LEGISLATION IN THE PA HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES COMMONWEALTH OF PENNSYLVANIA HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Have you ever wished that government would just step in and pass a law to correct some situation - PDF document

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  LEGISLATION IN THE PA HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES COMMONWEALTH OF PENNSYLVANIA HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Have you ever wished that government would just step in and pass a law to correct some situation
  LEGISLATION IN THE PA HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES COMMONWEALTH OF PENNSYLVANIA HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Have you ever wished that government would just step in and pass a law to correct some situation

LEGISLATION IN THE PA HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES COMMONWEALTH OF PENNSYLVANIA HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Have you ever wished that government would just step in and pass a law to correct some situation - Description


Making law in Pennsylvania is a meticulous process and for good reason State laws in57347uence our environment economy education our families our health and virtually every aspect of our daily lives now and for generations to come To make new laws ID: 6167 Download Pdf

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The idea The legislators sponsoring the idea BLUEBACKSlegislatorís proposal. of the House. The The Idea EmergesLegislative Reference Bureau Today, the non-partisan 7 refers to the Governor. The PARLIAMENTARY PROCEDUREto all of its members. These of Englandís Parliament. Fitting the Mold During this stage, Public Access to Bills During an average two-year term, about 5,000 bills are in-troduced and filed in the House bill is available online at www.legis.state.pa.us. For a free copy of a bill, contact your Represen-number are listed with the Chief you know the Printerís Number the bill, you may stop in person for a copy. Printerís No. 111THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF PENNSYLVANIA 2003Introduced by:Referred to Committee on: 1.2.3.4.5.6.7.8.9. Anatomy of a Bill for life of billCurrent Printerís NumbernamesCommittee AssignmentUnderline indicates amendments added to original lawTitleBill Line Numbers 8 Scrutiny by Committee The Speaker The family of co-sponsors who A Catalog of Committees Standing CommitteeSubcommittee When it is ready to vote, a Standing Fictional House Bill 652 survives its CAUCUSmeaning ďelderĒ or ďcounselor.Ē 1. A policy and strategy meeting of party members.2. The Democratic or Republican party organizations, e.g. ďAs a Democrat, I recommend to the other caucus...Ē.3. An informal coalition of members with similar interests, for example, the Steel or Coal Caucus. Select CommitteeConference Committee BIPARTISANA Spirited Caucus ments in the legislative process. In effect, the caucus serves as a second look at a bill before it is discussed on the Floor. But the broader purpose of a caucus is to set port or opposition to bills that advance or block those goals. This is no easy task with legislators who represent a large diversity of interests across the state. Discussions are more like negotiations. Sparks fly as members tug and pull their various positions into place and persuasive Caucus Leaders try to gather enough votes to defeat or pass a bill. If Leaders succeed in ďholding the majorityĒ of 102 votes, they must then ďhold their caucusĒ or keep their members from deserting the party position once 9 The Caucus Confers The discussions normally occur at ďAny comments on this bill?Ē ďHow will this affect the state budget?ĒďThis bill wonít help the people in my district.ĒďWhy donít we table that one?ĒďMy constituents are really dependingon this.Ē has been reported to the Floor of the House. But first, the topic takes a brief but traditional detour into the Caucus Room for a practice, votes generally are not taken has had the opportunity to privately discuss, or caucus, the bill with its members. On major or controversial needs of a memberís constituents differ from caucus policy, individual 10 The House Floor Like all bills, First Day of Consideration The First Day of Consideration is a The clerk reads the number and title of the bill. There is no debate, no amendments are offered, and no vote is taken. Then House Bill 652 is auto-matically tabled, making it inactive for no more than 15 legislative days. Faster action can be taken on the bill if the Rule Committee recommends the table and a majority of members agree. Second Day of Consideration Bills that require an expenditure of Third Day of Consideration Debate over a controversial bill can LEGISLATIVE DAYA legislative day refers to a calendar oor.CONSTITUTIONAL MAJORITYA constitutional majority is composed a vote is taken. Thus, a constitutional votes. A ďsimple majorityĒ is equal At the close of the debate, members Hypothetical House Bill 652 passes overwhelmingly on the Floor of the ELECTRONIC ROLL CALLďnay.Ē At a signal from the Speaker, votes. Instantly, Although the House The Speaker of the House and the Now that both This fictional Act is now the official become law. Assembly.PRESIDENT PRO TEMPOREPresident cannot, however, vote on 678Appraisal by the SenateThe Governorźs A Bill Becomes Law Thatís why we canít turn ACT There is much to be proud of in Pennsylvania. Magnificent land, steadfast citizens, lasting traditions, resilient spirit Ė and a system of government that has sustained Pennsylvania and the nation for over 300 years. Making Law Pennsylvania is one of a series of booklets we at the House of Representatives have prepared to make our state and the everyday workings of our government more understandable to its citizens. As your representatives, this is both our responsibility and our pleasure.Copies of this booklet may be obtained from your State Representative or from:The Office of the Chief ClerkHouse of RepresentativesRoom 129, Main Capitol BuildingHarrisburg, PA 17120-2220Pennsylvania House of Representatives Making LawPennsylvania LEGISLATION IN THE PA HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES COMMONWEALTH OF PENNSYLVANIA HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Have you ever wished that government would just step in and pass a law to correct some situation you nd totally unacceptable? Fortunately for all of us, its not that simple. Making law in Pennsylvania is a meticulous process … and for good reason. State laws inuence our environment, economy, education, our families, our health, and virtually every aspect of our daily lives, now and for generations to come. To make new laws or change those already on the books, lawmakers follow time-honored constitutional procedures. On the following pages, youll see how a legislative system developed centuries ago still works today, both for lawmakers and the Pennsylvanians who send them to Harrisburg. Then, the next time you wish your legislators would just lay down the law,Ž youll have a good idea of what it takes to make that happen. “There oughta be a law!”making law H ave y ou ever wished that government w o a nd pass a law to correct some situation yo tbl?Fttlfllfit responsibilitydable There are many steps in the A Balance of Power Each body must approve the Whos the Boss?law. Amendments the House Floor. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVESGENERAL ASSEMBLY EXECUTIVE SENATE There is much to be proud of in Pennsylvania. Magnificent land, steadfast citizens, lasting traditions, resilient spirit – and a system of government that has sustained Pennsylvania and the nation for over 300 years. Making Law Pennsylvania is one of a series of booklets we at the House of Representatives have prepared to make our state and the everyday workings of our government more understandable to its citizens. As your representatives, this is both our responsibility and our pleasure.Copies of this booklet may be obtained from your State Representative or from:The Office of the Chief ClerkHouse of RepresentativesRoom 129, Main Capitol BuildingHarrisburg, PA 17120-2220Pennsylvania House of Representatives The House FloorLike all bills,First Day of ConsiderationSecond Day of Consideration Bills that require an expenditure of Third Day of Consideration Debate over a controversial bill can LEGISLATIVE DAYA legislative day refers to a calendar oor.CONSTITUTIONAL MAJORITYA constitutional majority is composed a vote is taken. Thus, a constitutional votes. A “simple majority” is equal At the close of the debate, members Hypothetical House Bill 652 passes overwhelmingly on the Floor of the ELECTRONIC ROLL CALL“nay.” At a signal from the Speaker, votes. Instantly, Although the House The Speaker of the House and the Now that both This fictional Act is now the official become law. Assembly.PRESIDENT PRO TEMPOREPresident cannot, however, vote on 678Appraisal by the SenateThe Governors A Bill Becomes Law That’s why we can’t turn ACT 11 8 Scrutiny by CommitteeThe Speaker The family of co-sponsors who A Catalog of CommitteesStanding CommitteeSubcommittee When it is ready to vote, a Standing Fictional House Bill 652 survives its CAUCUSmeaning “elder” or “counselor.” 1. A policy and strategy meeting of party members.2. The Democratic or Republican party organizations, e.g. “As a Democrat, I recommend to the other caucus...”.3. An informal coalition of members with similar interests, for example, the Steel or Coal Select CommitteeConference Committee BIPARTISANA Spirited Caucusments in the legislative process. In effect, the caucus serves as a second look at a bill before it is discussed on the Floor. But the broader purpose of a caucus is to set port or opposition to bills that advance or block those goals. This is no easy task with legislators who represent a large diversity of interests across the state. Discussions are more like negotiations. Sparks fly as members tug and pull their various positions into place and persuasive Caucus Leaders try to gather enough votes to defeat or pass a bill. If Leaders succeed in “holding the majority” of 102 votes, they must then “hold their caucus” or keep their members from deserting the party position once The Caucus Confers The discussions normally occur at “Any comments on this bill?” “How will this affect the state budget?”“This bill won’t help the people in my district.”“Why don’t we table that one?”“My constituents are really dependingon this.”House Bill 652 has been reported to the Floor of the House. But first, caucus, the bill with its members. On major or controversial The idea The legislators sponsoring the idea BLUEBACKSlegislator’s proposal. of the House. The The Idea EmergesLegislative Reference Bureau Today, the non-partisan refers to the Governor. The PARLIAMENTARY PROCEDUREto all of its members. These of England’s Parliament. Fitting the MoldDuring this stage,Public Access to Bills Printer’s No. 111THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF PENNSYLVANIA Session of 2003Introduced by:Referred to Committee on: Anatomy of a Bill The unit of lawmaking is the bill.Ž Birth of a BillThe idea for Bill 652 came from a group of Pennsylvania legislators committed to environmental Leaving the NestHouse Bill 652 moves to the Senate where it is examined in committee, in caucus, and by members on the Senate Floor. The Senate passes the bill without Legal experts at the Legislative Reference Bureau write the proposal in the proper The Third Day of Members actively debate House Bill 652. Ultimately, they vote The Second Day of The number and title of Bill 652 are again read to the members, who continue to prepare for discussion of the bill. Amendments may be of Fictional House Bill 652of a bill 5 The Chief Clerk names the new proposal by The Speaker of the House signs House Bill 652 on the House Floor and the President Pro Tempore of the Senate signs it in the Bill 652 debuts on the House Floor with an announcement by the clerk from the podium that the bill has been reported from committee. Members begin to DevelopmentThe Speaker assigns the bill to a Standing Committee. At the same time, the new bill is copied and distributed to House members and made Joining the TeamHouse Bill 652 officially becomes law and is given The Final InterviewThe bill arrives on the Governor’s desk where the Entering a Wider WorldLike all bills, 652 is considered by members on the House Floor on Rites of PassageHouse Bill 652 is examined by the Standing Committee on Environmental Resources and Energy, which votes to accept it as written and reports it to the House Floor. But first, the topic takes a brief detour into the caucus room for a second Peer ReviewMajority and minority party members meet in separate caucus rooms. There, they review the content of House Bill 652 and decide whether to support or oppose it, as well as other bills scheduled for discussion on Majority CaucusMinority Caucus Have you ever wished that government would just step in and pass a law to correct some situation you nd totally unacceptable? Fortunately for all of us, its not that simple. Making law in Pennsylvania is a meticulous process … and for good reason. State laws inuence our environment, economy, education, our families, our health, and virtually every aspect of our daily lives, now and for generations to come. To make new laws or change those already on the books, lawmakers follow time-honored constitutional procedures. On the following pages, youll see how a legislative system developed centuries ago still works today, both for lawmakers and the Pennsylvanians who send them to Harrisburg. Then, the next time you wish your legislators would just lay down the law,Ž youll have a good idea of what it takes to make that happen. “There oughta be a law!”making law H ave y ou ever wished that government w o a nd pass a law to correct some situation yo tbl?Fttlfllfit responsibilitydable There are many steps in the A Balance of Power Each body must approve the Whos the Boss?law. Amendments the House Floor. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVESGENERAL ASSEMBLY EXECUTIVE SENATE Have you ever wished that government would just step in and pass a law to correct some situation you nd totally unacceptable? Fortunately for all of us, its not that simple. Making law in Pennsylvania is a meticulous process … and for good reason. State laws inuence our environment, economy, education, our families, our health, and virtually every aspect of our daily lives, now and for generations to come. To make new laws or change those already on the books, lawmakers follow time-honored constitutional procedures. On the following pages, youll see how a legislative system developed centuries ago still works today, both for lawmakers and the Pennsylvanians who send them to Harrisburg. Then, the next time you wish your legislators would just lay down the law,Ž youll have a good idea of what it takes to make that happen. “There oughta be a law!”making law H ave y ou ever wished that government w o a nd pass a law to correct some situation yo tbl?Fttlfllfit responsibilitydable There are many steps in the A Balance of Power Each body must approve the Whos the Boss?law. Amendments the House Floor. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVESGENERAL ASSEMBLY EXECUTIVE SENATE Making LawPennsylvania LEGISLATION IN THE PA HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES COMMONWEALTH OF PENNSYLVANIA HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES 8 Scrutiny by CommitteeThe Speaker The family of co-sponsors who A Catalog of CommitteesStanding CommitteeSubcommittee When it is ready to vote, a Standing Fictional House Bill 652 survives its CAUCUSmeaning “elder” or “counselor.” 1. A policy and strategy meeting of party members.2. The Democratic or Republican party organizations, e.g. “As a Democrat, I recommend to the other caucus...”.3. An informal coalition of members with similar interests, for example, the Steel or Coal Select CommitteeConference Committee BIPARTISANA Spirited Caucusments in the legislative process. In effect, the caucus serves as a second look at a bill before it is discussed on the Floor. But the broader purpose of a caucus is to set port or opposition to bills that advance or block those goals. This is no easy task with legislators who represent a large diversity of interests across the state. Discussions are more like negotiations. Sparks fly as members tug and pull their various positions into place and persuasive Caucus Leaders try to gather enough votes to defeat or pass a bill. If Leaders succeed in “holding the majority” of 102 votes, they must then “hold their caucus” or keep their members from deserting the party position once The Caucus Confers The discussions normally occur at “Any comments on this bill?” “How will this affect the state budget?”“This bill won’t help the people in my district.”“Why don’t we table that one?”“My constituents are really dependingon this.”House Bill 652 has been reported to the Floor of the House. But first, caucus, the bill with its members. On major or controversial

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