Presentations text content in Formalism/New Criticism
By: Jim, Matt, Max, and NickSlide2
Strict adherence to, or observance of, prescribed or traditional forms , as in music, poetry, and art.Slide3
What do Formalists do?
Formalists look at specific words and elements to critique in a given piece.
Focus on grammatical, rhetorical, and mechanical structures of written pieces.
Focus on the patterns literary devices establish.
Special attention is paid to any repetition of images and symbols.
Formalists believe that richer vocabulary and vivid descriptions make a good book.Slide4
History of Formalism
Formalism began in 1920-1930 and flourished in the 1940s.-1950s.
New Criticism flourished in 1941 and got its name from John Crowe Ransom’s novel
The New Criticism
Still widely used today.Slide5
PROS to using Formalism
This approach can be performed without much research.
It emphasizes the value of literature apart from its context (in effect makes literature timeless).
Virtually all critical approaches must begin here with formalism.Slide6
CONS to using Formalism
The text is seen in isolation.
Formalism ignores the context of work.
It cannot account for illusions.
It tends to reduce literature to little more than a collection of rhetorical, stylistic devices.Slide7
We read ‘My
ather and the Fig Tree’ by Naomi
We were asked to read this poem with a formalist approach.
This is what we came up with…Slide8
My Father and the Fig Tree
the second stanza, the author uses imagery to describe the ‘ideal’
the first stanza, the author talks about
who is a
the second stanza, the author talks about Allah, Islamic god, and
how a fig needs to be so good it would be fit for a
fig tree is a symbol representing the father's love for his
Middle Eastern Literature Packet.
, Ross, and
of Critical and Literary
. Web. 30 Apr. 2012
. Dictionary.com. Web. 01 May 2012