American Psychological Association PowerPoint Presentation
(APA) . Formatting Guidelines. Developed for Florida Gulf Coast University. By Writing Center Staff. APA Style is used in research writing for several majors. Always check with your professor if you’re not sure which format to use.. ID: 288620Embed code:
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American Psychological Association (APA) Formatting Guidelines
Developed for Florida Gulf Coast University
By Writing Center StaffSlide2
APA Style is used in research writing for several majors. Always check with your professor if you’re not sure which format to use.
Header should read “Running head:” followed by shortened title in capitals, followed by the page number:Running head: PRIMARY EDUCATION 1The running head should be no more than 50 characters (including spaces and punctuation)Full title (12 or fewer words) should be centered in the upper half of the pageTitle is followed by student’s name and university.
Running head: SHORT TITLE ALL CAPS IN HEADER 1 1Full Title of Paper: Sentence Case, Centered Left to RightName of Student AuthorName of University
No more than 50 characters
Full title is centered
in upper half of the pageSlide5
When required, an abstract should be placed on the page immediately following the title page.
Indicate the thesis and main points of the paper.
Touch on the conclusions or implications of the research.
indent on the first line.Slide6
Source: Lambert, S., et al. (2005). Risk factors for community violence exposure in adolescence. American Journal of Community Psychology. 36(1-2), pp. 29-49.
Brief summary describing purpose and findings of the paper Average length 150- 250 wordsWritten as a single paragraph with no indentationsWord “Abstract” centered at the top Includes a header (title and page number)
Community violence is recognized as a significant public health problem. However, only a paucity of research has examined risk factors for community violence exposure across domains relevant to adolescents or using longitudinal data. This study examined youth aggressive behavior in relation to community violence.Slide7
FontTimes New Roman12-point Margins1 inchSpacingdouble5-space indent at the beginning of each paragraphJustificationLeft
INTERACTIVE CONFLICT 5 Begun primarily with the focus on the study of peace and prevention of war (Harty & Modell, 1991), the field of conflict resolution has since expanded its influence to all spheres from family, to business and community, to international relations. The effort, in fact, has been to shift international conflict resolution from being primarily the domain of the government and the military to that of social scientists. The most difficult aspect of intergroup and international conflicts is their tendency to become protracted. Azar (1990) suggests that such conflicts occur “when communities are deprived of satisfaction of their basic needs on the basis of their communal identity” (p. 12).Slide8
In your own wordsCite with author and year of publication
Critics of the workshops again called into question the applicability of a very intense method of human-relations training (the
model) to the situations of sensitive and volatile intergroup relations
Appears exactly the way it does in the original textSurrounded by quotation marksCited with author, year of publication, and page number. If no page number, use paragraph number.
Short quotesfewer than 40 wordsSlide11
(1990) suggests that such conflicts occur when “communities are deprived of satisfaction of their basic needs on the basis of their communal identity” (para. 12).
Such conflicts occur when “communities are deprived of satisfaction of their basic needs on the basis of their communal identity” (Azar, 1990, p. 12).
fewer than 40 wordsSlide12
Longer than 40 wordsNo quotation marksStarts on a new lineDouble-spacedWhole quote indented ½”Citation after the periodSlide13
Contrary to conclusions reported by Dylan (1979) and Forbes (1980), new research demonstrated many things about placebo effects on behaviors.
The placebo effect, which had been verified in previous studies, disappeared when behaviors were studied in this manner. Earlier
studies were clearly premature in attributing the results to a placebo effect. (Smith, 1982, p. 234)
Such future work must be both methodologically and scientifically sound.Slide14
Citing multiple authors
Use ‘&’ in parenthetical citations One authorTwo authorsThree to five authors (first citation) Six and more authors
Jones and Smith (2000) or (Jones & Smith, 2000)
(Williams, Jones, Smith, & Torrington, 2003)
(Williams et al., 2003)
Smith (2002) or (Smith, 2002)Slide15
Citing an indirect source
Name the original source in your signal phrase.List the secondary source in your reference listInclude the secondary source in the parentheses.
Levine (1998) (as cited in Barr, 2000) feels that students often fail tomaximize their potential.
Reference list: Use secondary source (Barr).Slide16
Citing using titleswhen no author is listed
Book title Article or chapter title Organization name
(Merriam-Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary, 2000)
(“Rats and Placebos,” 2003)
(National Institute of Mental Health, 2001)Slide17
Citation <---> Reference
In-text citations must always match with the reference entries: In-text Citation Reference Entry
“The club-and-bar scene is a new addition to the [student fun] list” (Levine& Cureton, 1998).
Levine, A., &
, J. (1998
When hope and fear collide: A portrait of
today’s college student.
Alphabetize by author’s last name
Hanging indent for each entry
Article title - only capitalize first word
only capitalize first word
Journal title -
and capitalize all wordsSlide19
GUIDE TO WRITING
Fine, M., &
, L. (1993). Reflections on determining authorship credit and
order on faculty-student collaborations.
WWW user survey. (
.). Retrieved from
, A., &
, P. (1999).
Presenting your findings: A practical guide for
Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.Slide20
Robin Sontheimer University of Missouri-Kansas City Writing Center 2009
Tutorial about APA stylehttp://flash1r.apa.org/apastyle/basics/index.htm
Sample APA paper
For more information
please refer to the APA Manual orgo to or go to www.apastyle.orgSlide22Slide23