Topic: Genocide in Rwanda

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Topic: Genocide in Rwanda

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Presentations text content in Topic: Genocide in Rwanda


Topic: Genocide in Rwanda

Aim: What was the impact of the tragic events in Rwanda?


Do Now:

What does the word “genocide” mean?

Write about a time and place where “genocide” occurred.


What is Genocide?

Genocide means actions committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group.





What are human rights?Declaration of Human RightsDeclaration of Human Rights (in plain English...)What are human rights violations?Ex’s – slavery, apartheid, Nazi


I. Geography of Rwanda

A. Rwanda is in central Africa.B. The capital is Kigali.Map


Once upon a time…

There were two ethnic groups of people living in Rwanda; the Hutus and the TutsisThe Tutsis were cattle herdersThe Hutus were crop-growers


Do you remember the “Scramble for Africa”?The Belgians colonized Rwanda after WWIThey treated the Tutsis better and allowed them to be the landownersThe Hutus were forced to work the fields

Once upon a time…

But let’s make this more accurate.


Belgian ethnic divisions

of Rwandan people

Rounder nose

Taller, thinner, longer nose

Do you think that was fair?


II. Before genocide


Belgian rule –

Tutsis were given control of land

Hutus worked the land

Based on different physical features such as skull and nose shapes.

B. Tutsi (15 % of pop.), Hutu (84 % of pop.)

C. Tutsis were the minority elite

D. Hutus were not happy being ruled by Tutsis


Once upon a time…

Over the years the Hutus became angered by Tutsi elite.

In the 1960’s, Hutus (the majority of the population) gain political power.

In the 1960’s – the early1990’s, Rwanda had Hutu presidents.


III. During genocide

1994. President Habyarimana (Hutu) dies after his plane is shot down. The Hutus blame and set out to massacre all Tutsis within the country. 800,000 to 1,000,000 Tutsis are killed over 100 days (men, women, children, and babies)machetes used to killTutsi people tried to flee

Who is a Tutsi? What determines what a Tutsi is? Who created that difference?


Rwanda 1994

“Hutu Mobs armed with machetes and other weapons killed roughly 8,000 Tutsis a day during a three-month campaign of terror. Powerful nations stood by as the slaughter surged on despite pleas from Rwandan and UN observers” National Geographic 2006.



Tutsis fleeing Rwanda (1994)Refugee camp (1994) Why did people leave?


IV. Rwanda after genocide

This Genocide was ended when the Tutsi rebel movement (Rwandese Political Front) took power of the Hutu Government. Survivors lost their family members. Children lost their parents. Nearly 1,000,000 people were killed.

Refugees in Rwanda (1996)


Reading: Ceiling Full of Bullets



The Rwandan Genocide was the slaughter of an estimated 800,000 to 1,000,000 Tutsis and moderate Hutus, mostly carried out by two extremist Hutu militia groups (Interahamwe and Impuzamugambi) during a period of 100 days from April 6th through mid-July 1994.The Western and First World Countries did nothing to help this situation. Prior to the attacks the UN did not respond to reports of the Hutu plans.This Genocide was ended when the Tutsi rebel movement (Rwandese Political Front) lead by Paul Kagame seized power of the Hutu Government.


Let’s assess…

Why was genocide in Rwanda an act of genocide?

People were singled out and killed based on their ethnic background


“Men are born and remain free and equal in rights.”

The French Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, France, August 26, 1789.


Refugees in Rwanda



Russian troops entering a

city in Chechnya


Slavery in America- 14th century to 1862

The Nazi regime-



“All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights.”

The United Nations’ (UN) Universal Declaration of Human Rights declares:


כל בני האדם נולדים שווים בכבודם



Regents style question








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