US Depa rtm ent of State FY Perf orma nce Summary Str

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S Depa rtm ent of State FY 2008 Perf orma nce Summary Strategic Goal 2 Governing Justly and Democraticall y Prom ote a strengthe n effec ive de moc rac an d mo ve the along a c nt inu to war d demo cratic co nso ida ID: 75438 Download Pdf

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US Depa rtm ent of State FY Perf orma nce Summary Str




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U.S. Depa rtm ent of State FY 2008 Perf orma nce Summary Strategic Goal 2: Governing Justly and Democraticall y Prom ote a strengthe n effec ive de moc rac an d mo ve the along a c nt inu to war d demo cratic co nso idatio n I. Public Benefit es id ent Bus , in his s cond National Securi ty St rategy, affirmed the U.S. conviction th at p om oti n o d cracy is the best lon -term strategy for en suring st abilit y and pr perit . Tho e nations which respect human rights, respond to the need of their people, an d govern by rule o law are also r sp onsible par ners in the international community. Protecting hu man rights and building de mocracy are thus corner stones of U.S. foreign policy seeking to end tyranny, comb at terrorism, champion huma dignity, and e nhance homeland security. As President B sh affirmed in his 200 6 State of the Union Address, “De ocracies repl ace resentmen with hope, re spect the rights of their citizens and their neighbors, and join the fi ght agains t ter or. Every s p toward freedom in the worl d m kes our country safer. In o der f r demo crat izat io n be successful and sust aina ble, it must be a pro ess driv en by t e peo le. Ours is a ho list ic appro ch, engaging bo go rnment s and civ l society, and exemplifying Secretary Rice’s goal of transformati onal diplomacy: “using Amer ica s diplomatic p wer to help foreign citizens to better thei r own lives, and t build t eir o n f res. We bo lst r and suppo rt human right def nders and pro de mo cracy no n-go rnment al organizat s (N s) in countries whos e governm nts routinely ign re or viola e in ternational hu man rights. We reach out to all aspects of civil society - NGOs, the private sector labor, m dia, and religious and co mmunity lead ers – to encourage their activism in ensuring the g ver nt is resp sive to th eir needs. We pers ist in a dialogue with foreign policy makers to persuade them to enact necessary changes t strengt en demo cracy and respect human rights. We work in international o rganiz tions with oth r go vernm nts that share ou r com tm ent to hum an right and democracy to addres s abuse s around the world and push fo r effec ive ref rm s. The Bureau o f Demo cracy, Human Right and Labo r, t ge ther wit 150 h man right o cers at U.S. e bas ies an d consulates worldwide, put a spotlight demo crat ic def ci and human righ ts abuses, a vocate change, and work direct ly wit lo cal part ners to suppo rt indigenous-based reform . The Hu n Rights and Democracy Fund supports time sensitive, high impact programs promoting democratic change in more th an thirty- e p iority cou tries . We seek oppor unities to encourage an d suppo rt human right adv cat s and po licy mak rs in co unt ries t at routinely ign re international human rights. This principl e guides our decisions about international cooperation, the character of our foreign assistance, the allocati on of resources, and our acti ons in international fora. The United States will stand besi de any nation determined to build a better future by seeking the rewards of liberty f r its people. II. Resource Summary ($ in Thousands) Change fro FY 20 07 FY 20 06 Actual FY 20 07 Estima te FY 20 08 Request Amount % Staff 880 885 886 1 0.11% Funds $422, 983 $394, 514 $439, 851 $45,3 37 11.49% Strategic G Chapte 2: Gove rni ng Ju stly and Dem cratically 66
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U.S. Depa rtm ent of State FY 2008 Perf orma nce Summary III. Strategic Goal Context Shown below are the indicators, accounts, b reaus and par ne rs that con rib te to this rategic goal. Acr nym s are defined in the glossary at e back o f is publicat io n. Strategic Goal Perfor ma nc I dic tor Majo r Acco un ts Lead Bureau(s) Key Partners Governing Justly and Democraticall y Freedom House Index FSA, SEED , DA, D&CP, ESF, CIO, IO&P DRL, Regional Bureaus USAID, DOJ, NGOs, UN, IOs Progress Towar Civil and Political Freedom in Ne ar East FSA, SEED , DA, D&CP, ESF, CIO, IO&P DRL, Regional Bureaus USAID, DOJ, NGOs, UN, IOs Progress Towar Civil and Political Freedom in Europe and Eurasia FSA, SEED , DA, D&CP, ESF, CIO, IO&P DRL, Regional Bureaus USAID, DOJ, NGOs, UN, IOs Progress Towar Civil and Political Freedom in South and Central Asia FSA, SEED , DA, D&CP, ESF, CIO, IO&P DRL, Regional Bureaus USAID, DOJ, NGOs, UN, IOs Progress Towar Civil and Political Freedom in Su b-Saharan Afri ca FSA, SEED , DA, D&CP, ESF, CIO, IO&P DRL, Regional Bureaus USAID, DOJ, NGOs, UN, IOs Progress Towar Civil and Political Freedom in Ea st Asia and the Pacific FSA, SEED , DA, D&CP, ESF, CIO, IO&P DRL, Regional Bureaus USAID, DOJ, NGOs, UN, IOs Progress Towar Civil and Political Freedom in the Western Hemisphere FSA, SEED , DA, D&CP, ESF, CIO, IO&P DRL, Regional Bureaus USAID, DOJ, NGOs, UN, IOs Advancing U.S. Objectives at the UN Human Rights Council D&CP, CIO IO, DRL UN Level of Women's Political and Econ omic Participation in Iraq and Afghanis tan D&CP, ESF, DA DRL, G/IWI, IO, NEA, SC A USAID, NGOs, I s Status of Religi s Freedo m D&CP DRL USA D, IOs, NGOs Compliance in Strategic Free Trade Agreement Countries with International L bor Standards CIO, DA, D&CP, ESF DRL USAID, DOL, USTR, OPIC, DOC, ILO, IOs Strategic G Chapte 2: Gove rni ng Ju stly and Dem cratically 67
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U.S. Depa rtm ent of State FY 2008 Perf orma nce Summary Indicator #1: Freed om House Index Outcome TARGETS FY 2008 Freedo Ho use 2008 Re po rt Net Progress: + change from previous year Net Change in Status: + chan ge from previous year FY 2007 Freedo Ho use 2007 Re po rt Net Progress: + change from previous year Net Change in Status: + chan ge from previous year RESULTS 2006 Rat ng Freedo Ho use 2006 Repo rt Free: 89 Partly Free: 58 No t Free: 45 Net Change in Status: +4 Partly Free Improved Countries: 27 Declined Countries: 9 Net Pro gress: +18 2005 Freedo Ho use 2005 Re po rt Free: 89 Partly Free: 54 No t Free: 49 Net Change in Status: +1 Free Improved Countries: 26 Declined Countries: 11 Net Pro gress: +15 2004 Freedo Ho use 2004 Re po rt Net Progress: + change from previous year; Net Change in Status: + chan ge from previous year. 2003 Freedo Ho use 2003 Re po rt Free: 89 Partly Free: 55 No t Free: 48 Net Change in Status: +4 Improved Countries: 29 Declined Countries: 11 Net Pro gress: +18 DATA QUALITY Indicator Validation Freedom House’s yearly Freedom Status rating provides an objectiv e analysis of basic eedo s in 19 2 co unt ries and 14 relat d a d di sputed territo ries. A tive change in st at us indicat s pro gress to rd t e Depart ment of State and US AID’s freedom goals. Data So urce Freedom House annual survey. Strategic G Chapte 2: Gove rni ng Ju stly and Dem cratically 68
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U.S. Depa rtm ent of State FY 2008 Perf orma nce Summary Indicator #2: Progress Toward Civil an d Political Freedom in Ne ar East Output TARGETS FY 2008 Freedom House Political Righ ts and Civil Lib rt ies Sco es: Political righ ts and civil liberties in eac h of the democracy strategy cus coun tries/territo ries is scored on a scale of 1-7, with 1 representing the high est and 7 represe ting the lowest level of freedom. To l Polit cal Right 57.5 o t o 77 Average Poli tical Rights 5.23 To l Civ l Libe rt ies 54 o of 77 Average Civil L berties 4.9 0 Degree to Whi h Democratic Civilian Rule and Political Freedom is Estab ished and Maintained in the Middle East: Legislative e ections in Mo rocco are held as scheduled; Parliamentary elections in Jordan are held as scheduled; elections for Majlis al-Shura are held in Saudi Arabia; Lebanon Parliament pa sses elect ral refo rm legislat n; Egypt replaces Emergency Law with legislation pres erving civil li rties includ ing freed om of press, ass mbly, association, and express on. Consolidating Democracy in Iraq : a) Civil liberties provisions remain inta ct and receive strong support from legal and executive institutio ns. b) Ne w Government encourages policies deline ating national vs. local responsi bilities. c) The legislature provides real oversight of key gove rnm nt f unctions, inclu ing budget ing and securit po licies. d) Iraqi NG Os beg n t lo bby t e legislative and executive bra ches as well as local governm nts. e) National re conciliation plan mo s f rw ard and helps t address unresolved con titutional issues. FY 2007 Freedom House Political Righ ts and Civil Lib rt ies Sco es: · Total Political Rights 59.5 out 77 Average Poli tical Rights 5.41 To l Civ l Libe rt ies 56 o of 77 Average Civil L berties 5.0 9 Degree to Whi h Democratic Civilian Rule and Political Freedom is Estab ished and Maintained in the Middle East: · Electi ons are free, fair an d competitive: Jordan (Parliamentary ); Morocco (legis lative); Algeria (Parliament ry); Bahrain(Parliamentary); Oman (Majlis al-Shura); Saudi Arabia (one lf of the seats in regional councils). Consolidating Democracy in Iraq : a) New government took power peacefully with broad do mest ic and i rnat io nal legit macy and s ppo rt . b) Civil libert ies pro isio ns remain intact and receive strong sup ort from legal and executive in stitutions. c) New government en courages polici es delineating national vs. local responsibili ties. d) The legislature provides real oversight of key go vernment functions, including budgeting and security polici es. e) Iraqi NG Os begin to lo y the legislative and executive branches as well as local g vernments. f) National reco nciliation plan moves forward and helps to addres s unresolved constitu ti onal issues. Strategic G Chapte 2: Gove rni ng Ju stly and Dem cratically 69
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U.S. Depa rtm ent of State FY 2008 Perf orma nce Summary RESULTS 2006 Freedom House Political Righ ts and Civil Lib rt ies Sco es: To l Polit cal Right 61 o t of 77 (t arget 61.5) erage Po li cal Right 5.55 (t arget 5.59) To l Civ l Libe rt ies 55 o of 77 (t arget 58) erage Civ l Libert ies 5.0 (t rget 5.27) Degree to Whi h Democratic Civilian Rule and Political Freedom is Estab ished and Maintained in the Middle East: · Free, fair an d competitive el ections took place in Yeme n (municipal an Presidential); Qatar (legisla ti ve); Bahrain (municipal council). Women voted in Kuw it National As ly elections . Consolidating Democracy in Iraq : a) Draft p rmanent Consti tut s succe ssfully ado ted in Oct ber 2005 ref rendum. b) Law enf rcement inst it ut ions begin t enfo rce, and judiciary begin t upho ld, ci l libert ies pro ect s in const . c) Oct ber 2006 cons titu tion re ferend um took p ace peacefully and with strong v ter turn out. d P li tical parties formed coalitions, re gistered and ca mpaigne peac efully for Dece mber 20 05 elections. e) D cember 20 05 elections held eacefully and w th s rong v ter turn out; result s receiv ed wit bro d p blic suppo rt . f Po lit cal part ies f rmed coalit io ns, registered and campaigne for December 20 05 elections. G) Council of Re presentatives (Co ) elect d under t e new co nst he ld it s inaugural sessio M rch 2006. h) Co R elect d t e Presidency Co un cil and t e Prime M nist er and his de put es i A ril 2006. i) The Prime M ni st er co mplet d t e gov rnment fo rmat io n p ess in M y a d J une 2006 by selecting his Co uncil o Mi nist ers and pre enting his go vernment pro ram to t e CoR, which approved it. J) Prime Minister’s nation al reconciliation plan presented to the CoR in June and work began in July.. 2005 Baseline Ye ar for Freedom House Politi cal Ri ghts and Civil Liberties Scores : To l Polit cal Right 63.5 o t o 77 Average Poli tical Rights 5.77 To l Civ l Libe rt ies 60 o of 77 Average Civil L berties 5.4 5 Degree to Whi h Democratic Civilian Rule and Political Freedom is Estab ished and Maintained in the Middle East: Elec tions tha were scheduled to date have occur ed and were free, fair and competitive. Free and fa ir elections also occu rred in Saudi Arabia. Egypt held its first presidentia election in Se ptember, with a number of improvements in the electoral p ocess but not without flaws. Saudi Arabia h ld its first municipal elections and elections are n w scheduled i additional municipalities. Many other countries have scheduled ele tions. 2004 Freedom House: N/A Elections are F ee, Fair and C mpetitive Presidential el ections in Tunisia were held but were not contested. All other electionsoccurred and according to in ternati nal observers were dee ed t be free and fair. C ns titu tional refe rendu held in Qatar. 2003 N/A DATA QUALITY Indicator Validation This indicator seeks to measu e progress in Iraq toward a free and dem cratic society, one of U.S. fo ign p licy's highest priority goals. Data So urce Freedom House, U.S. Embass y reports, Inte rnational Repu blican Institute, National Democratic Institute. Strategic G Chapte 2: Gove rni ng Ju stly and Dem cratically 70
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U.S. Depa rtm ent of State FY 2008 Perf orma nce Summary Indicator #3: Progress Toward Civil an d Political Freedom in Europe and Eurasia Output TARGETS FY 2008 Freedom House Political Righ ts and Civil Lib rt ies Sco es Political righ ts and civil liberties in each of the 11 priority countries/areas is scored on a scale of 1-7, with 1 representing the high est and 7 the lowest level of fre dom. (See "Data Source" below for a complete list of priority c untr es.) Total P litical Rights : 4 out of 7 7 Average Poli tical Rights: 4.3 To l Civ l Libe rt ies: 43 o of 77 Average Civil L berties 3.9 OSCE assesse s mo re elect as meeting int rnational stan dards for democratic election s and/or demons trates progress to ward m eeting OSCE standards. FY 2007 Freedom House Political Righ ts and Civil Lib rt ies Sco es : Total P litical Rights : 4 out of 7 7 Average Poli tical Rights: 4.36 To l Civ l Libe rt ies: 44 o of 77 Average Civil L berties: 4.0 OSCE assesse s mo re elect as meeting int rnational stan dards for democratic election s and/or demons trates progress toward meeting OSCE standards. Legislative elections in Russia t at the OSCE assesses as demo nst at ing significant improvement toward meeting international d mocratic stan dards. RESULTS DATA QUALITY 2006 Freedom House Political Righ ts and Civil Lib rt ies Sco es : Using EUR/SA Model To l Polit cal Right : 84 o t 119 (t arge 82) erage Po li cal Right : 4.94 (t arget 4.82) To l Civ l Libe rt ies: 73 o of 119 (t arget 72) erage Civ l Libert ies: 4.29 ( arget 4.24) Using New EUR/SCA Model: N w Baseline for FY07 and beyond: Total P litical Rights : 4 out of 7 7 Average Poli tical Rights: 4.45 To l Civ l Libe rt ies: 45 o of 77 Average Civil L berties: 4.1 2005 N/A 2004 N/A 2003 N/A Freedom House ratings provi e an objective y early analysis of basic freedoms in each of our priori ty countries. A decrease in the to tal and average scores indicate regional progress towar the Departm nt of State an d USAID's fr eedom goals for id entified strategic c unt ries. Freedom House Index. Priority countries/ar eas (Old): Azerbaijan, Belarus Georgia, Kazakhst an, Koso vo , Kyrgyst , Mo ldova, Ru ssi a, Serbia /Montenegro, Ukraine, Armenia, Albania, Bosnia, Macedonia, Tajikistan, Turkemeni tan, Uzbekistan. Priority countries/area (New ): Azerbaijan, Belarus, Geo gia,Ko so vo/Serbia/Montenegro Moldova, Russia, , Ukraine, Armeni a, Albani a, Bosnia, Macedonia. Indicator Validation Data So urce Strategic G Chapte 2: Gove rni ng Ju stly and Dem cratically 71
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U.S. Depa rtm ent of State FY 2008 Perf orma nce Summary Indicator #4: Progress Toward Ci vil and Political Freedom in South and Ce ntral Asia Output TARGETS FY 2008 Freedom House Political Ri gh ts and Civil Liberties Scores : Political righ ts and civil liberties in eac h of the priority countries is s ored on a scale of 1-7, with 1 representing the highest and 7 representi ng the lowest le vel of freedom. (See “Data Source” below for a com lete lis of p io rity c tries ). Total P litical Rights 5 out 6 3 Average Poli tical Rights 5.5 To l Civ l Libe rt ies 47 o of 63 Average Civil L berties 5.2 Consolidating Democracy in Afghanistan : a) Legitimate national instituti ns and infrastructu re, including judi cial institut io ns est blishe d i all pro inces b) Parliamentaria ns knowledgea ble about their ro les and responsibilities and effecti e in carrying them out. c Parliam ntary com ees and Secretariat tr ained to effectively assist Memb ers o Nat al A sembly. d) dia law pro ul gat d t at prov ides f r journalistic protections and fr eedom , regulatory refo rm s of the secto a d professional ethics and standards. e) Afghan Indep nd ent Hum n Rights Com ssion (A IHRC) expands operations in Afghanistan’s prov inces, allowi ng citizens thr ughou the country to access AIHRC f r reso tion o hum an rights c laints. FY 2007 Freedom House Political Ri gh ts and Civil Liberties Scores : · Total P litical Rights 5 out 6 3 Average Poli tical Rights 5.6 To l Civ l Libe rt ies 48 o of 63 Average Civil L berties 5.3 Consolidating Democracy in Afghanistan : a) Parliament de monstrates increased capacit y to set a legislative agenda and generate laws , while manag ng debat and deliberat o n key issue bet een dif rent po lit cal gro /f act s. b) Nat al and local gov rnment s act in acco rd ance w th the c ns tituti on. Of ficials are paid on time. An ti-corrupti n co mmissio be gins t address co rrupt with in the go vern nt by holding go vernm nt officials c licit in cor uption accoun table. c) Human rights awareness especially of the rights of w n, is m re widespread as indicat d by f wer v at io ns king place. New violators are charged and convicted of crimes or hum an abuses, pas violators treated in accordance with Government of Afghanistan (GOA) transitional justice plan. Strategic G Chapte 2: Gove rni ng Ju stly and Dem cratically 72
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U.S. Depa rtm ent of State FY 2008 Perf orma nce Summary RESULTS 2006 Freedom House Political Ri gh ts and Civil Liberties Scores : Old E R/SA del : Total Political Rights 20 t of 28 (t arget 20) Average Poli tical Rights 5.00 (target: 5) To l Civ l Libe rt ies 20 o of 28 (t arget 20) Average Civil L berties 5.0 (target: 5) New E R/SCA M del and new Baseline f r F 07 an d beyo : Total P litical Rights 5 out 6 3 Average Poli tical Rights 5.8 To l Civ l Libe rt ies 49 o of 63 Average Civil L berties 5.4 Consolidating Democracy in Afghanistan : T e Parliament confirmed a new cabinet, attorney general, and all justices of the sup eme court except one, passe d the budget and the Provin cial Council La w, and will cont inue to wo rk on key legislat ion; several wo men were e ect d t senior po sit s in parliament and pro incial co uncils; t e A HRC now has 6 regional offices un der constructi on wit U.S. f nds; E ba ssy es blished Justice Sector Coordinator and a comprehen iv e, co ordinat d just ice sect ref rm underway; GOA extradited majo r narc o-tra ficker now faci ng charges in t e U.S. and three co-conspirators of extr ited narco-tra fficker we re t ied, co nv ict d, and sent enced; t e do wn side is des read co rrupt io n and civ l libert ies are pro ided f r on paper but o n v at ed in pract ce. 2005 President al el ect s held in Oct ber 2004. M re an 10 millio A ghans regist ered and 8 million participated in the electi , 40 percent of who were wo men. President anno unced a reform-oriented and po litically an d ethnically balanced cabinet . Pro incial Co uncil and Nat al A ssembly el ect s held in Sept ember 18 , 2005; Pro incial and Nat al A ssem lies inau gurat d in No vember and D cember 2 005, w successf ul applicat io n o i rnal rules by pro incial councils to elect members of national upper house and rules similarly obs rved at nation al houses’ lev l to selec Parliamentary office rs. Two women are Ca binet Ministers (Min ist r of W men’s A ffairs and Minister o f rt yrs and Disabled); f rst f male go rnor appo int d (Bamiyan). 1.69 m llion new voters regist ered for up coming parliame ntary electi ons. USAID co nst uct d 27 judicial f cilities acro ss 12 p inces; trained 579 ju dges, o er half f e Afghan judiciary, in a series of formal trai ning pro grams; and co dif ed, co mpiled, print d and dis eminated 1,00 0 copie of Afghanista n s basic laws in Dari and Pashto in all 34 provinces for the first time ever. 2004 Co nst al Lo ya J rga adopt mo derat , demo crat ic const n January 4, 2004 , wit human right pro isio ns. Ov er 100 o f e 500 delegat s were wo men. Of the over 9 llion vo ters registration s r corded by August 40% were wom n. Joint Electi on Managem nt Board (JE B) es ta blished to oversee registration and voting. Po lit cal Part y Law and E ect s Law passe d. On July 29, 23 candi ates announce bids for presidency; 18 of which were accepted b the JEMB. President al el ect s not held unt il Octo ber 2004. 2003 ns titutional ss ion is es tab is hed and d afts new C ns tituti on. P ic consultati ons held in preparat ion for Constitu tional Loya Ji rga. Hum n Rights and Jud cial Co mmis io ns b gin t address serio s pro lems (ethnic abu es, wo men’s r ght vio io ns , rule of law, war crimes/ethnic killings), and identify priority objectives. I lamic Transitional Government of Afghanistan begi ns to develop rules and procedures for the elect s in 2004, seek s co unt rywide co nsensus. The f rm and co mpo it io n o a parliament ary bo dy are addre ssed. E ect ral co mmissio is est blishe d. Vo r regist rat on begins. Afghan Conservation Co rps is establi hed to provid e income to Afghan returnees, fostering com unity-base d efforts to pr omote sound land and water management. DATA QUALITY Indicator Validation Achieving pro ress towards meeting political ob jectives lai out in the B nn Acc rd w ll effective y establish de mocrat ic rule in Afgh anistan. Data So urce Post reports, F eedom House Index. Priority countries: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Ne pal, Pakistan, Kaza hkst an, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikist , Turkmenist , Uzbekist an. Strategic G Chapte 2: Gove rni ng Ju stly and Dem cratically 73
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U.S. Depa rtm ent of State FY 2008 Perf orma nce Summary Indicator #5: Progress Toward Civil an d Political Freed om in Sub- Saharan Africa Output TARGETS FY 2008 Freedom House Political Righ ts and Civil Lib rt ies Sco es Political righ ts and civil liberties in each of the eleven priority coun tries is scored on a scale o 107, wit 1 represent ng t e highest and 7 t e lo west lev l of fre do m. (See "Data Source" below for a complete list of priority c untr es). Total P litical Rights : 5 out of 7 7 Average Poli tical Rights: 5.13 To l Civ l Libe rt ies: 52 o t of 77 Average Civil L berties 4.7 8 FY 2007 Freedom House Political Righ ts and Civil Lib rt ies Sco es Total P litical Rights : 5 out of 7 7 Average Poli tical Rights: 5.36 To l Civ l Libe rt ies :54 o of 77 Average Civil L berties: 4.91 RESULTS DATA QUALITY 2006 Freedom House Political Righ ts and Civil Lib rt ies Sco es Total Political Rights: 60 t 77 (t arget : 61) erage Po li cal Right : 5.45 (t arget 5.55) To l Civ l Libe rt ies :57 o of 77 (t arget 56) erage Civ l Libert ies: 5.18 ( arget 5.09) 2005 N/A 2004 N/A 2003 N/A Freedom House ratings provi e an objective y early analysis of basic freedoms in each of our priori ty countries. A decrease in the to tal and average scores indicate regional progress towar the Departm nt of State an d USAID's fr eedom goals for id entified strategic c unt ries. Priority countries: Angola, Bu rundi, Cote d'Iv re, Demo crat ic Republic of Co ngo , Ethiopia, Guin ea, Liberia, Ma urit ania, Nigeria, Sudan, Zimb abwe. Indicator Validation Data So urce Strategic G Chapte 2: Gove rni ng Ju stly and Dem cratically 74
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U.S. Depa rtm ent of State FY 2008 Perf orma nce Summary Indicator #6: Progress Toward Civil an d Political Freed in E st Asia and the P cific Output TARGETS FY 2008 Freedom House Political Righ ts and Civil Lib rt ies Sco es Political righ ts and civil liberties in eac h of the nine priority countri es is scored on a scale of 1-7, with 1 representing the highest and 7 the lowest le vel of freedom. (See "Data Source" below for a com lete lis of p io rity c tries ). Total P litical Rights 4 out 6 3 Average Poli tical Rights 4.22 To l Civ l Libe rt ies 40 o of 63 Average Civil L berties 4.2 2 FY 2007 Freedom House Political Righ ts and Civil Lib rt ies Sco es Total P litical Rights 4 out 6 3 Average Poli tical Rights 4.56 To l Civ l Libe rt ies 41 o of 63 Average Civil L berties 4.5 6 RESULTS DATA QUALITY 2006 Freedom House Political Righ ts and Civil Lib rt ies Sco es Total Political Rights: 45 t 63 (t arget : 43) Average Poli tic l Rights: 5 (ta rget: 4.78) To l Civ l Libe rt ies: 42 o of 63 (t arget 43) erage Civ l Libert ies: 4.66 ( arget 4.78) 2005 N/A 2004 N/A 2003 N/A Freedom House ratings provi e an objective y early analysis of basic freedoms in each of our priori ty countries. A decrease in the to tal and average scores indicate regional progress towar the Departm nt of State an d USAID's fr eedom goals for id entified strategic c unt ries. Freedom House. Priority cou tries: Burma, China, East Timo r, Cambo , Indo nesia, North Korea, P ilippin s, and Vietnam. Indicator Validation Data So urce Strategic G Chapte 2: Gove rni ng Ju stly and Dem cratically 75
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U.S. Depa rtm ent of State FY 2008 Perf orma nce Summary Indicator #7: Progress Toward Civil an d Political Freed om in the Western He misphe re Output TARGETS FY 2008 Freedom House Political Righ ts and Civil Lib rt ies Sco es Political righ ts and civil liberties in each of the four priority countries is s ored on a scale of 1-7, with 1 representing the high est and 7 the lowest level of fre dom. (See "Data Source" below for a complete list of priority c untr es). Total P litical Rights : 1 out of 2 8 Average Poli tical Rights: 3.75 To l Civ l Libe rt ies: 16 o of 28 Average Civil L berties 4.0 0 Other objecti es : Develop and strengthen the transparency, responsiveness, and independence of local govern ment in Venezuel a, Haiti, Bolivia, and Ecuador. Reinforce civil society linkages with lo cal gove rnments by training citizen groups to interact effective y with local au thori ies in Haiti, Bolivia, and Ecu dor. Increase civic and voter part icipat io n and po lit cally empo wer indige no us and mino rit po pulat s in Bo liv a, Ecuador, and Guatemala. Prov ide support to independ ent civil society in Venesuela. Suppo rt indepe ndent civ l so ci et y and hast en a transition to democracy; free political prisoners in Cu ba. FY 2007 Freedom House Political Righ ts and Civil Lib rt ies Sco es Total P litical Rights : 1 out of 2 8 Average Poli tical Rights: 3.75 To l Civ l Libe rt ies: 16 o of 28 Average Civil L berties: 4.00 RESULTS DATA QUALITY 2006 Freedom House Political Righ ts and Civil Lib rt ies Sco es Total Political Rights: 16 t 28 (t arget : 16) erage Po li cal Right : 4.00 (t arget 4.00) To l Civ l Libe rt ies: 17 o of 28 (t arget 17) erage Civ l Libert ies: 4.25 ( arget 4.25) 2005 N/A 2004 N/A 2003 N/A Freedom House ratings provi e an objective y early analysis of basic freedoms in each of our priori ty countries. A decrease in the to tal and average scores indicate regional progress towar the Departm nt of State an d USAID's fr eedom goals for id entified strategic c unt ries. Freedom House. Priority cou tries: Bolivia, Cuba, Nicarag a, Venezuela. Indicator Validation Data So urce Strategic G Chapte 2: Gove rni ng Ju stly and Dem cratically 76
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U.S. Depa rtm ent of State FY 2008 Perf orma nce Summary Indicator #8: Ad vancing U.S Obje ctiv es at the UN Huma n Rig ts Co uncil Output TARGETS FY 2008 Co uncil addres ses, t ro ugh a reso lut , rappo rt eur's repo rt , or a special sessio at least five pressing human rights situations. Number of Member States with a 7 Rating (worst rating) f r eith er p litical fre or civil li berties, as rated by Freedo House, is maint ine o r reduced co mp ared t FY 200 7. Average poli tical freedom and civil liberties scores for Mem er States on Council, as ra ted by Freedo House, compared to results prev io us year (Scale: 1 = best ; 7 = worst): Political Fr eed om: Previous year's average score maintaine (wi hin +0.2%) or re duced; Civ l Libert ies: Prev io us year's average score maintaine (wi hin +0.2%) or reduced. FY 2007 Co uncil successfully reviews special man at es and reduces redundant ma ndates by 20% while retaining at least 70% of coun try-spec ific mandates. Council addres ses, through a reso lutio , rappo rt eur's repo rt , or a special sessio , at leas fo ur pressing human rights sit at io ns. Co uncil will suppo rt increased work and outrea ch to o fer chnical assist an ce or grants in-country on huma rights an d demo cracy by t e Of ce of e High Com ssioner for Hum n Rights (OHCHR), i co mplement to that expected in the UN Dem cracy Fund, UN Develo pm ent Program , and the Secretariat Ele toral Assistance Unit. Number of Member States with a 7 rating (worst rati ng) for ei ther political freedom or civil liberties, as rated by Freedom House, is maintaine or reduced compared to FY 2006. A erage po lit cal freedo and civ l libert ies sco es f r mber Stat es o Co unci , as rated by Fre dom House, compared to resu lts from previous year : Politi cal Freedom: Previous year's averag e score maintaine (wi hin +0.2%) or reduced; Civil Liberties: Previous year's averag e sco e maint ine (wi hin +0.2%) o r reduced. RESULTS 2006 The Hum n Rights Council (H RC) replaced th e discredit d Co mmis io n o Human Right , a y USG ob jec ive. Al thou gh the USG vo ted ag ains t the res lution t crea te the C uncil because it was not stron enough, the resolu ti on included several USG priority elements, including: indi vidual voting for Member Sta es, an exhortation to UN Me mber States to consider the hum an rights record when vo ti ng for the Cou cil, a universal peer review mechanis m, an d an agreemen t to review a ll the Council’s s ecial procedures, working groups, and th e Subcommiss n with a view to eliminating redundant or politicized bo dies. The U.S. did no run fo r membershi , but participated actively as an observer. The HRC adopted no U.S.-supported resoluti on s in its first three regular a d first three special ses io ns. The HRC’s first t ree special sessio s wer devo d exclusively t issues related to Isra el and each ad opted anti-Isr ael resolutions. The HRC adopted a U.S.­ supported resolution on Darfu at its four th ecial sess ion. Three Member States had a 7 rating (w ors r ting) fo r eith er the p litical freedom or civil liberties score, as rated by Freedom House. Average poli tical freedom and ci vil liberties scores for Member States on e 2006 Co un cil: Po lit cal Freedo : 3.1 ; Civ l Libert ies: 3.06 2005 N/A 2004 N/A 2003 N/A DATA QUALITY Indicator Validation The new UN Human Rights Council replace the UN Commiss ion on Hu man Rights as the main UN bo dy address human right issu es globally. Election to the Council of democratic states with good human rights records dem nstrates th e importance placed by the international community on havin a cr edible and ef fective body th at can respond to pressing human rights situations. Th e members of the Council should have a demonstrated commitment to the promotio n and protecti on of human rights. Data So urce OHCHR do cument s, Freedo Ho use repo rt s, Co uncil act s. Strategic G Chapte 2: Gove rni ng Ju stly and Dem cratically 77
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U.S. Depa rtm ent of State FY 2008 Perf orma nce Summary Indicator #9: Level of Women's Politi cal and Economic Participation in Iraq and Afghanistan Outcome TARGETS FY 2008 Iraqi Women’s Democracy Initiative, Gift Fund, and Netwo k continue to build NGO and private se ctor partic ipation in leadership tr aining and employment ppo rt unit es. Women participate in all leve ls in Iraqi political parties, including leaders ip positions; an increased numb r of w me n are appointed j dge in Iraqi c urts. Increased effectiveness of Ira i women’s civ l so ciet y asso ciatio ns in ad vocating w th Iraqi governm nt. Increased enga gement by international community in support of Iraqi women. Women-run business es and cooperatives in Iraq become mo re numerous and pro it able. USAWC adds new partnerships from am ong foundations, business, universi ies, and pro essio al asso ciat io ns. Afghan women strengthen th eir representation in non-traditional ministerial, deputy ministerial, an d other po licy level positions. Afghan women continue to se cure position s as amb ssa dors, diplomats, j dges, and members of th e Judicial Commiss ion. Levels of Afgh an female enrollment in schools and the workforce con inue to increase. Afghan women continue to ad va nce in politi cal leadership. FY 2007 Iraqi Women’s Gift Fund, in conjunction with US-Iraqi Wo men’s Net suppo rt s emplo ment a d busin ss ini iat s; po lit cal and adv cacy t aining. Increased capa city of existing Women’s Cent ers; five new Cent ers est blis hed. Women participate in all leve ls in Iraqi political parties; at least one woman is appo int d judg e in Iraqi co urts. Small women-run busines es use micro-credit and public-p riv secto grant t o dev lo p and expand. USAWC adds new partnerships from am ong foundations, business, universi ies, and pro essio al asso ciat io ns. Afghan women are placed in non-traditional ministerial, d puty ministeri l, and other policy le vel positions. ghan wo men secure po sit ons as am bass ad s, diplo at s, judges, and m mbers o f the Jud cial C ss ion. Levels of Afgh an female enrollment in schools and the workforce increase. Afghan Women Parliamentari ns secure sea s on main committees (other than Committee on Women's Affairs). RESULTS 2006 Iraq: Political and economic training delive red, with emp asis on NGO sustainability in rural areas. Began partnerships with univers ities, establis hing centers to be run by Iraqi women. Worked with w men leaders to ensure rights upheld in C ns titutional amend ent pr ocess. Expande med a trai ni ng with youth empha is. Provided crocred t t o n, b ilt econom ic em rm ent throu h s ills training. Afghanis tan: U G b ilt o reh litated 5 s hools . Afgha Literacy Initiative reached 960 0 s udent , 50% are f male. 34% o 5 millio n children enro lled in scho l are female. USG completed 17 Women’s Res urce Centers deede to Ministry of Women’s Affairs to provide outreach an d training to provincial women. Bro der M ddle E st : Lit racy and v cat al t aining pro grams inaugurat d. Developed and obtained appr oval for one project for the e onomic empowerment of wo men. Strategic G Chapte 2: Gove rni ng Ju stly and Dem cratically 78
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U.S. Depa rtm ent of State FY 2008 Perf orma nce Summary 2005 Iraq: Six wo me n appo int d t Cabinet in A ril 2005. Repo rt ed 67% o wo men v d. 87 women elec ted to Transitional National ssembly (TNA ); wo men mak up 33% o f body, surpass ng targe t of 25%; at leas t 25 women in TNA were trained under Init iat grants. A ppro imat ely 1,000 wo me n t ained as t ainers under In it iat . Initiative grantees establish 3 Women's Cent ers of varying s ze and capacit ; Centers provide progra ms in educatio n, gove rnance issues, an d co mput ers. G/IW I st affers av el o rdan f r t aining of 175 wo men i po lit cal participat io n, leadership, and coalition building. 12 international Minist ries for Women’s Affairs have rendered support throu h donations of training material s and offers of training. Ira i Gift Fund est blishe d. Afghanis tan: 3 n ap inted to cab net tions 1 w n to s cab net po sit , and 1 wo man was n med pro incial go rno , t e f rst in Af ghanist n's history. USAW C, through Afghan Leaders Connect, pr ovided com uter equip ent to wo men's reso ce cent ers. USA C, t ro ugh Afghan Leaders Connect, provided funding for human rights awa eness training t seco ndary scho girls. -- USA C meeting held i Kabul, with the participation of the First L dy. 2004 Iraq : Senior C ord nator trave to Baghd d to meet with Iraqi women an CPA to ident crit ica needs f r women. A nno uncement o $10 millio Iraqi W men's Demo cracy Initiat o M rch 8, 2004, by S cret ary of St at e Co lin Po well. Init iat e U.S.-Iraq Women’s Network (USIWN) linking United States with women in Iraq to exchange information, skills, and best prac ti ces on political participation, economic empowerment, and med a outreach. Eq uality for women in Transitional minist rat Law; repeal o Reso lut 137, which wo uld hav impo sed Shari'a family law o wo men. A ssist wit develo pm ent o Iraqi wo men’s pro essi al associations (e.g., engineers, journalist s, N Os). Wo men appo int d t po lit cal ffice, including deputy mini sters. Wo rk with NEA to secure fo cus t ai ning opportunities for Iraqi women under MEPI. Bring delegation of 12 Iraqi women to U.S. for training in political part icipation, leadership, and coal building. Bring f male Iraqi Minist ers, including Minist er o Wo men's A ffairs, W shingt , D.C. fo r Whit e House event a nnouncing Initiative grantees organize sche dule of meetings and training for th em. Afghanistan: W men participa e in Constitu ti onal Loya Jirga : ob tain cons ti tutional guarantee of equality, reserved seats in pa iam nt. Voter registration of at least 50 percent of w men. Women run for political office in parliamentary and preside tial elections. Judi cial training for women ju dges in civil and family law. Mentoring relat ships b een U.S. Co ngresswo en and Minist ers and asp ring w men candidates in Afghanistan, between U.S. business women and women in Afghanistan. Tr av el of Senior Co dinato to Af anist n, and two high-level plenary meetings of U.S.-Afghan W men’s Council (USAWC). Report t U S. Co ngress on "U.S. Support f r Afghan Women Children, and Refugees." 2003 Iraq: In conflict, women just eme rging from Saddam Hus n's shadow. Afghanistan: USAWC began giving grants to NGOs for p liti cal participation, microfinance, job skills training, litera cy, a d other educational programs in Women's Resource Centers. Begin plans for women's dorm and Women's T eacher Training Institution and Literacy Initiati ve w th invo lvem ent of First Lad . st Conflict: “Big Idea” Mentoring Initiative b gan w th Afghan is tan; 2 -3 Afghan women leaders begin 1-2 activities. DATA QUALITY Indicator Validation Progress repor s fr om grante s; num ber of women holding prominent positions in governm nt an d civil society. Data So urce Embassy re porting, U.S.- fgh n Women's Council. Strategic G Chapte 2: Gove rni ng Ju stly and Dem cratically 79
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U.S. Depa rtm ent of State FY 2008 Perf orma nce Summary Indicator #10: Status of Religious Freedom Outcome TARGETS FY 2008 Broaden and d eepen engage ment to promote religious f dom with priority coun tries and throughou priority regio s. Fully inte gr ate Internation l Religious Fr eedom (IRF) office r responsibilities for reporting on reli gious freed dev lo pment , adv cat ng r improvements, and engaging in outreach with production of high-quality, streamlined country reports for the annual IRF Report Increase outreach aimed at inc easing underst anding and suppo rt f r religio s freedom around the world and undertake planning o public diplo acy ef rt s. Coo dina te with key ally coun tries in order to press for religious f eedom progress in at least tw o priority coun tries or in multilateral fora. FY 2007 Expand advocacy on IRF improvements with pr iority countries, consideri g use of the full range of options available un der the IRF Act. IR F office engages in increased travel to and advocacy with priority countries, presentati ons in national and international fora, N O contacts, and appropriate us e of pro ess of designating Countri es of Particular Conce n. Continue revising the IRF Report to make it more focused and useful for those tracking and engaging in religious free dom advocacy. C oord nate w th k y ally cou tries in ord r to press fo r rel gious freedom progress in at least two priority coun tries. Achieve significant policy objectives i at l east th ree target count es or regions. RESULTS 2006 Fo cused diplo at ic ef rt s on co nso idat in religious freed om im ovem ents in Saud i Arabia and Vie nam. Saudi Arabia confirmed licies to re s hool tex ook to eliminate intolerant language , protect the ri ght t private worship and import religi ous materials for p ivate use, and enforce con rols over the acti ons o the rel gious police. Vietnam releas ed all remainin g religio s priso ers, speede re gistration of churches, and took action agains t officials who violated the right to worship. Worked with international part ners t successfully press fo r co untries not to es tab is h anti-c onversion laws (e.g., India an d Sri Lanka) and rele ase religious prisoners (e.g., Saudi Arabia, C ina, and Indonesia). Be gan streamlining the format of the Internat ional Religious Freedom Report. 2005 Intensive diplomacy with Vietnam resulted i a binding agreement. Commitments secured on religious freedom in key areas of concern. Religious prisoners released in Vietnam, Saudi Arabia, China, and other cou tr ies No cou try-w anti-convers ion law s passe d. IRF Of ce t k respo sibilit f r and successf ully pro uced t e 2005 IRF Repo rt . 2004 Continuing U.S influence on some religion gislation. IRF perso nnel traveled to high- priority countries to facilita te IRF init iatives and negotiations. Progress made in establishing in creased religious freedom in Afghanistan an d Iraq. High standard maintaine for Annual Report on IRF. Bilate ral or regional I F initiatives undertaken, laying the gr ou ndwork for sig ificant policy changes in tho e countries or regions. 2003 IRF integrated into policy and advocacy by se nior U.S. officials abroad an d executive and legislative branches, includin g better coordi nat with Congress. Special fo cus n Afghanistan an d Iraq for incre sed religious freedom. DATA QUALITY Indicator Validation Po licy go als, repo rt ing requirement and p rf ormance indi cat r est blished by t e International Religious Freedom Act. Meetin gs, agreements and documented movement by countries toward greater religious freed validate progress toward IRF goals. Data So urce DRL IRF Report s Strategic G Chapte 2: Gove rni ng Ju stly and Dem cratically 80
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U.S. Depa rtm ent of State FY 2008 Perf orma nce Summary Indicator #11: Compliance in Strate c Free Trade Agreement Countries with International Labor Standards Outcome TARGETS FY 2008 Central America Free Trade A greem ent (CAFTA) prog ram begin to show results with free, democratic and inde pen ent unions fo ing in the export-pro cessing zones. Oman develops fully ar ticulat d union stru cture—including guest workers. Collecti e bargaining beg ns in Oman. Malaysia begin enforcement of inte rna iona lly reco gnized labor rights. Korea begins to implement obligati ons for im proving right to s rike. Vietnam begin to allow free dom of association and right or ganize. Improved compliance with labor standard s as measure b country ratin in Departm nt's Hum n Rights Reports. FY 2007 Improvement of labor conditi ns in Jordan to meet obli gations under the Free Trade Agreement (FTA). Implement tion of labo r and corporate social responsibility program in CAFTA region to bring count ries into c liance w th com tm ents under FTA. Conclusion o l bor chapters in Korean, Thai , United Arab Emirates (UAE), and Malaysian FTAs. Continued development of u ion stru cture in Oman, including worker representatives selected by u ions at th e In ternational La bor Organizati on (ILO). Negotiations b gin on labor ghts in Vietnam . RESULTS 2006 Successful con lusion of trad e agreemen t with Oman, pass age by Congress, and imple entation. Oman government issues cree amendin law and form ally establishing un ions. Imple entation of Central America Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA) began. International L bor Organization (ILO) began verification and benchmarki ng activities . Program to s rengthen labor m nistries, la bor c urts, and to fight discri nation in the maquilas b gan. Negotiations w th UAE and Thailand were on -going. Negoti ations began with Korea and Malaysia on labor chapte rs of free trade agreements. 2005 New labo r co de in Oman and rmat ion of fi rst workers’ committees. New child labo r law in UA . Electio s f first wo rkers’ commit ees in Ba ngladesh expo rt pro essing zones. 2004 Progress m de in worker right in high prio rity coun tries s lected fr om th e foll ow ing regions: Central Asia, the Mi ddle East, Chin a, Central America and Africa . Reduced num r o f rmal complaint and s by t ade unio s and NG Os alleging violati ns of basic rights at the ILO and in the con ext of adminis ering U.S. trade benefits. 2003 Worker organizations establis hed in one co try in each o the f ll owing regions: Eastern Europe, the Caucasus, Central Asia, the Middle East, China, Central America, and Africa. Increased i pl ementation of Internationa l L bor Organizat on standards in the Muslim w rld . DATA QUALITY Indicator Validation liance w th internationa l labor standar s is a strong indicator o res ect fo r workers’ rights and is a key indicator o a untry’s respect for hum an rights. Com liance is defined to mean whether or not a coun tr has ratified and imple ented the relevant ILO conventi on s for the c re l bor standards. Core labor s andards include the right to free association and to bargain collectively, elimin ation of child labo r, elimination of forced labor c ating discrim nation in em ployment in the workplace on the basis of ethnicity, relig on, race o ge nder. Data So urce Department of State Cou tr y Repo s o Human Rights Pr tices, International Confederation of Free Trad e Unions reports Departm nt of Labor’s onli ne WebMILS dat base, an d diplo at ic and media repo rt ing. Strategic G Chapte 2: Gove rni ng Ju stly and Dem cratically 81
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U.S. Depa rtm ent of State FY 2008 Perf orma nce Summary V. Illustrative Examples Governing Justly and Democratically The Middle E st Partnership Initiative The Secretary defined transformational diplom acy as the use of both diplomatic power and foreign assistance to help citizens bet r t eir o n li ves and buil d t eir o n nat s. The ddle E st Part nership Init iat (ME I) is t ansf mat al diplo acy in action. MEPI is a critical to ol that allows th e U.S. to re spond rapidly t ref rm ef fo rt s driv en by t e peo le o f e M ddle E st , incl uding in Syria and Iran. This Presidential initiative promotes regional form in f ur s rategic prio rit areas: (1) Dem cratic change throu h the p om oti n of d crati institutions, civil so ciet y dev lo pment , medi a reform, the rule of law and free, fa ir and competitive elec tions ( ) Econom ic growth through focusing on the important connections between economic reforms and demo cracy promo io n; (3) Ed ucation enhancement thro ugh improved curriculum content and de livery, and strengthening demo cratic values in both formal and non- formal educati n environmen ts; and (4) Wom n’s empowerm ent throu h program s meant to crea te societal ch ange and demo cracy-building. Supporting H man Rights a d Democracy: The U.S. Record 2005 - 2006 In t e bro der M ddle E st , t e past year sa w indigeno us calls f r demo crat ic refo rm, e beginnings o po li cal pluralism, unprec dented elections, and some new protecti ons for women and minorities. The peop le of Iraq went to the polls three times and held t demo cracy’s co urse des it e high levels of viole ce. The men and women of Afghanis tan ca their b llo ts count ryw in the first free legislative ele tions since 1969, ev en as t e G rnment st ruggled t o expand it s aut it y er prov incial cent ers . The first post-conflict elections in Liberia re su lted in Africa’s first electe d female head of sta e, marking a milestone in Liberia’s tr ans tion from c vil w r to d cracy. La tin American and Caribbe an de mocracies con in ued to con ron the challenges of strengthening weak institutions, fighting co rruption, and redressing social inequality. Ukraine’s new governm nt, r flecting the de mo crat ic will f e peo le, made no ble impro ement in human right perf mance. A d Indo nesia t e wo rld’s mo st po pulo us Muslim majority country, stre ngthened the ar chitectu re of its demo cratic system when, for the firs t ti , citizens d rectly elec te d their leaders at the ci ty, rege ncy, and provincial leve ls. Meanwhile, from Burma to Belarus, China Cuba, No rt Ko rea o Syria, and Iran to Zimbabw , courageous me n and women s ffered persecution for exercising their fundamental freedoms of expressio , asso ciat io n, assembl , and movement, and against great odds cont inued to work for peaceful change . Rights and R le of Law in Tajikistan In Tajikistan af ter establishing centers in Du shanbe an d Khujand, ABA/CEELI, with the Department of State, increas ed public aw areness of women’s rights and the number of decisio s o legal issues favorable to wo me n’s rights, including successful prosecutions in sexual harassm nt, anti-trafficking, and do mest ic vio ence cases. During t e gran t perio , t e cent ers pro ided nearly 1500 co nsult s, re present d 65 c ient s, prepared o er 500 legal do cument s and o rganized numero s t ainings in Dushanbe, Khujand and other ou tlying r gions on t pics including gender equality an d the nvention on the Elim inatio n of All F rm of Dis rim nation Agains t W n. Strengthening Wo me n’s P tic l Participation in South Asia In South Asia, the Department worked with the National D mocratic Insti ute (NDI) to build ess nt ial civ l so ciet y and demo cracy b empowering women to participate in the po lit cal pro ess. NDI co nduct d candidat e and elected representative trainings for er 3,730 wo men t ro ugho ut Af ghanist n, Bangladesh an d Paki st an. r NDI t ained as ter trainers w o w uld in turn t ain other women par y members, el ected officials and potential candidates in Afghan tan, nine women ran for parliamentary and provincial cou cil elections a d a numb r of o her wom n were involved in supporting campaigns; three of these wome n won parli mentary seats. Strategic G Chapte 2: Gove rni ng Ju stly and Dem cratically 82
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U.S. Depa rtm ent of State FY 2008 Perf orma nce Summary Human Right and Reconcil iati on in Ang la In Angola, the Search for Common Ground (SFCG), with H DF funding, r ised the capacity of An golan civil soci ety to develo implement, and evaluate reconciliation programs in their communities, establish li ages betwee civil society and political institutions, an d to train futu re security fo rces in conflict resolution tech niques an d human right principles. SFC implement d 534 reco nciliat act es direct ly impact ing 13,0 00 part icipant , o who 3,500 were wo men In addit , t is pro ect created the first multi-ethnic n’s s ciety. ter the com letion o f the p ogram , local organizations in 12 communities held t eir own meetings with government fficials t reso lve co nflict s. Thirt y percent of the civil society organizati ons trained are continuing con lict and recon iliation traini ngs in their ow n communities . Strategic G Chapte 2: Gove rni ng Ju stly and Dem cratically 83
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U.S. Depa rtm ent of State FY 2008 Perf orma nce Summary V. Resource Detail State Operations Appro riatio ns by Bureau ($ Thous nds) Bureau FY 20 06 Actual FY 20 07 Estima te FY 20 08 Request Bureau of International Organ zations 194,5 40 180,2 86 186,6 69 Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights & Labor 90,75 8 66,20 2 96,75 8 Bureau of Western Hemisphe re Affairs 43,80 7 51,53 2 54,56 9 Bureau of Eu ropean and Euras an Affairs 24,77 6 24,30 9 25,22 7 Bureau of East Asian and Pacif c Affairs 19,11 1 18,93 0 16,97 6 Other Bureaus 49,99 1 53,25 5 59,65 2 Total State Operations Appropriations $422,983 $394,514 $439,851 Strategic G Chapte 2: Gove rni ng Ju stly and Dem cratically 84

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