Formalism/New Criticism

Formalism/New Criticism Formalism/New Criticism - Start

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By: Jim, Matt, Max, and Nick. Definition. Formalism:. Noun. Strict adherence to, or observance of, prescribed or traditional forms , as in music, poetry, and art.. What do Formalists do?. Formalists look at specific words and elements to critique in a given piece.. ID: 288527 Download Presentation

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Formalism/New Criticism




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Presentations text content in Formalism/New Criticism

Slide1

Formalism/New Criticism

By: Jim, Matt, Max, and Nick

Slide2

Definition

Formalism:

Noun

Strict adherence to, or observance of, prescribed or traditional forms , as in music, poetry, and art.

Slide3

What do Formalists do?

Formalists look at specific words and elements to critique in a given piece.

Focus on grammatical, rhetorical, and mechanical structures of written pieces.

Focus on the patterns literary devices establish.

Special attention is paid to any repetition of images and symbols.

Formalists believe that richer vocabulary and vivid descriptions make a good book.

Slide4

History of Formalism

Formalism began in 1920-1930 and flourished in the 1940s.-1950s.

New Criticism flourished in 1941 and got its name from John Crowe Ransom’s novel

The New Criticism

.

Still widely used today.

Slide5

PROS to using Formalism

This approach can be performed without much research.

It emphasizes the value of literature apart from its context (in effect makes literature timeless).

Virtually all critical approaches must begin here with formalism.

Slide6

CONS to using Formalism

The text is seen in isolation.

Formalism ignores the context of work.

It cannot account for illusions.

It tends to reduce literature to little more than a collection of rhetorical, stylistic devices.

Slide7

Applying Formalism

We read ‘My

F

ather and the Fig Tree’ by Naomi

Shihab

Nye.

We were asked to read this poem with a formalist approach.

This is what we came up with…

Slide8

My Father and the Fig Tree

In

the second stanza, the author uses imagery to describe the ‘ideal’

fig.

In

the first stanza, the author talks about

Joha

who is a

trickster figure

in Palestinian

folktales.

In

the second stanza, the author talks about Allah, Islamic god, and

how a fig needs to be so good it would be fit for a

god.

The

fig tree is a symbol representing the father's love for his

home country

Slide9

Works Cited

Middle Eastern Literature Packet.

Murfin

, Ross, and

Supryia

M Ray.

The

Bedford Glossary

of Critical and Literary

Terms

.

N.p

.:

n.p

., 1988

.

Bedfor

St. Martins

. Web. 30 Apr. 2012

. <

http://

bcs.bedfordstmartins.com/virtualit/poetry/critical_define/crit_form.html>.

"Formalism."

Dictionary.com

. Dictionary.com. Web. 01 May 2012

. <

http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/formalism?s=t

>.


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