Rwanda Rwanda - Start

2016-07-07 136K 136 0 0


Canada’s Peacekeeping Failure. 5Ws (Background). Who: Tutsi and Hutu. Tutsi. and . Hutu. – two main ethnic groups in Rwanda, Africa.. In the 1400s the Tutsi’s formed most of the population of nobility and the Hutu majority (85%) of the population was mostly poor peasants.. ID: 393739 Download Presentation

Embed code:
Download Presentation


Download Presentation - The PPT/PDF document "Rwanda" is the property of its rightful owner. Permission is granted to download and print the materials on this web site for personal, non-commercial use only, and to display it on your personal computer provided you do not modify the materials and that you retain all copyright notices contained in the materials. By downloading content from our website, you accept the terms of this agreement.

Presentations text content in Rwanda



Canada’s Peacekeeping Failure

5Ws (Background)


Who: Tutsi and Hutu




– two main ethnic groups in Rwanda, Africa.

In the 1400s the Tutsi’s formed most of the population of nobility and the Hutu majority (85%) of the population was mostly poor peasants.

In the 1800’s Tutsi chiefs demanded


from the Hutu’s that occupied their land.

In 1885, Rwanda became a German colony and they chose the Tutsi’s to rule.


fter WWI when Rwanda was handed to Belgium, the Belgians supported the self-government of Rwanda in 1959 (a civil war over leadership ensues until 1962 when an official election puts Hutu moderates in the seat of power)

Rwanda is an unstable country rife with violence through to the 1990s

The Hutu extremists resented Tutsi elites and the extremist group was formed…later carrying out the mass killing of almost 1 Million Tutsis in Rwanda


Who: Moderate Hutu, Tutsi civilians, RPF (Tutsi), Extremist Hutu

Moderate Hutus officially take power in 1973 (President = target that starts genocide)

Tutsi civilians (minority) wind up being the victims of genocide

Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) are the Tutsi nationalist rebel group that try to take power from the 1960’s to the 1990’s. They finally succeed in 1994 (a sad victory after the 100-days genocide against their people)

The Hutu extremists are initially two militia groups called INTERAHAMWE (“those who attack together”) and IMPUZAMUGAMBI (“those who have the same goal”). But after the assassination of the President, extremist crawl out of the woodworks from the Presidential Guard, the Rwandan Armed Forces.


Who: United Nations

an intergovernmental organization established on 24 October 1945 to promote international co-operation. A replacement for the ineffective League of Nations, the organization was created following the Second World War to prevent another such conflict.

One of the UN's primary purposes is "promoting and encouraging respect for human rights and for fundamental freedoms for all without distinction as to race, sex, language, or religion", and member states pledge to undertake "joint and separate action" to protect these rights.

(as per United Nations Charter –


hapters I and IX)


Who: Romeo Dallaire and UN peacekeepers

United Nations Assistance Mission in Rwanda (UNAMIR) Canadian commander Major-General Romeo


, led the Mission (which included peacekeeping troops from numerous countries, including Ghana) in Rwanda from 1993-1994 and had been credited with saving 20,000 Tutsis in safe-havens across Rwanda.

At times, more than 400 Canadian soldiers were peacekeeping in Rwanda.


What: Rwandan Genocide

100 days (April 6, 1994 – July 18, 1994)

It is estimated that between 800, 0000 to 1 Million Tutsis and Hutu moderates were slaughtered with machetes and guns by Hutu extremists. Even Hutu’s that did not take up the cause and carry out the mass killings were killed.

United Nations Assistance Mission in Rwanda (UNAMIR) could not manage the overwhelming genocide sweeping the country. Little to no support (troops, equipment or whatever) was given to the effort by the UN Security Council. In fact by Day 12, 90% of UN troops are withdrawn

from Rwanda.





April 6, 1994


After a plane carrying the Rwandan and Burundi Hutu Presidents crashed killing all on board. RPF was blamed in shooting down the plane (but to this day, it is unknown whether or not RPF or Hutu extremists were to blame).



On one side, the RPF want to reclaim power in Rwanda and succeed in gaining a power-share agreement with the Hutu moderate government by 1992 (after years of exile)

On the other side, the Hutu extremists plot to eradicate the Hutu moderates (in power) and the Tutsi minority

Both had a vested interest in gaining more power by assassinating the moderate President and sparking the conflict ensued







About DocSlides
DocSlides allows users to easily upload and share presentations, PDF documents, and images.Share your documents with the world , watch,share and upload any time you want. How can you benefit from using DocSlides? DocSlides consists documents from individuals and organizations on topics ranging from technology and business to travel, health, and education. Find and search for what interests you, and learn from people and more. You can also download DocSlides to read or reference later.