Thermae Romanae Baths to us! PowerPoint Presentation

Thermae   Romanae Baths to us! PowerPoint Presentation

2018-03-22 19K 19 0 0

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Thermae. Rome was a city of 1,000,000 people at its zenith and needed many baths to accommodate its residents.. Baths were called THERMAE if they were really big and BALNEA if they were small, local baths.. ID: 660370

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Slide1

Thermae Romanae

Baths to us!

Slide2

Thermae

Rome was a city of 1,000,000 people at its zenith and needed many baths to accommodate its residents.

Baths were called THERMAE if they were really big and BALNEA if they were small, local baths.

Balnea

were the most common bathing spot. They were simpler than

thermae

.

The first large scale

Thermae

was build in 25

bc

by Agrippa (same name on Pantheon).

Slide3

Thermae

Thermae

is the word for “heat.”

After Agrippa, many other Emperors wanted to build better and bigger

Thermae

(more luxurious) and subsidize them to the point that they were almost free.

The bath of Diocletian, built in 305 AD could accommodate over 3000 bathers

By 33 BC there were 170 baths, public and private, in Rome.

The daily bath had become a social occasion. Meet all your friends there.

By the end of the 4th century AD, there were 11 public baths and 926 private baths in Rome.

Slide4

Principal baths

Principal baths, named in honor of the emperors who had them built, were:

Nero in 65 AD

Titus in 81 AD

Domitian in 95 AD

Commodus in 185 AD

Caracalla in 217 AD (Ruins)

Diocletian in 305 AD (

Remodelled

:

MikAng

)

and Constantine in 315 AD

Slide5

Technological developments:

Thermae

needed two things to be successful:

Big open interior space:

achieved by a VAULTED CEILING

HYPOCAUST: Heating system for water and for the floor.

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Other Amenities

In addition to bathing, baths had:

Small theater for reciting poetry

Café and ambulatory snack sellers

Palaestra

: to exercise

Wrestle, foot race, ball games

Manicured gardens

Library

Lounge furniture

Slide12

Entering the bath

Greet the BALNEATOR with a QUADRANS.

The bath operator with the lowest denomination coin.

You might bring your slave who would carry your towel, oils, bath implements, watch your clothes

Slide13

First stop: Apodyterium

Enter the APODYTERIUM (changing room)

May give CASPARIUS a coin to guard clothes

Apodyterium

would have niches for clothes or wooden cabinets (lockers)

Slide14

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2nd Stop: Tepidarium

Enter the

Tepidarium

: Medium hot room/bath

This would warm your body up.

If you wanted: go into the

Palaestra

for exercise.

Slide16

3rd Stop: Calidarium

A) Optional: If you wanted: go into the

Palaestra

for exercise. Wrestling, ball, races.

B) CALIDARIUM: hot room and hot bath.

Open pores, sweat.

Heated floor: needed sandals

C) Optional: LACONIUM: Very hot room, no pool

Slide17

After you get hot and sweaty enough, heat or exercise:

Massage or rubdown with oils.

Yourself, Professional or your friend

Scrape off oils with a STRIGIL

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4th Stop: Frigidarium

After scrape off all sweat and oil

FRIGIDARIUM: Cold bath

Purpose: to close pores and cool off.

Slide22

Other Schtuff

NATATIO

Regular unheated swimming pool for recreation

Same as the pool you might use: splash around, drown your friends etc.

Some outside and some enclosed.

Slide23

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Other schtuff:

LATRINA:

Common room, no stalls, chit chat with friends

Sort of private: Pull up toga, Not pull down pants

Underwear?

Maybe

subligaculum

or loincloth

Hygiene: sponge

on a stick

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Subligaculum

Slide29

Co-ed?

Women probably bathed in the morning, men in the afternoon.

But the largest did have separate facilities for each.

Slide30

Water quality: poor

But: aqueducts provided water so the water could have been replenished.


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