Hazard Communication Standard (HCS) 2012

Hazard Communication Standard (HCS) 2012 Hazard Communication Standard (HCS) 2012 - Start

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Hazard Communication Standard (HCS) 2012 - Description

Global Harmonization System (GHS). Background – old HCS. Why/Benefits. Labeling/Pictograms. Safety Data Sheets (SDS). Hazard Classification. Changes in other OSHA Standards. HCS Appendices. References. ID: 737006 Download Presentation

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Hazard Communication Standard (HCS) 2012




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Presentations text content in Hazard Communication Standard (HCS) 2012

Slide1

Hazard Communication Standard (HCS) 2012

Global Harmonization System (GHS)

Slide2

Background – old HCS

Why/Benefits

Labeling/PictogramsSafety Data Sheets (SDS)Hazard ClassificationChanges in other OSHA StandardsHCS AppendicesReferencesQuiz

Contents

Slide3

Background – The original HCS was issued by OSHA in 1994. It required manufacturers to evaluate the hazards, label the containers and provide Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS). Those pieces of the HCS have been updated, and will be discussed in this training.

Some of the unchanged provisions of the HCS include the requirements for a chemical inventory and the requirements for a Written Hazard Communication Program

Old Hazard Communication Standard

Slide4

If you have never had Hazard Communication training, you should take the following OSHA Hazard Communication course (as well as this one):

Hazard

Communication Training 2006.ppt

Old Hazard Communication Training

Slide5

This is an updated OSHA standardInternational approach

Standardized approach to classifying chemical hazards

Based on major existing systems around the world.HCS 2012

Slide6

Ensure that the hazards of all chemicals produced or imported are classified

Ensure that the information on these hazards is transmitted to employers and employees

Intended to be consistent with the provisions of the United Nations Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals (GHS).Why/Benefits

Slide7

The transmission of information is to be accomplished by means of comprehensive hazard communication programs which are to include container labeling, pictograms and other forms of warning, safety data sheets (SDS) and employee training

Also helps to reduce trade barriers

Productivity improvements for American businesses that have international componentsWhy/Benefits (cont.)

Slide8

Training – by December 1, 2013Labeling – including pictograms

Safety Data Sheets (SDS)

Hazard Classification HCS 2012 Major Changes

Slide9

As of June 1, 2015 all labels will be required to have the following:

Pictograms

Signal WordHazard and precautionary statementsProduct identifierSupplier IdentificationLabeling

Slide10

Slide11

Label Example

Slide12

As of June 1, 2015, the HCS will require pictograms on labels to alert users of the chemical hazards to which they may be exposed.

Each pictogram consists of a symbol on a white background framed within a red border and represents a distinct hazard.

The pictogram on the label is determined by the chemical hazard classification.There are 9 different pictograms.Pictograms

Slide13

HCS Pictograms and Hazards

Slide14

CarcinogenRespiratory sensitizer

Reproductive toxicity

Target organ toxicityAspiration toxicityMutagenicityHealth Hazard

Slide15

Flame

Flammable

PyrophoricSelf-heatingEmits flammable gasOrganic peroxideSelf-reactive

Slide16

Irritant (skin and eye)Skin sensitizer

Acute Toxicity

Narcotic effectsRespiratory Tract IrritantHazardous to Ozone Layer (non-mandatory)Exclamation Mark

Slide17

Gases Under Pressure

Compressed Gas Cylinder

Slide18

Skin Corrosion/BurnsEye Damage

Corrosive to Metals

Corrosion

Slide19

ExplosivesSelf-Reactive

Organic Peroxides

Exploding Bomb

Slide20

Oxidizers

Flame Over Circle

Slide21

Aquatic Toxicity

Environment

(Non-Mandatory)

Slide22

Acute Toxicity (fatal or toxic)

Skull and Crossbones

Slide23

Hazard Ratings

HMIS/NFPA

0-Minimal Hazard1-Slight Hazard2-Moderate Hazard3-Serious Hazard4-Severe Hazard

GHS Hazard Categories

1-Severe Hazard

2-Serious Hazard

3-Moderate Hazard

4-Slight Hazard

5-Minimal Hazard

Slide24

• As of June 1, 2015, chemical manufacturers, distributors or importers are required to provide SDS to communicate the hazards of hazardous chemical products.

• SDS – formerly Material Safety Data Sheets or MSDSs

• New SDSs will be in a uniform format with 16 sections with standard headings• Laboratory employers that ship hazardous chemicals must provide a SDS with the shipment. This also applies to newly synthesized and uncharacterized chemicals:http://www.osha.gov/pls/oshaweb/owadisp.show_document?p_table=INTERPRETATIONS&p_id=24782

Safety Data Sheets (SDS)

Slide25

Section 1: IdentificationSection 2: Hazard Identification

Section 3: Composition/information on ingredients

Section 4: First-aid measuresSection 5: Fire-fighting measuresSection 6: Accidental release measures

SDSs

16 Sections

Slide26

Section 7: Handling and storageSection 8: Exposure controls/personal protection

Section 9: Physical and chemical properties

Section 10: Stability and reactivity Section 11: Toxicological informationSDSs Sections (cont.)

Slide27

Section 12: Ecological informationSection 13: Disposal considerations

Section 14: Transport information

Section 15: Regulatory informationSDS (cont.)Sections Enforced by Other Agencies

Slide28

Section 16: Other information

(includes the date of preparation

)

SDSs (cont.)

Slide29

Readily accessible to employeesElectronic access and other alternatives to maintaining paper copies are permitted

At each work location

Available for every shiftShipped with every outgoing shipment of hazardous chemicalsSDS shall be:

Slide30

Manufacturers are still responsible for determining the hazards of the chemicals they produce or import.

Classification is based on the full range of available information. The procedures for determining if the manufacturer has properly performed the hazard classification are provided in Appendix A (health) and Appendix B (physical).

Placing a chemical into a "hazard class", and where necessary, a "hazard category", is the concept of classification - determining not only the hazard, but the severity of the effect.Hazard Classification:

Slide31

Appendix A – Health hazard criteriaAppendix B – Physical hazard criteria

Hazard Class – the nature of the physical or health hazard

Hazard Category – the division of the criteria within each hazard classCategories compare hazard severity within the classHazard Criteria, Class and Category

Slide32

Comparison: Oral Toxicity of Liquids

OLD HAZCOM

Highly Toxic

TOXIC

NEW GHS HAZCOM

1

2

3

Category 4

Category 5

Slide33

Health Hazards

Slide34

Physical Hazards

Slide35

Comparison: Flammability of Liquids

OLD HAZCOM

FLAMMABLE

COMBUSTIBLE

NEW GHS HAZCOM

1

Category 3

Category 4

2

Slide36

Category

Criteria for Flammable Liquid

1

Flash point < 23°C (73.4°F) and initial boiling point ≤ 35°C (95°F)

2

Flash point < 23°C (73.4°F) and initial boiling point > 35°C (95°F)

3

Flash point ≥ 23°C (73.4°F) and ≤ 60°C (140°F)

4

Flash point > 60°C (140°F) and ≤ 93°C (199.4°F)

Criteria for Flammable

Liquids

Slide37

Many other OSHA standards contain criteria related to defining hazards, as well as other provisions that rely on those criteria.

OSHA undertook a comprehensive review of its rules to identify what needed to be changed.

OSHA has proposed modifications to all of those standards that it determined needed to be consistent with the GHS.Approach to Other Standards

Slide38

Health Standards

Asbestos

AcrylonitrileEthylene oxideFormaldehyeMethlenedianiline

1,3-butadiene

Methylene chloride

Vinyl chloride

1,2-dibromo-3-chloropropane13 CarcinogensInorganic Arsenic

Lead

Chromium VI

Cadmium

Benzene

Coke oven emissions

Cotton dust

Occupational exposure to hazardous chemicals in laboratories

Slide39

Substance-Specific Health Standards

Standard

Substance

Original signs

Final Changes

1910.1001

1915.1001

Asbestos

Regulated areas

Where the use of respirators and protected clothing is required

DANGER

ASBESTOS

CANCER AND LUNG

DISEASE HAZARD

AUTHORIZED

PERSONNEL ONLY

RESPIRATORS AND

PROTECTIVE CLOTHING

ARE REQUIRED

IN THIS AREA

DANGER

ASBESTOS

MAY CAUSE CANCER

CAUSES DAMAGE TO LUNGS

AUTHORIZED

PERSONNEL ONLY

WEAR RESPIRATORY PROTECTION AND

PROTECTIVE CLOTHING

IN THIS AREA

Slide40

Flammable liquids

Spray finishing using flammable and combustible materials

Process safety management of highly hazardous chemicalsHazardous waste operations and emergency responseDipping and coating operationsGeneral requirements for dipping and coating operationsAdditional requirements for dipping and coating operations that use flammable liquids

Welding, cutting and brazing

Safety Standards

Slide41

Appendix A: Health Hazard Criteria (Mandatory)

Appendix B: Physical Criteria (Mandatory)

Appendix C: Allocation of Label Elements (Mandatory)Appendix D: Safety Data Sheets (Mandatory) Appendix E – Definition of “Trade Secret” (Mandatory)Appendix F – Guidance for Hazard Classifications Re: Carcinogenicity (Non-Mandatory)

Appendices to HCS

Slide42

http://www.osha.gov/pls/oshaweb/owadisp.show_document?p_table=STANDARDS&p_id=10100

Categories and Classifications of the following:

Mixtures, Acute Toxicity, Skin Corrosion/irritation, Eye irritation/damage, Respiratory or skin sensitization, germ cell mutagenicity, carcinogenicity, reproductive toxicity, target organ toxicity, and aspiration hazard

Appendix A: Health Hazard Criteria

Slide43

http://www.osha.gov/pls/oshaweb/owadisp.show_document?p_table=STANDARDS&p_id=10101

Categories and classifications of the following:

Explosives, flammables, oxidizing gases, gases under pressure, pyrophorics, self-reactive chemicals, self-heating chemicals, chemicals which in contact with water emit flammables gases, oxidizers, organic peroxides, corrosive metals

Appendix B: Physical Hazards

Slide44

29CFR1910.1200 Hazard Communication 2012: http://www.osha.gov/pls/oshaweb/owadisp.show_document?p_table=STANDARDS&p_id=10099

OSHA Fact Sheets, Quick Cards:

http://www.osha.gov/dsg/hazcom/index.htmlOSHA website: http://www.osha.gov

References

Slide45

Contact the Safety and Environmental Compliance Office (SECO) Safety Managers at:

Rhonda Carpenter, Boulder,

Rhonda.S.Carpenter@noaa.govRon Mattox, Kansas City, Ronald.D.Mattox@noaa.govJoe Duran, Seattle, Joe.G.Duran@noaa.govAnn Byar, Seattle,

Ann.Byar@noaa.gov

For Questions or Information


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