Free Routing Airspace in Europe

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Implementation concepts and benefits for. airspace . users. Lennert Bentrup - . City University . London. Lennert.Bentrup.1@city.ac.uk. Max Hoffmann - . Lufthansa Systems GmbH & Co. KG . Max.Hoffmann@lhsystems.com. ID: 588895 Download Presentation

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Free Routing Airspace in Europe




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Slide1

Free Routing Airspace in Europe

Implementation concepts and benefits forairspace usersLennert Bentrup - City University LondonLennert.Bentrup.1@city.ac.ukMax Hoffmann - Lufthansa Systems GmbH & Co. KG Max.Hoffmann@lhsystems.comICRAT 2016, Philadelphia, 06/21-06/25

Slide2

-25.8%

Fuel

costs

-

22.1%

Taxes and fees

-16.8%Labour costs

-34.4%Other costs*

*Aircraft acquisition, maintenance, etc.

0.9%

Profit

Ticket price

How much profit does a ticket generate?

How much is left in average after deduction of all costs?

How

much profit does a ticket generate?

Source:

Bundesverband

der Deutschen Luftverkehrswirtschaft e.V. (BDL), 2015.

[Price of tickets - Is flying too cheap?]. (In German

)

[Redrawn

and translated from German]

Slide3

New concept of flight executionTrajectories not based on a fixed network of waypoints interlinked with airway segmentsAirspace user chooses trajectories using user-defined segments between published and/or user-defined points

Free Routing Airspace in Europe | ICRAT 2016 | L. Bentrup, M. Hoffmann

3

Free

Routing

Airspace

Slide4

Free Routing Airspace in Europe | ICRAT 2016 | L. Bentrup, M. Hoffmann

4

Example airspace with structural restrictions

Slide5

Free Routing Airspace in Europe | ICRAT 2016 | L. Bentrup, M. Hoffmann

5

Exemplarily ATS routing options forEGLL-UUDD flightJanuary 2016

Map

data: Google, Data SIO; NOAA; U.S. Navy, NGA, GEBCO, Image Landsat

Slide6

Free Routing Airspace in Europe | ICRAT 2016 | L. Bentrup, M. Hoffmann

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Exemplarily FRA routing options forEGLL-UUDD flightJanuary 2016

Map

data: Google, Data SIO; NOAA; U.S. Navy, NGA, GEBCO, Image Landsat

Slide7

Cost and Fuel savings due to more flight planning opportunitiesBetter usage of prevailing windsMore options to avoid expensive airspacesMore options to avoid restricted areasMight address capacity problems, too

Free Routing Airspace in Europe | ICRAT 2016 | L. Bentrup, M. Hoffmann

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Advantage of FRA

Slide8

Estimate benefits that Free Routing Airspace can provide for airspace users with regard toFlight efficiencyCosts savingsFuel savingsBased on recent and future FR developments in Europewith focus on cost saving potential for different airspace designs

Free Routing Airspace in Europe | ICRAT 2016 | L. Bentrup, M. Hoffmann

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Aim of study

Slide9

Agenda

Free Routing Airspace in Europe | ICRAT 2016 | L. Bentrup, M. Hoffmann

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Slide10

Current status of Free Routing Airspace in Europe

Free Routing Airspace in Europe | ICRAT 2016 | L. Bentrup, M. Hoffmann

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Slide11

Development and implementation of FRAinitiated and coordinated by EUROCONTROL in 2008Forms part of common Flight Efficiency Plan [1]Developed in cooperation between IATA, Civil Air Navigation Services Organisation (CANSO), and EUROCONTROL Becomes standard in 2022, above FL310 [2][1] Source: EUROCONTROL, European Free Route Airspace Developments, Edition 1.0, 16 March 2015 [2] Source: European Commission, 2014, Official Journal of the European Union, Implementing Regulation (EU) No716/2014 – ANNEX 3.3

Status of Free Routing Airspace in Europe

Free Routing Airspace in Europe | ICRAT 2016 | L. Bentrup, M. Hoffmann

11

Slide12

Status of Free Routing Airspace in Europe

Free Routing Airspace in Europe | ICRAT 2016 | L. Bentrup, M. Hoffmann

12

Source:

EUROCONTROL, European Route Network Improvement Plan - Part 2 - ARN Version 2015 - 2019

Slide13

Status of Free Routing Airspace in Europe

Free Routing Airspace in Europe | ICRAT 2016 | L. Bentrup, M. Hoffmann

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Source: EUROCONTROL, European Route Network Improvement Plan - Part 2 - ARN Version 2015 - 2019

Slide14

Differences can be:AvailabilityVolume availabilityTime Availability (day, night, 24 hours)Flight planning rulesVertical and Horizontal entry/exitUsage of intermediate (published and unpublished) points for flight planningMin and Max segment length

Free Routing Airspace in Europe | ICRAT 2016 | L. Bentrup, M. Hoffmann

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No standardized operational requirements

Slide15

Detailed description of used environment for trajectory

calculations

Free Routing Airspace in Europe | ICRAT 2016 | L. Bentrup, M. Hoffmann

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Slide16

Representative trajectory calculation with Lido/Flight by Lufthansa SystemsDesigned to find optimized trajectoryMinimum Fuel Track (MFT)Minimum Cost Track (MCT) Total costs = Fuel + Time + ATCMinimum Time Track (MTT)Minimum Distance Track (MDT)Traffic Flow Restrictions (TFRs)NOTAMs of airports, airspaces and trafficWeather (current and prognoses)Aircraft performance

Simulation setup

Free Routing Airspace in Europe | ICRAT 2016 | L. Bentrup, M. Hoffmann

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Slide17

Simulated FRA Europe

Free Routing Airspace in Europe | ICRAT 2016 | L. Bentrup, M. Hoffmann

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Map

data:

US Dept. of State Geographer,

Data SIO; NOAA; U.S. Navy, NGA, GEBCO, Image Landsat

Slide18

Single homogenous airspace helps to avoid inefficiencies (cross-border routing restrictions)GND to FL660Constant weather conditions: ISA STD and JuneAircraft: Airbus A320-211 with CFM56 engines and 80% load factor

Free Routing Airspace in Europe | ICRAT 2016 | L. Bentrup, M. Hoffmann

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Simulation setup (cont’d)

Slide19

Top 997 city-pairs by passengers carried in 2014 Source: Eurostat4 trajectories for each single flight:MFT ATS networkMCT ATS networkMFT FRAMCT FRA

Free Routing Airspace in Europe | ICRAT 2016 | L. Bentrup, M. Hoffmann

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Simulation setup (cont’d)Flight sample

Slide20

Free Routing Airspace in Europe | ICRAT 2016 | L. Bentrup, M. Hoffmann

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Overview of used flight sample configuration

NO TFR

ISA WX

NO UDP

NO TFR

Slide21

Presentation of results and discussion what impact different design options have on potential benefits

Free Routing Airspace in Europe | ICRAT 2016 | L. Bentrup, M. Hoffmann

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Slide22

Ratio of trajectories in FRA with less total costs and less fuel consumption compared to ATS trajectories

Free Routing Airspace in Europe | ICRAT 2016 | L. Bentrup, M. Hoffmann

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Slide23

Total costs reduction (percentage) due to FRA trajectories per sample number

Free Routing Airspace in Europe | ICRAT 2016 | L. Bentrup, M. Hoffmann

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Slide24

Scenario 4 – The influence of the maximum segment length

Free Routing Airspace in Europe | ICRAT 2016 | L. Bentrup, M. Hoffmann

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Slide25

Fuel consumption reduction (percentage) due to FRA trajectories per sample number

Free Routing Airspace in Europe | ICRAT 2016 | L. Bentrup, M. Hoffmann

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Slide26

Conclusion and outlook on possible follow-up studies

Free Routing Airspace in Europe | ICRAT 2016 | L. Bentrup, M. Hoffmann

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Slide27

Expected to provide high benefitsFor all evaluated scenarios the AU can expect high cost and fuel savingsHowever,different implementations characteristics effect the maximum achievable efficiencyDesign options have influence, but are not independent of each other. Max segment length does not matter, as long as UDPs are allowed to be usedImportant step for AU towards improved flight efficiency, in terms of cost and fuelBeneficial for environment

Conclusion and Recommendations

Free Routing Airspace in Europe | ICRAT 2016 | L. Bentrup, M. Hoffmann

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Slide28

Results calculated in optimum airspaceRestrictions should be as many as needed, but as few as possiblerestrict only if sufficient traffic separation cannot be ensuredAirport and sector capacity reaches limitsFlights through restricted airspaces are planned

Conclusion and Recommendations

Free Routing Airspace in Europe | ICRAT 2016 | L. Bentrup, M. Hoffmann

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Slide29

Follow-up studies could evaluate the effect of Restrictions of already implemented FRA in EuropeRegional differences due to different published waypoint densitiesInfluence of different weather

Follow-up studies

Free Routing Airspace in Europe | ICRAT 2016 | L. Bentrup, M. Hoffmann

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