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GEOGRAPHICALLY SPEAKING, CHINA IS LARGER THAN THE UNITED ST

CHINA IS A COMMUNIST COUNTRY.. ALL FAMILIES IN CHINA ARE LIMITED TO ONE CHILD.. GENERALLY SPEAKING, PARENTS HOPE TO HAVE BABY GIRLS, NOT BOYS.. CHINA’S OFFICAL RELIGION IS BUDDHISM.. MEN IN CHINA LOOKING TO GET MARRIED ARE VERY LUCKY BECAUSE THERE ARE A LOT MORE WOMEN, SO THEY HAVE A GOOD CHANCE OF FINDING THE WOMAN OF THEIR DREAMS..

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GEOGRAPHICALLY SPEAKING, CHINA IS LARGER THAN THE UNITED ST






Presentation on theme: "GEOGRAPHICALLY SPEAKING, CHINA IS LARGER THAN THE UNITED ST"— Presentation transcript:

Slide1

GEOGRAPHICALLY SPEAKING, CHINA IS LARGER THAN THE UNITED STATES.Slide2

CHINA IS A COMMUNIST COUNTRY.Slide3

ALL FAMILIES IN CHINA ARE LIMITED TO ONE CHILD.Slide4

GENERALLY SPEAKING, PARENTS HOPE TO HAVE BABY GIRLS, NOT BOYS.Slide5

CHINA’S OFFICAL RELIGION IS BUDDHISM.Slide6

MEN IN CHINA LOOKING TO GET MARRIED ARE VERY LUCKY BECAUSE THERE ARE A LOT MORE WOMEN, SO THEY HAVE A GOOD CHANCE OF FINDING THE WOMAN OF THEIR DREAMS.Slide7

FOOD SUPPLY HAS BEEN A PROBLEM FOR CHINA THROUGHOUT ITS HISTORY.Slide8

MANY MODERN COUNTRIES GAINED THEIR INDEPENDENCE THROUGH REVOLUTION. CHINA’S REVOLUTION TOOK PLACE IN THE MID 1800S.Slide9

THE GREAT WALL OF CHINA WAS BUILT TO KEEP UNHAPPY PEASANTS FROM LEAVING CHINA, WHICH WOULD HAVE RESULTED IN A LABOR SHORTAGE AND HUGE ECONOMIC PROBLEMS. IN OTHER WORDS, THE WALL WAS BUILT TO KEEP PEOPLE

IN

, NOT

OUT

, JUST LIKE THE BERLIN WALL.Slide10
Slide11

LEADERSHIP OF THE COMMUNIST PARTY

workers

peasants

bourgeoisie

Patriotic capitalists

stars are evenly spread and all point back to the larger starSlide12

FATCS & FIGURES

CONTINENT?

- Asia

POPULATION?

- 1,330,044,605

GOV’T?

– Communist (capital is Beijing)

RELIGIONS?

– Taoist, Buddhist, Christian, Muslim

(officially atheist)

HOW OLD?

– Oldest civilization in the worldSlide13
Slide14

GEOGRAPHY

WEST

Rugged, forbidding terrain

Himalayas close the SW part of the country

EAST

Borders the Pacific Ocean

Fertile river valleys and plains

Good place for life to flourish, unlike the westSlide15

MOUNTAINS

Mts. Cover 1/3 of the country, mostly in the westSlide16

RIVERS

3 main rivers drain the eastern basin:

Huang He

(Yellow River)

Chang Jiang

(Yangtze)

Xi Jiang Slide17

CLIMATE

Very diverse climate ranging from tropical in the south to subarctic in the north

Melting snow and monsoon seasons provide fertile farming areasSlide18

CHINESE NEW YEAR

Calendar dates back many centuries and is based on the moon and the sun

Calendar is cyclical (12 cycles, complete cycles are 60 years made of shorter cycles of 12 years)

Year can be named 3 ways:

Animal (rat, dragon, monkey…)

Traditional name (Wu

Zi

)

Number (2008 = 4705)Slide19

ANIMALS OF THE CALENDAR

RAT, OX, TIGER, RABBIT, DRAGON, SNAKE, HORSE, GOAT, MONKEY, ROOSTER, DOG, BOAR

2011

is the year of the

RABBITSlide20

List 3-5 adjectives that describe youSlide21

Write 3-5 sentences that describe you. Consider personality traits, health, morals, likes/dislikes, attitude about health, family and friends… Slide22

List 2-3 celebrities you would like to be

http://www.chineseastrology.com/wu/celebrity.html

http://tarot.com/chinese-astrology/gallery_Celebrity-Chinese-New-YearSlide23

DYNASTIES G.O.

ZHOU

How?

When?

Son of Heaven

– Slide24

ZHOU cont.

Agricultural System

Technological AdvancesSlide25

WHAT IS PHILOSOPHY?Slide26

WHAT IS THE PURPOSE OF LIFE?

HOW DID WE GET HERE AND WHY ARE WE HERE?

WHAT IS HAPPINESS?

WHAT IS THE ROLE OF GOVERNMENT?

WHAT MORALS/VALUES SHOULD WE LIVE BY?Slide27

CHINESE PHILOSOPHIES

During the late Zhou period scholars sought solutions to problems:

Political breakdown

Social disorders

Efforts led to new philosophies that focused on

life in this world

how this life should be lived (not great emphasis on the afterlife)Slide28

BUDDHISM

DAOISMSlide29

CONFUCIANISM

KONGUZI

(Confucius)

Born in 551 B.C.

Taught that “social harmony” and “good

gov’t

” would return to China if people lived according to

ethics

– good conduct and moral judgment

Golden rule “Do not do unto others what you would not want others to do unto you”Slide30

CONFUCIANISM cont.

5 RELATIONSHIPS

Confucius stressed the importance of moral behavior in 5 basic relationshipsSlide31

5 RELATIONSHIPS

1

RULER

&

SUBJECTSlide32

5 RELATIONSHIPS

2

Parent

&

ChildSlide33

5 RELATIONSHIPS

3

Husband

&

WifeSlide34

5 RELATIONSHIPS

4

Old

&

YoungSlide35

5 RELATIONSHIPS

5

Friend

&

FriendSlide36

CONFUCIANISM cont.

He cared most about family relationships and a child’s respect for parents (

filial piety

)

Died in 479 B.C.

Analects

– teachings were written down into this book

Greatly influenced Chinese society/politics until early 1900sSlide37

DAOISM

LAOZI

Lived in the 500s

b.c

.

Stressed living in harmony with nature

Followers believed people should give up worldly ambitions and turn to nature and the

daoSlide38

DAOISM cont.

Dao

– universal force that guides all the things

Focus on nature greatly emphasized Chinese artSlide39

DAOISM cont.

Yin and Yang

two opposing forces present in all nature (everything has both)

Yin

– cool, dark, female

Yang

– warm, light, maleSlide40

BUDDHISM

Entered China during the end of the Han dynasty

Emphasis on personal salvation and nirvana was appealing

Widely accepted by the 400s A.D.Slide41

SOCIETY & CULTURE

During the Han Dynasty the ideas of Confucius influenced all aspects of personal and social life

The family became most important aspect of Chinese societySlide42

FAMILY

Every member knew their place and role

Hierarchy

– organization based on separate levels of importanceSlide43

FAMILY ORGANIZATION

OLDEST MALE (father)

Oldest Son

Mother

Oldest daughterSlide44

FAMILY RULES

Very strict rules governed the family

Nobody wanted to bring shame on the family name

Expected to pay respect to dead ancestors (ancestor worship)Slide45
Slide46

CHINA IN THE 1800’s

OPENED UP BY THE WESTSlide47

IMPERIALISM IN ASIA

Imperialism

– policy of building an empire

During the 1800s many European countries wanted control of Asian territory for

tradeSlide48
Slide49
Slide50
Slide51

IMPERIALISM cont.

China had become weaker during the rule of the

Qing Dynasty

(1644-1912)

European powers (Great Britain, Spain, Portugal…) were trying to establish a

sphere of influence

– area where they had exclusive trading rights

This would eventually lead to the “opening up” of China and drastically changed the course of Chinese historySlide52

MAJOR EVENTS IN THE 1800s/EARLY 1900s

OPIUM WAR

BOXER REBELLION

REVOLUTION OF 1911Slide53

OPIUM WAR

British started using opium as cash payment for goods

1839 – Chinese

gov’t

tried to get them to stop, didn’t work

War broke out and the British easily wonSlide54

OPIUM WAR cont.

Treaty of Nanking

“Unequal treaty” that gave G.B.

Payment for war losses

Control of Hong Kong

Extraterritoriality

– right to live under their own laws and courtsSlide55
Slide56

BOXER REBELLION

Anti-foreign feelings led to creation of secret societies (remove foreign influence)

Righteous and Harmonious Fists was one of them (Boxers)Slide57

BOXER REBELLION cont.

1900 – Boxers carried out attacks against foreigners and Chinese Christians

Western countries & Japan sent a combined force to end the uprisingSlide58
Slide59

REVOLUTION OF 1911

After the Boxer Rebellion the last dynasty, Qing, struggled to hold onto power

Many Chinese believed the time had come to end the rule of dynasties in ChinaSlide60

REVOLUTION OF 1911 cont.

Leader was

Sun

Yat-sen

Goal was to modernize China based on 3 principles:

Nationalism

Democracy

Livelihood

1912

– Sun is named first president of the new Chinese Republic (end of dynasties)Slide61

CHINA’S DRIVE FOR MODERNIZATION

modernizationSlide62
Slide63

CHINA’S DRIVE FOR MODERNIZATIONSlide64

TIMELINE OF BIG TROUBLE IN BIG CHINA

1912

– Sun

Yat-Sen

becomes first president of new Republic of China

2 months later he is ousted by

Yuan

Shigai

(becomes a dictator)

Sun creates the

Guomindang

– nationalist party Slide65

TIMELINE OF BIG TROUBLE IN BIG CHINA

1916

Yuan

Shigai

dies

China slips into chaos

Warlords

(local military leaders) divide the country amongst themselvesSlide66

TIMELINE OF BIG TROUBLE IN BIG CHINA

1923

With the aid of the USSR &

Chiang Kai-shek

,

the

Guomindang

army grew in strengthSlide67

TIMELINE OF BIG TROUBLE IN BIG CHINA

1926-1928

Chiang leads army to victory over warlords

Guomingdang

sets up a

gov’t

in Nanjing in 1928Slide68

RIVALRY WITH THE COMMUNISTS

Communists

- a group that originally supported Chiang but eventually tried to take over the

Guomindang

in 1927

Mao Zedong

– leader of the Communist Party (Red Army)Slide69

COMMUNISTS & PEASANTS

Communists gained support of peasants by overthrowing local landlords and giving land to peasantsSlide70

RED ARMYSlide71

THE LONG MARCH

1934

– Red Army was in danger of being crushed

went on a 6,000 mile (16 miles/day)

100,000 started, about 8,000 survived

unified/strengthened the RA

http://

users.erols.com/mwhite28/longmarc.htmSlide72

CHINESE CIVIL WAR

By 1949 Mao’s forces defeated Chiang’s Nationalist forces

Created the

People’s Republic of China

(Beijing)

Nationalists fled to the island of Taiwan (

Republic of China

– capital at Taipei)Slide73

BOOKLETS

Cover Pages

Title: China’s Drive

for Modernization

Name in lower right-hand corner

Page: Title (Year)

Picture of event(s) of that year

Written explanation of the eventsSlide74

TAIWANSlide75

HISTORY

Since

1949

both the Nationalists & Communists believe they rightfully control it

1988

– moved towards democracy as political parties were allowed to challenge the Nationalists

1997

– Lee

Teng-hui

won the first democratic presidential election

Future is

uncertainSlide76
Slide77

CHINA AFTER MAO

Mao died in

1976

Deng Xiaoping

- became the new leaderSlide78

FOUR MODERNIZATOINS

AGRICULTURE

INDUSTRY

S

C

I

E

N

C

E

DEFENSESlide79

TIANANMEN SQUARE

June 4, 1989

– 100,000 people in Beijing rallied for democracy

Troops/tanks sent in (thousands killed)

Damaged Chinese image abroadSlide80
Slide81
Slide82
Slide83

HU JINTAO – PRESIDENT OF CHINA