Rwanda Genocide

Rwanda Genocide Rwanda Genocide - Start

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Perpetrators. When: April 6, 1994 – July 15, 1994. Who: Hutu-led government and Hutu extremists. Theoneste. . Bagosora. (1941-present). Chief of Staff, Ministry of Defense. Established . Interahamwe. ID: 558380 Download Presentation

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Rwanda Genocide




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Slide1

Rwanda Genocide

Slide2

Perpetrators

When: April 6, 1994 – July 15, 1994Who: Hutu-led government and Hutu extremists

Theoneste Bagosora(1941-present)Chief of Staff, Ministry of DefenseEstablished Interahamwe Militia

Interahamwe Militia(1990-present)Hutu Militia Extremists

Radio Television

Libre

des Milles

Collines

(RTLM)

(1993-1994)

Popular Hutu-led Radio Station

Slide3

Victims

Dead: 800,000 dead in 100 days (8,000 per day)Causes: Machete, and to a lesser extent, firearmsTargets: Tutsi Minority Ethnic People, Moderate HutusRefugees: 550,000 refugees and 350,000 internally displaced people

Slide4

End of the Conflict

Slide5

Summary of Genocide - Timeline

April

6, 1994:

Rwandan president’s plane shot down. Official start of genocide.

April 7, 1994:

Rwandan Forces (FAR) set up roadblocks, killing moderate Hutu and ethnic Tutsi.

10 Belgian peacekeepers murdered, sparking the withdrawal of foreigners living in Rwanda.

July 15, 1994:

RPF captures the capital, 2 million Hutu civilians and government reps flee.

April1994

July 1994

June 22, 1994: United Nations Security Counsel sends French forces to create safe zones.

April

21, 1994: United Nations Security Counsel reduces UNAMIR peacekeeping forces to 270 military personnel.

April

19, 1994: Human Rights Watch claims more than 100,000 people killed in Rwanda.

April

28, 1994:

Oxfam counts 500,000 people dead.

Slide6

What’s Happened Since?

November 8, 1994:

United Nations Security

Counsil

resolution creates the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR

).

December 1995:

ICTR announces first indictments against eight suspects, charging them with genocide and crimes against humanity.

December 1, 1996:

Start of national genocide trials in the

Gacaca

Courts.

May 4, 2012:

Gacaca

Courts officially close after trying more than

2

million

cases.

Slide7

Resources

Human

Rights Watch:

http://

www.hrw.org/africa/rwanda

Human

Rights

Watch report “Rwanda: Justice After Genocide – 20 Years On

”:

http://

www.hrw.org/news/2014/03/28/rwanda-justice-after-genocide-20-years

Outreach Program on the Rwanda Genocide and the

United Nations:

http://

www.un.org/en/preventgenocide/rwanda/about/about.shtml

BBC

article “Rwanda Genocide: 100 days

of Slaughter”:

http://

www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-26875506

“Sometimes in April” film:

http://

vimeo.com/25283728

Sweet Dreams” film:

http://www.sweetdreamsrwanda.com

/


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