, Tanzania, Sierra Leone, Senegal, Namibia, Madagascar

Grant funded : AUD 31 million from October 2011 to June 2015


CHILE - CSIRO-Chile Centre of Excellence

Mining Indaba 4.2.2013


Focus: applied research in mining and mineral processing

This Centre’s main aim is to increase the productivity and longevity of Australia’s and Chile’s mining and minerals sectors through developing new cutting edge technologies and improving current services and equipment.

The Centre has the University of Chile, University of Antofagasta and


as its research and development partners

The Centre has also partners in the mining industry: Anglo American North S.A. and Anglo American South S.A.

The centre will benefit Australia and Chile by

creating new bilateral business opportunities for service companies in Australia and Chile

finding ways to improve mine safety

reducing the environmental impact of mining

creating new skilled jobs and postgraduate opportunities.


Mongolia: Talent Pipeline

Mining Indaba 4.2.2013




Practical Matters: What to Do to Make it all Happen?

Mining Indaba 4.2.2013


What should be included in a PPP Agreement on mining education?

How are mutual rights and obligations specified in an Agreement?


Agreement: Key Topics to be Addressed

Mining Indaba 4.2.2013


Overall Purpose


Activities to be undertaken to achieve the objectives with chronology:

Start up

Institutional development

Curriculum development and introduction of courses

Quality assurance and exit


Agreement: Key Questions

Mining Indaba 4.2.2013


Exactly what skills/capacities are to be developed and in what technical areas?

What type of skills training/capacity building is to be provided?

e.g. On-the-job training, full-time; part-time courses; mentoring/exchanges

What standard or level (certification, polytechnic, primary degree/masters/doctorate level)

How long will the training/capacity building last?

Who are the Project beneficiaries/Target Group

Senior staff at the host institution must benefit

Students at undergraduate and postgraduate levels that graduate from the host institution

What is the Proposed Geographical coverage

Where will the project be located and implemented? District/Local? National or Regional?


PPP Governance

Mining Indaba 4.2.2013


How will the Project be implemented?

What outside partners will be involved?

Who will manage and drive the project?


How will the PPP work with the host country and local institutions?

What will be the role of the mining company?

How ill monitoring and evaluation be included in the PPP?

How will the PPP be sustainable at the end of the project period? What is the exit strategy?


The Mining Company

Mining Indaba 4.2.2013


A Key Question that needs to be clearly answered:

Why should the mining company fund the PPP?

How does the PPP support the business?

It needs to be clearly explained how the project is aligned to its business objectives and will add value



Mining Indaba 4.2.2013


Even after due diligence has taken place there is a RISK that key individuals in the process from one of the partner institutions leaves midway through the institution building process

There is a ‘fair probability’ that some of the scholarship recipients may leave the host institution after acquiring a higher level of qualification . How to address this RISK?

A 3 year bonding agreement to be signed after completion of courses?

Host institution places graduate on a career track internally with clear progressive element



Mining Indaba 4.2.2013




Questions Welcome

Mining Indaba 4.2.2013



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