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Jesus and the Synagogue

Dr. . Faydra. Shapiro. Guiding Questions. How does our (modern, Western, Christian) image of the synagogue match the synagogue of Jesus’ time? . What can we – Jews and Christians – learn from the synagogue of Jesus? .

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Jesus and the Synagogue




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Presentation on theme: "Jesus and the Synagogue"— Presentation transcript:

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Jesus and the Synagogue

Dr.

Faydra

ShapiroSlide2
Slide3

Guiding Questions

How does our (modern, Western, Christian) image of the synagogue match the synagogue of Jesus’ time?

What can we – Jews and Christians – learn from the synagogue of Jesus? Slide4
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Συναγωγή

= LXX for

קָהָל and for עֵדָה

Beit Knesset?Shul?Temple?Slide10

When we hear the word “synagogue”, modern Western Christians and Jews tend to think of

a

buildinga building for Jews

a building for Jews to do religious Jewish thingsThese aren’t wrong

, but they don’t give a complete pictureSlide11
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For if there come unto your

assembly

[συναγωγὴν

] a man with a gold ring, in fine apparel, and there come in also a poor man in shabby clothingJames 2:2

I will make those who are of the synagogue [συναγωγῆς] of Satan, who claim to be Jews though they are not, but are liars--I will make them come and fall down at your feet and acknowledge that I have loved you

.

Revelation 3:9Slide14

He went to Nazareth, where he had been brought up, and on the Sabbath day he went into the synagogue, as was his custom. He stood up to read,

17 

and the scroll of the prophet Isaiah was handed to him. Unrolling it, he found the place where it is written:18 

“The Spirit of the Lord is on me,    because he has anointed me    to proclaim good news to the poor.He has sent me to proclaim freedom for the prisoners    and recovery of sight for the blind,

to set the oppressed free,19     to proclaim the year of the Lord’s favor.”[f]20 Then he rolled up the scroll, gave it back to the attendant and sat down. The eyes of everyone in the synagogue were fastened on him. 

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He began by saying to them, “Today this scripture is fulfilled in your hearing.”

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All spoke well of him and were amazed at the gracious words that came from his lips. “Isn’t this Joseph’s son?” they asked.

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Jesus said to them, “Surely you will quote this proverb to me: ‘Physician, heal yourself!’ And you will tell me, ‘Do here in your hometown what we have heard that you did in Capernaum.’”

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“Truly I tell you,” he continued, “no prophet is accepted in his hometown. 

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I assure you that there were many widows in Israel in Elijah’s time, when the sky was shut for three and a half years and there was a severe famine throughout the land. 

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Yet Elijah was not sent to any of them, but to a widow in

Zarephath

in the region of Sidon. 

27 

And there were many in Israel with leprosy

[

g

]

 in the time of Elisha the prophet, yet not one of them was cleansed—only

Naaman

the Syrian

.” Luke 4Slide15

Immediately, something like scales fell from Saul’s eyes, and he could see again. He got up and was baptized, 

19 and after taking some food, he regained his strength.Saul in Damascus and Jerusalem

Saul spent several days with the disciples in Damascus. 20 At once he began to preach in the synagogues that Jesus is the Son of God. 21Acts 9Slide16

God’s earthly dwelling place was the tabernacle and afterwards the temple. His great love to Israel is manifest in that, from his throne above the seven heavens, so far away…he came to dwell near his people in the goat-skin tent he bade them set up for him…If God has a tabernacle or temple on earth, it is not that he needs a place to dwell in, for his holy house on high was there before the world was created, but we might put it, because men need some visible thing by which to realize his loving presence. G.F. Moore

Judaism in the First Centuries of the Christian EraSlide17

What

can we – Jews and Christians – learn from the synagogue of

Jesus’ time?

At the center, God’s wordBuilding serves community not vice versaMust remember that building a community is more than “just” spiritual life and worshipSafe space but not a fortressSlide18

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