Factors affecting Obedience: Personality PowerPoint Presentation

Factors affecting Obedience: Personality PowerPoint Presentation

2018-11-02 15K 15 0 0

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The Authoritarian Personality. ADORNO, T. (1950).. prejudice caused . by . a flaw in the . personality. an . ego-weakness. or ‘. maladjusted. ’ personality. Adorno was also . Jewish. ; academic interest triggered by . ID: 710066

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Slide1

Factors affecting Obedience: Personality

The Authoritarian Personality

ADORNO, T. (1950).

Slide2

prejudice caused by a flaw in the personality

an

ego-weakness or ‘maladjusted’ personalityAdorno was also Jewish; academic interest triggered by a desire to understand the Holocausthis ideas fit with the “Germans as different” hypothesis

The Authoritarian PersonalityADORNO, T. (1950).

Slide3

Created questionnaires about

upbringing

, politics and prejudicesIn-depth interviews of high and low scorers on the questionnaires, including Larry and Mackanalysed transcripts and used them to design another questionnaire (the F-scale) which measured “

Authoritarian Personality”AP predicts both obedience and prejudice to outgroups

But Adorno

criticised for his subjective interpretation of the original transcripts

How did Adorno do his research?

Slide4

many ‘items’ (questions) which assess amongst other things…

Receptivity to fascist ideology

Anti-SemitismConservatismEthnocentrismhttp://www.anesi.com/fscale.htmT

he F scale

Slide5

Harsh and punitive style of upbringing

leads to low self-esteem, self-loathing, anger and hostility in the infant

The development

of the Authoritarian Personality in early childhood

To resolve these inner feelings, the children

identify with the parents and come to idealise them; they become overly

subservient to those in power

Anger and fear are repressed

(motivated forgetting) into the “unconscious”; the emotions still exist but are buried away from conscious awareness, protecting the person from undesirable impulses to hurt the parents

This anger and fear is

expressed through displacement

; these people will act as though outgroups members are threatening, and respond with aggression, however the real target is the parents, but this knowledge is buried in the

unconscious

Outcome – people with

rigid, inflexible attitudes, highly obedient

to those they perceive as higher status and

brutal and discriminatory

towards those seen as having lower status

 

This hostility cannot be expressed

towards the parents due to fear

Slide6

Alan Elms found that those scoring higher on the F-scale also gave

higher shocks

Yet, AP is only be a partial explanation of Milgram’s study,; 65% obeyed up to 450 V and the percentage of people who score highly on the F scale is far lower than this. However, it may help to explain why some people found it easier to resist obedience

and showed higher levels of defiance/ dissent…e.g. very low scores on fscale

AP and obedience


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