Presentations text content in Family Law: Marriage, Divorce & the Family CLU 3MR Lesson
Family Law:Marriage, Divorce & the Family CLU 3MR Lesson 36
Family Law: Marriage, Divorce & the Family Learning Goal: Recognize how the law deals with relationships and the changing family structure What do you know? Terminology Note and discussion (Changing Family Structure & Legal Requirements of Marriage)
What do you know? In what ways does the law manage family life? Who can legally marry? What is necessary to get married? What happens when a marriage ends?
Terminology Adultery, monogamy, polygamy Annulment, separation, marriage breakdown, divorce Common law relationship Solemnization of marriage Custody, best interests of the child
Deals with the relationships among members of a family: husband and wife, parents and children Marriage is the most common means of forming a family Marriage is a contract Rights and responsibilities are a part of all contracts The state has a strong interest in marriage because it is the perpetuation of society
“Common law marriages” were the norm until the mid-1700s, based on private agreement The church of England didn’t approve First Marriage Act was passed in 1753 Outlined requirements necessary for a marriage to be valid Marriage laws are divided between Fed. And Prov. Gov’t in Canada Essential requirements for valid marriage are federal concerns Solemnization of marriage is prov. Concern Marriage licenses have been downloaded to the municipal gov’ts Common law arrangements have recently been entrenched in law, as well
Essential Requirements of Marriage 1. Mental capacity Can’t be mentally ill or under the influence of drugs or alcohol when getting married 2. Close Relationships Can’t be too closely related Affinity—by marriage Consanguinity—by blood See p. 441 in text for details A special act of Parliament may be granted to allow certain individuals to marry
3. Unmarried Status Marriage is monogamous in Canada—you can only be married to one person at a time Bigamy is the crime of being married to 2 people at the same time Presumption of death certificate is available when a spouse has disappeared for at least 7 years 4. Genuine Consent Must give free and voluntary consent Can be declared invalid I) mistake—identity of one person, nature of the ceremony 2) duress—marries due to fear for life, health, or freedom shotgun marriages!
5. Minimum Age In most provinces the minimum age for marriage has been set at 16 (with parental permission) However, the courts have shown that parental permission is not essential
Formal Requirements of Marriage Provinces have jurisdiction over marriage procedures 1. Marriage Licence or Banns Buy a licence at city hall between 3 months and 3 days before the marriage Have an announcement made in the couple’s church for 2 or 3 consecutive services 2. Marriage Ceremony Performed by someone with legal authority to do so Wherever the couple would like it to be performed Must make a solemn declaration during the ceremony Must state that they know of no reason why they shouldn’t marry
Establishing Age Requirement Must be 18 or 19 to marry on your own Must be 16, with parental permission In some provinces, if pregnant, can marry below age 16 Must be 16 in Ontario
4. Registering the Marriage Certificates are issued after registration Signed by the officiant of the marriage Kept on record for legal purposes
Tasks: Page 436: Case A.A. v B.B. (complete questions 1-4) Page 441: You be the Judge Feng v Yuen (answer the question at the end)