Medicinal Mushrooms

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Provided Courtesy of Nutrition411.com. Review . Date: 4/24/15. This presentation provides general information about medicinal mushrooms. . Consult with your health care professional if you have any questions or need additional information, because each case is unique. . ID: 463053 Download Presentation

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Medicinal Mushrooms




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Slide1

Medicinal Mushrooms

Provided Courtesy of Nutrition411.com

Review

Date: 4/24/15

Slide2

This presentation provides general information about medicinal mushrooms.

Consult with your health care professional if you have any questions or need additional information, because each case is unique.

Slide3

What are Medicinal Mushrooms?

An ancient superfood dating back to the Egyptians and Chinese cultures used to promote health and longevity

Contain

immune

activating beta-

glucans

and other

polysaccharides

Slide4

What are Medicinal Mushrooms? (cont’d)

Research has validated many of the purposes/uses of traditional methods

Abundant and diverse fungi represent healthful properties, namely anti-cancer and tumor,

anti-bacterial

, anti-viral, and immunostimulating

Slide5

Agaricus blazeiChagaCordycepsCoriolusMesimaMatikeLion’s maneReishiShittakeTremella

Types of Mushrooms

Slide6

Agaricus blazei

Slide7

GeneralName means “growing in the fields”Cultivated in Japan, Korea, USA, Denmark, Holland, and BrazilGrows well on cow manure

Agaricus blazei

Slide8

Traditional usesAyurvedic medicine believes it to be an aphrodisiacNorfolk, England: Treatment for throat cancerChina: Treatment for hypertension

Agaricus

blazei

(cont’d)

Slide9

Medicinal usesContains traces of vitamins A, B1, C, K, and bioflavonoidHelps with loss of appetite, indigestion, and insufficient breast milk secretionAnti-bacterialAnti-viral

Agaricus blazei

Slide10

Chaga

Inonotus obliquus

Slide11

GeneralCan grow up to 2 kilograms or moreGrows on boreal forest birch tree

Chaga

Slide12

Traditional usesUsed as a beer flavoringTo relieve rheumatic painTreatment for tuberculosis, liver disease, worms, and stomach problems

Chaga

(cont’d)

Slide13

Medicinal usesAntioxidant due to superoxidase dismutase (SOD) activity Inhibits tumor growthPolysaccharides inhibit glycosidase, which may inhibit the absorption of glucoseHigh oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC) value of 36 557 whereas the super food goji/wolfberry has 258.1

Chaga

(cont’d)

Slide14

Cordyceps

Cordyceps militaris

Slide15

GeneralAlso called “winter worm”Grows as a parasite in caterpillars and insectsWhen the fungi kills the insect, it creates a fruiting body

Cordyceps

Slide16

Traditional usesLung and kidney tonicAlleviate cold/cough, anemia, and joint painAphrodisiac and increase sperm productionIncrease chi/qiIncrease red blood cell production

Cordyceps

(cont’d)

Slide17

Medicinal usesBroad range of anti-tumor activitiesAnti-aging potentialImprovement in sexual dysfunction

Cordyceps

(cont’d)

Slide18

Medicinal usesAthletes:Has been seen to increase respiratory effect by removal of lactic acidIncrease ATP levelsImprovement of blood glucose

Cordyceps

(cont’d)

Slide19

Things to note/cautionDo not take during pregnancy or breastfeeding due to 17- beta-estradiolDo not take during fever

Cordyceps

(cont’d)

Slide20

Coriolus or Turkey TailCoriolus Versicolor

Slide21

GeneralTurkey tailColors of blue, brow, gray, and whiteLooks like the fan-like tale of the turkey

Coriolus

Slide22

Traditional usesNight sweats associated with tuberculosisTopical treatment for impetigo and ringworm Relief for rheumatism, fever, arthritis, and gout Decrease infection and inflammation of upper respiratory, urinary, and digestive tracts

Coriolus

(cont’d)

Slide23

Medicinal usesKrestin is a natural anti-cancer medication used in Japan that is derived from coriolusUsed along with traditional treatment such as chemo and radiation Works directly on tumor cells, prevents metastasis, enhances effects of radiation or chemotherapy

Coriolus

(cont’d)

Slide24

Medicinal usesImproves function of blood vessels, Immune enhancerEnhances alkaline phosphatase in osteoblast cells, which suggests use in osteoporosis and degenerative bone disease

Coriolus

(cont’d)

Slide25

Medicinal usesActivity against hypertension, diabetes, rheumatism, thrombosis, hyperlipidemiaAnti-inflammatory actions Leaky gut may benefit from PSK component of mushroom

Coriolus

(cont’d)

Slide26

Matike

Grifola frondosa

Slide27

GeneralAlso knows as “dancing mushroom”Looks like a wild butterfly dancing on the windCan weigh 22-95 poundsIn Japan, the secret location of these mushrooms were only revealed to the eldest son upon death

Matike

Slide28

Traditional usesDiureticAnti-pyreticAnti-gonorrhealImprove stomach and spleen conditionsHemorrhoidsHelp to calm mind and nervous system

Matike

(cont’d)

Slide29

Medicinal usesWhen exposed to sun, mushrooms are a good source of vitamin DAntioxidantReduce hypertension, blood glucose, and cholesterolDecrease abdominal obesityMay induce ovulation in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)

Matike

(cont’d)

Slide30

Medicinal usesCox 1 and 2 inhibitory activityStimulate immune system in chronic fatigue syndrome

Matike

(cont’d)

Slide31

Things to note/cautionMay aggravate neuromuscular diseases such as multiple sclerosis (MS)

Matike

(cont’d)

Slide32

Lion’s Mane

Hydnum

/

Hericium

erinaceus

Slide33

GeneralIn Japan it is referred to as yamabushi, “those who sleep in the mountains”Mushroom looks like a white lion’s mane hanging from a tree

Lion’s Mane

Slide34

Traditional usesIn traditional Chinese medicine it is used for digestion and gastric ulcersTreat neurasthenia and general debilityCuts and wounds healing

Lion’s

Mane (cont’d)

Slide35

Medicinal usesInhibitory effects on cancerAnti-fungal and anti-microbialTreating gastric and duodenal ulcers and chronic gastritisHelpful with chronic bronchitisImmunodilation

Lion’s

Mane (cont’d)

Slide36

Reishi

Ganoderma lucidum

Slide37

General“Devine or spiritual mushroom”

Reishi

Slide38

Traditional usesChronic hepatitis, asthma and bronchitis, nephritis, nerve pain, hypertension, gastric ulcers, insomniaStimulate sexual prowess and enduranceBalance endocrine and hormone levels

Reishi

(cont’d)

Slide39

Medicinal usesAnti-viral, anti-bacterial, anti-tumorStabilize antibody levels which possibly explains alleviation of food sensitivitiesPrevent and aid in treatment of peptic ulcersDecrease cholesterol, blood glucose, and hypertension

Reishi

(cont’d)

Slide40

Medicinal usesCalming, decreases anxiety, decreases insomnia and nervousness due to adrenal deficiencyRadiation protectionEnhanced bone marrow nucleated cell proliferation

Reishi

(cont’d)

Slide41

Things to note/cautionActs as a vasodilatorDo not take before surgery Caution when taking an ACE inhibitor

Reishi

(cont’d)

Slide42

Shiitake

Lentinula edodes

Slide43

GeneralAlso called the “oak mushroom”Grows on evergreen oak

Shiitake

Slide44

Traditional usesIncrease stamina and circulationAlleviate arthritis, diabetes, increased cholesterol, and immune deficiency

Shiitake (cont’d)

Slide45

Medicinal usesTreatment of gastric ulcersPrevents immune system damage in women with breast cancer who have a mastectomy without radiationIncrease lymphocyte proliferationEffective against yeast and mold

Shiitake (cont’d)

Slide46

Medicinal usesWhen sun dried, it is a good source of vitamin DInhibits herpesInhibits HIV and increases T4 cells in AIDS patients

Shiitake (cont’d)

Slide47

Things to note/cautionShould be cooked prior to consumptionDoes not lose its medicinal benefits Anti-clotting effectsDo not take with blood thinning medication

Shiitake (cont’d)

Slide48

Tremella

Tremella mesenterica

Slide49

GeneralOne-time belief that they were extraterrestrial or remains of a meteor from stars

Tremella

Slide50

Traditional usesLower total cholesterolMoisten lungs and treat dry, non-productive cough

Tremella

(cont’d)

Slide51

Traditional usesRelieve inflammation in upper respiratory tractsSoothing DemulcentSlightly expectorant

Tremella

(cont’d)

Slide52

Medicinal usesLower cholesterol, triglycerides, and blood glucoseExpectorant for lungsImmune stimulationRadiation protectionAnti-inflammatoryHepatoprotective

Tremella

(cont’d)

Slide53

Mesima

Phellinus linteus

Slide54

Traditional usesMixed with water:For a sore throat, cough, fever, diarrhea, and lung problems A “cooling” effect, to detoxify and restore internal organs

Mesima

Slide55

Traditional usesSmoke mushroom for a sore throatActivate blood circulation, nourish vital organs, resolve indigestion, relieve hot/inflamed tissue

Mesima

(cont’d)

Slide56

Medicinal usesAnti-tumorAnti-fungalStimulate immune activityDecrease metastasis of cancerGood to add to chemotherapy and other treatmentsModerate vasorelaxing effect

Mesima

(cont’d)

Slide57

Things to note/cautionMay enlarge prostate

Mesima

(

cont

’)

Slide58

George H. Medicinal mushrooms: The ancient superfood. Breakingmuscle.com website. http://breakingmuscle.com/nutrition/medicinal-mushrooms-the-ancient-superfood. Accessed July 3, 2015.Ikekawa T. Beneficial effects of edible and medicinal mushrooms on health care. Int J Med Mushrooms. 2001;3(4):4. doi:10.1615/IntJMedMushr.v3.i4.20.Medical Mushrooms.net website. http://www.medicalmushrooms.net/. Accessed July 3, 2015.Rogers R, Wasser SP. The Fungal Pharmacy: The Complete Guide to Medicinal Mushrooms and Lichens of North America. Berkeley, CA: North Atlantic Books; 2011.

References and

recommended readings


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